The Legend of Good Women is a poem in the form of a dream vision by Geoffrey Chaucer during the fourteenth century. The poem is the third longest of Chaucer's works, after The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde, and is possibly the first significant work in English to use the iambic pentameter or decasyllabic couplets which he later used throughout The Canterbury Tales. This form of the heroic couplet would become a significant part of English literature possibly inspired by Chaucer. Tennyson used the poem as theme for his own poem A Dream of Fair Women.

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  • The Legend of Good Women (La legendo de la bonaj virinoj) estas poemo en formo de vizia sonĝo de Geoffrey Chaucer. La poemo estas la tria plej longa el la verkoj de Chaucer, post The Canterbury Tales kaj Troilo kaj Kresido, kaj estas eble la unua grava verko en angla kiu uzas la jamban pentametron aŭ deksilaban duverson kiun poste li uzos en The Canterbury Tales. Tiu formo de heroeca duverso iĝos grava parto de la anglalingva literaturo sendube inspirita de Chaucer. La prologo priskribas kiel Chaucer estas admonita fare de la dio de amo kaj de la reĝino, Alceste, pro siaj verkoj — kiaj Troilo kaj Kresido — priskribante virinojn iom malfavore. Kresido estas prezentita nekonstanta en amaferoj en tiu pli frua verko, kaj Alceste petas poemon de Chaucer laŭdante la virtojn de virinoj kaj de iliaj bonaj mortintoj. (eo)
  • The Legend of Good Women is a poem in the form of a dream vision by Geoffrey Chaucer during the fourteenth century. The poem is the third longest of Chaucer's works, after The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde, and is possibly the first significant work in English to use the iambic pentameter or decasyllabic couplets which he later used throughout The Canterbury Tales. This form of the heroic couplet would become a significant part of English literature possibly inspired by Chaucer. The prologue describes how Chaucer is reprimanded by the god of love and his queen, Alceste, for his works—such as Troilus and Criseyde—depicting women in a poor light. Criseyde is made to seem inconstant in love in that earlier work, and Alceste demands a poem of Chaucer extolling the virtues of women and their good deeds. For thy trespas, and understond hit here:Thou shalt, whyl that thou livest, yeer by yere,The moste party of thy tyme spendeIn making of a glorious LegendeOf Gode Wommen, maidenes and wyves,That weren trewe in lovinge al hir lyves;And telle of false men that hem bitrayen,That al hir lyf ne doon nat but assayen The incomplete nature of the poem is suggested by Chaucer's Retraction from The Canterbury Tales which calls the work the xxv. Ladies. Fifteen and nineteen are also numbers used to describe the work. In the prologue several women are mentioned—Esther, Penelope, (wife of Cato the younger), Lavinia, Polyxena and Laodamia—whose stories are not recorded and the nineteen ladies in waiting of Alceste mentioned in the prologue might suggest an unfulfilled structure. The command of queen Alceste is said, by John Lydgate in The Fall of Princes, to be a poetic account of an actual request for a poem by Anne of Bohemia who came to England in 1382 to marry Richard II. If true this would make Chaucer an early poet laureate. Joan of Kent, Richard's mother, is also sometimes considered a model for Alceste. The supposed royal command is one suggested reason for the poem's unfinished state as Chaucer got bored with the task and gave up. Several passages hint at Chaucer's dissatisfaction: But for I am agroted [stuffed] heer-bifornTo wryte of hem that been in love forsworn,And eek to haste me in my legende,Which to performe god me grace sende,Therfor I passe shortly in this wyse; These lines, late in the poem, could simply be occupatio or paralipsis, the rhetorical device common in Chaucer of bringing up a subject merely to say you will not mention it. Whether the poem's state is due to Chaucer becoming bored with it is uncertain, but it is not now regarded among his best work, despite being popular when first written. One early fan is Chaucer's own character, the Man of Law, who praises Chaucer and the poem which he calls Seintes Legende of Cupide. The work is rather inconsistent in tone, with tragedy mixed uncomfortably with comedy, and the legends are all somewhat similar with little of the characterisation which is key to The Canterbury Tales. Some scholars have conjectured that the work is deliberately poorly written and the work is actually a satire against women although this is not widely agreed with. Another idea is that it is a satire on the idea of taking stories of classical origin and twisting them to give them contemporary moral meanings. This would suggest that the poem