The Tamil National Alliance (Tamil: தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu; TNA) is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority. It was formed in October 2001 by a group of moderate Tamil nationalist parties and former militant groups. The alliance originally supported self-determination in an autonomous state (Tamil Eelam) for the island's Tamils. It supported negotiations with the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to resolve the civil war in Sri Lanka. The TNA was considered a political proxy of the LTTE which selected some of its candidates even though its leadership maintains it never supported the LTTE and merely negotiated with the LTTE just as the Government did.

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  • Die Tamil National Alliance (TNA, tamilisch தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu) ist die stärkste politische Allianz der tamilischen Minderheit in Sri Lanka. Sie wurde im Jahr 2001 aus moderaten Parteien und ehemaligen Rebellengruppen gegründet. Bei den Wahlen im Jahre 2010 konnte die TNA 14 von 225 Sitzen des sri-lankischen Parlaments gewinnen. Der Parteiführer ist Rajavarothiam Sampanthan. Die Partei forderte anfänglich das Selbstbestimmungsrecht der Tamilen in einem eigenen Land namens Tamil Eelam. Jedoch hat sie 2010 das Ziel eines unabhängigen Staates aufgegeben und fordert nun regionale Autonomie.Verschiedene Politiker dieser Partei wurden vor und während des Bürgerkrieges in Sri Lanka ermordet, darunter drei Mitglieder des Parlaments von Sri Lanka. Joseph Pararajasingham wurde 2005 durch paramilitärische pro-Regierungsgruppen (TMVP, EPDP) ermordet. K. Sivanesan wurde 2008 in Kilinochchi von einer Mine, welche vermutlich durch die Sri Lanka Army Deep Penetration Unit platziert wurde, getötet. Der dritte Parlamentarier, Nadarajah Raviraj, wurde 2006 in Colombo erschossen. Hinter seinem Tod wird gemäß UTHR die Regierung und der Verteidigungsminister Gotabhaya Rajapaksa, der Bruder des damaligen Präsidenten vermutet. Diese wiesen die Beschuldigungen von sich. Ariyanayagam Chandra Nehru, ein Politiker von Amparai, wurde 2005 erschossen. Die TNA und seine Familie beschuldigten die sri-lankische Armee, die Regierung jedoch bestritt diese Tat. (de)
  • La Alianza Nacional Tamil (en inglés "Tamil National Alliance") es una alianza política tamil cingalésa en Sri Lanka. Fue formada como una amalgama de partidos tamiles moderados así como varios grupos rebeldes de antaño. Ha participado en elecciones desde 2001. La alianza originalmente apoyó la auto-determinación en un estado autónomo para los tamiles de la isla, pero quitó la demanda por un estado indepnediente en el 2010, diciendo que era tiempo de aceptar una ley regional.​ (es)
  • The Tamil National Alliance (Tamil: தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu; TNA) is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority. It was formed in October 2001 by a group of moderate Tamil nationalist parties and former militant groups. The alliance originally supported self-determination in an autonomous state (Tamil Eelam) for the island's Tamils. It supported negotiations with the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to resolve the civil war in Sri Lanka. The TNA was considered a political proxy of the LTTE which selected some of its candidates even though its leadership maintains it never supported the LTTE and merely negotiated with the LTTE just as the Government did. Since the end of the civil war and the defeat of the LTTE the TNA has dropped the demand for an independent state, saying that it is ready to accept regional self-rule. The TNA and its supporters have been subject to numerous attacks during its existence and three of its sitting Members of Parliament have been assassinated, allegedly by government backed rival groups. The TNA currently consists of four parties: Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front, Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi, People's Liberation Organisation of Tamil Eelam and Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization. The TNA currently has 16 members in the national parliament. It controls the provincial government in the Northern Province and is part of the provincial government in the Eastern Province. It also controls 33 local authorities in the north and east. The leader of the alliance R. Sampanthan was the leader of the opposition from September 2015 to December 2018. (en)
