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Tsuhako Ueekata Seisei (津波古 親方 政正, 1816 – 1877), also known by the Chinese-style name Tō Kokukō (東 国興), was a politician and bureaucrat of Ryukyu Kingdom. Tsuhako was born in Shuri. In 1840, he traveled to Qing China to study, and remained at the Imperial Academy in Beijing for eight years. Upon returning to Ryukyu, he received the title Kokushi (国師) which was the instructor of King Shō Tai.

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  • Tsuhako Ueekata Seisei (津波古 親方 政正, 1816 – 1877), also known by the Chinese-style name Tō Kokukō (東 国興), was a politician and bureaucrat of Ryukyu Kingdom. Tsuhako was born in Shuri. In 1840, he traveled to Qing China to study, and remained at the Imperial Academy in Beijing for eight years. Upon returning to Ryukyu, he received the title Kokushi (国師) which was the instructor of King Shō Tai. In 1874, Tsuhako was sent by the king on an embassy to Japan. He was shocked at the great change during Meiji Restoration. After he came back to Ryukyu, he suggested that Ryukyu should be annexed by Japan because it was beneficial. His proposition was under serious attack. The former Sanshikan Kamegawa Seibu regarded him as a traitor. (en)
  • 津波古 政正(つはこ せいせい、1816年 - 1877年)は、琉球王国の政治家。東氏津波古殿内の十三世。唐名は東国興、童名は樽金。 (ja)
  • 東國興(琉球語:東國興〔東国興〕/トーククキョー Tō Kukukyō;1816年8月21日-1877年),字子祥,和名津波古親方政正(琉球語:津波古 親方 政正/チファヌク ウェーカタ シーシー Chihwanuku Ueekata Shiishii),琉球第二尚氏王朝末年的政治家、詩人。 東國興童名樽金,出生在家族,為該家族第十三世當主。其父為(與世山親方政輔),其母為童氏真鶴。 東國興跟隨父親東順法學習英語。1840年,東國興作為琉球的官生,前往清朝學習。他在北京國子監就學期間的師傅是孫衣言。1847年學成歸國,與同被尚育王任命為國學講談師匠,負責教育首里士族子弟。此後歷任御系圖假中取、御系圖座中取、高奉行、講談讀上役、御書院當等職務。1858年成為御同學,擔任尚泰王的侍講。翌年授予佐敷間切津波古地頭職。在牧志恩河事件發生之際,尚慎(玉川王子朝達)受到牽連,尚健(伊江王子朝直)欲將其逮捕拷問。東國興居中調停,竭力向王母說情,使得其免於審問。 1864年,東國興為耳目官,與正議大夫一起出使清朝,請求冊封尚泰為王。1867年事竣歸國,赴薩摩藩報告此事。1871年,日本廢藩置縣。1873年,琉球遣使赴日本東京以慶賀年頭及天長節;原定東國興為,但考慮到御鎖官馬兼才(與那原親雲上良傑)跟熟悉日本事務,遂改以馬兼才為使。翌年,東國興充年頭使,前往東京慶賀年頭及天長節。在日本期間,東國興考察了其制度,日本的強盛和清朝的衰弱給他很大的衝擊。翌年歸國後,東國興建議尚泰王主動「奉還版籍」,即將主動將琉球併入日本,認為這對琉球未來的發展非常有利。他的這種主張受到琉球士族的猛烈抨擊,前三司官毛允良(龜川親方盛武)更是直斥他是琉球的叛徒。然而,東國興的意見對尚泰王起很大的影響。1877年,東國興在琉球被吞併前夕病死。 著有《》。(喜舍場朝賢)是他的弟子。 (zh)
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  • 津波古 政正(つはこ せいせい、1816年 - 1877年)は、琉球王国の政治家。東氏津波古殿内の十三世。唐名は東国興、童名は樽金。 (ja)
  • Tsuhako Ueekata Seisei (津波古 親方 政正, 1816 – 1877), also known by the Chinese-style name Tō Kokukō (東 国興), was a politician and bureaucrat of Ryukyu Kingdom. Tsuhako was born in Shuri. In 1840, he traveled to Qing China to study, and remained at the Imperial Academy in Beijing for eight years. Upon returning to Ryukyu, he received the title Kokushi (国師) which was the instructor of King Shō Tai. (en)
  • 東國興(琉球語:東國興〔東国興〕/トーククキョー Tō Kukukyō;1816年8月21日-1877年),字子祥,和名津波古親方政正(琉球語:津波古 親方 政正/チファヌク ウェーカタ シーシー Chihwanuku Ueekata Shiishii),琉球第二尚氏王朝末年的政治家、詩人。 東國興童名樽金,出生在家族,為該家族第十三世當主。其父為(與世山親方政輔),其母為童氏真鶴。 東國興跟隨父親東順法學習英語。1840年,東國興作為琉球的官生,前往清朝學習。他在北京國子監就學期間的師傅是孫衣言。1847年學成歸國,與同被尚育王任命為國學講談師匠,負責教育首里士族子弟。此後歷任御系圖假中取、御系圖座中取、高奉行、講談讀上役、御書院當等職務。1858年成為御同學,擔任尚泰王的侍講。翌年授予佐敷間切津波古地頭職。在牧志恩河事件發生之際,尚慎(玉川王子朝達)受到牽連,尚健(伊江王子朝直)欲將其逮捕拷問。東國興居中調停,竭力向王母說情,使得其免於審問。 著有《》。(喜舍場朝賢)是他的弟子。 (zh)
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  • Tsuhako Seisei (en)
  • 津波古政正 (ja)
  • 東國興 (zh)
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