is not only an early use of heroic couplets but also one of the first mock-heroic works in English. The nature of the poem with its separate legends makes dating it difficult but it is clearly placed between Troilus and the Tales around 1386/1388. Chaucer seems to have returned to the work a decade later to rewrite the prologue, but the latter text, which survives in only one manuscript, is generally considered inferior to the original. A thousand tymes have I herd men telle,That ther is Ioye in heven, and peyne in helle;And I acorde wel that hit is so;But natheles, yit wot I wel also,That ther nis noon dwelling in this contree,That either hath in heven or helle y-be, Tennyson used the poem as theme for his own poem A Dream of Fair Women. (en)
  • The Legend of Good Women adalah sebuah puisi dalam bentuk karya Geoffrey Chaucer. Puisi tersebut adalah karya terpanjang ketiga buatan Chaucer, setelah The Canterbury Tales dan dan mungkin karya signifikan pertama dalam bahasa Inggris (in)
  • La Légende des femmes vertueuses (The Legend of Good Women) est un poème de Geoffrey Chaucer. Il compte 2 723 vers, répartis en neuf sections et un prologue, mais il n'est pas achevé. Comme son titre l'indique, il s'agit d'une collection de biographies de femmes célèbres de la mythologie et de l'histoire antique. Il s'agit de la première œuvre de Chaucer en pentamètres iambiques, un mètre qu'il réutilise par la suite dans les Contes de Canterbury. (fr)
  • La leggenda delle donne eccellenti (in inglese The Legend of Good Women) è un poema scritto in forma onirica da Geoffrey Chaucer.Il poema è la terza opera più lunga di Chaucer, dopo i Canterbury Tales ed il Troilo e Criseide ed è considerato come il primo lavoro significativo inglese ad utilizzare il pentametro giambico o distico decasillabico, utilizzato poi in tutti i Canterbury Tales.Questa prima forma di distico ecoico diventerà una parte significativa della letteratura inglese. (it)
  • The Legend of Good Women is een lang 14e-eeuws Middelengels gedicht van Geoffrey Chaucer in de vorm van een droomvisioen. (nl)
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  • The Legend of Good Women adalah sebuah puisi dalam bentuk karya Geoffrey Chaucer. Puisi tersebut adalah karya terpanjang ketiga buatan Chaucer, setelah The Canterbury Tales dan dan mungkin karya signifikan pertama dalam bahasa Inggris (in)
  • La Légende des femmes vertueuses (The Legend of Good Women) est un poème de Geoffrey Chaucer. Il compte 2 723 vers, répartis en neuf sections et un prologue, mais il n'est pas achevé. Comme son titre l'indique, il s'agit d'une collection de biographies de femmes célèbres de la mythologie et de l'histoire antique. Il s'agit de la première œuvre de Chaucer en pentamètres iambiques, un mètre qu'il réutilise par la suite dans les Contes de Canterbury. (fr)
  • La leggenda delle donne eccellenti (in inglese The Legend of Good Women) è un poema scritto in forma onirica da Geoffrey Chaucer.Il poema è la terza opera più lunga di Chaucer, dopo i Canterbury Tales ed il Troilo e Criseide ed è considerato come il primo lavoro significativo inglese ad utilizzare il pentametro giambico o distico decasillabico, utilizzato poi in tutti i Canterbury Tales.Questa prima forma di distico ecoico diventerà una parte significativa della letteratura inglese. (it)
  • The Legend of Good Women is een lang 14e-eeuws Middelengels gedicht van Geoffrey Chaucer in de vorm van een droomvisioen. (nl)
  • The Legend of Good Women is a poem in the form of a dream vision by Geoffrey Chaucer during the fourteenth century. The poem is the third longest of Chaucer's works, after The Canterbury Tales and Troilus and Criseyde, and is possibly the first significant work in English to use the iambic pentameter or decasyllabic couplets which he later used throughout The Canterbury Tales. This form of the heroic couplet would become a significant part of English literature possibly inspired by Chaucer. Tennyson used the poem as theme for his own poem A Dream of Fair Women. (en)
  • The Legend of Good Women (La legendo de la bonaj virinoj) estas poemo en formo de vizia sonĝo de Geoffrey Chaucer. La poemo estas la tria plej longa el la verkoj de Chaucer, post The Canterbury Tales kaj Troilo kaj Kresido, kaj estas eble la unua grava verko en angla kiu uzas la jamban pentametron aŭ deksilaban duverson kiun poste li uzos en The Canterbury Tales. Tiu formo de heroeca duverso iĝos grava parto de la anglalingva literaturo sendube inspirita de Chaucer. (eo)
rdfs:label
  • La legendo de la bonaj virinoj (eo)
  • The Legend of Good Women (en)
  • La Légende des femmes vertueuses (fr)
  • The Legend of Good Women (in)
  • La leggenda delle donne eccellenti (it)
  • The Legend of Good Women (nl)
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