  • L'Alliance nationale tamoule ( tamoul : தமிழ் தேசிய கூட்டமைப்பு, cingalais : දෙමළ ජාතික සන්ධානය, anglais : Tamil National Alliance), régulièrement abbrévié TNA, est une alliance de partis politiques tamouls au Sri Lanka. Fondé en 2001, elle est la troisième alliance politique du pays, représentant le fédéralisme tamoul pour les provinces du Nord et Est du Pays; en opposition avec les alliances cingalaises : la gauche socialiste représentée par la United People's Freedom Alliance, et la droite conservatrice, représentée par la United National Front for Good Governance (fr)
  • Tamilska nationella alliansen, Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK) är en protamilsk valallians på Sri Lanka, bildad i november 2001 av följande fyra partier: * All Ceylon Tamil Congress * Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front * Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization * Tamil United Liberation Front Bland dessa återfanns ett flertal ledande personer med anknytning till rebellrörelsen Tamilska tigrarna. Allianens ledare heter Rajavarothiam Sampanthan. ITAK ställde upp i de allmänna valen 2004 och erövrade 22 mandat i landets parlament.Tre av partiet parlamentariker (Kiddinan Sivanesan, Joseph Pararajasingham och Nadarajah Raviraj) har mördats de senaste åren. Sedan tigrarna 2009 besegrats militärt sågs lokalvalen den 8 augusti, i norra Sri Lanka, som ett test på vilket stöd regeringen hade i dessa tamilskt dominerade områden.IAK vann fem av de elva platserna i kommunfullmäkte i staden Vavuniya, mot bara två till regerande Frihetsalliansen. (sv)
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  • La Alianza Nacional Tamil (en inglés "Tamil National Alliance") es una alianza política tamil cingalésa en Sri Lanka. Fue formada como una amalgama de partidos tamiles moderados así como varios grupos rebeldes de antaño. Ha participado en elecciones desde 2001. La alianza originalmente apoyó la auto-determinación en un estado autónomo para los tamiles de la isla, pero quitó la demanda por un estado indepnediente en el 2010, diciendo que era tiempo de aceptar una ley regional.​ (es)
  • L'Alliance nationale tamoule ( tamoul : தமிழ் தேசிய கூட்டமைப்பு, cingalais : දෙමළ ජාතික සන්ධානය, anglais : Tamil National Alliance), régulièrement abbrévié TNA, est une alliance de partis politiques tamouls au Sri Lanka. Fondé en 2001, elle est la troisième alliance politique du pays, représentant le fédéralisme tamoul pour les provinces du Nord et Est du Pays; en opposition avec les alliances cingalaises : la gauche socialiste représentée par la United People's Freedom Alliance, et la droite conservatrice, représentée par la United National Front for Good Governance (fr)
  • Die Tamil National Alliance (TNA, tamilisch தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu) ist die stärkste politische Allianz der tamilischen Minderheit in Sri Lanka. Sie wurde im Jahr 2001 aus moderaten Parteien und ehemaligen Rebellengruppen gegründet. (de)
  • The Tamil National Alliance (Tamil: தமிழ்த் தேசியக் கூட்டமைப்பு ISO 15919: tamiḻt tēciyakkūṭṭamaippu; TNA) is a political alliance in Sri Lanka that represents the country's Sri Lankan Tamil minority. It was formed in October 2001 by a group of moderate Tamil nationalist parties and former militant groups. The alliance originally supported self-determination in an autonomous state (Tamil Eelam) for the island's Tamils. It supported negotiations with the rebel Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) to resolve the civil war in Sri Lanka. The TNA was considered a political proxy of the LTTE which selected some of its candidates even though its leadership maintains it never supported the LTTE and merely negotiated with the LTTE just as the Government did. (en)
  • Tamilska nationella alliansen, Illankai Tamil Arasu Kachchi (ITAK) är en protamilsk valallians på Sri Lanka, bildad i november 2001 av följande fyra partier: * All Ceylon Tamil Congress * Eelam People's Revolutionary Liberation Front * Tamil Eelam Liberation Organization * Tamil United Liberation Front Bland dessa återfanns ett flertal ledande personer med anknytning till rebellrörelsen Tamilska tigrarna. Allianens ledare heter Rajavarothiam Sampanthan. (sv)
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  • Tamil National Alliance (en)
  • Tamil National Alliance (de)
  • Alianza Nacional Tamil (es)
  • Alliance nationale tamoule (fr)
  • Tamilska nationella alliansen (sv)
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