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Sulayman ibn al-Hakam or Sulayman al-Musta'in bi-llah (Arabic: سلیمان المستعین باللہ‎; died 1016) was the fifth Umayyad Caliph of Córdoba, ruling from 1009 to 1010, and from 1013 to 1016 in Al-Andalus. Sulayman was however unable to conquer Toledo. In May 1010 Muhammad, who had reorganized his troops of "slave" mercenaries from all over Europe and had allied with Count Ramon Borrell of Barcelona, defeated Sulayman and conquered Córdoba, which was plundered by the Catalans. Muhammad was made again caliph, but his mercenaries assassinated him in July and restored Hisham II.

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  • أبو أيوب سليمان المستعين بالله (354 هـ - 407 هـ) الحاكم الثاني عشر والخليفة الخامس للدولة الأموية في الأندلس. (ar)
  • Sulajmán bin al-Hakam nebo Sulajmán al-Musta'ín bi-lláh (arabsky: سليمان المستعين بالله‎; zemřel 1016) byl 5. chalífa z dynastie Umajjovců, který vládl od roku 1009 do roku 1010 a od roku 1013 do roku 1016 v Al-Andalusii. V roce 1009 využil zaneprázdnění Muhammada II. al-Mahdi, který bojoval proti Alfonsovi V. a provedl palácový převrat. držel v Córdobě právoplatného vládce Hishama II. jako rukojmí. Sulayman převzal vedení berberské armády, která Muhammada opustila a s přispěním Sancha García z Kastilie, dokázal 1. listopadu 1009 porazit Muhammada II. al-Mahdi v bitvě u Alcoley. Zatímco Muhammad II. utekl do Toleda, Sulayman vstoupil do Córdoby, osvobodil právoplatného chalífu Hishama II., ale jen na krátkou dobu, neboť Sulaymanova berbereská armáda jej ustanovila novým chalífou s titulem (laqab) al-Musta'in bi-llah (Ten, kdo usiluje o Boží pomoc). Sulayman přesto nebyl schopen dobýt Toledo. V květnu roku 1010 Muhammad II. postavil vlastní armádu složenou ze žoldáků z celé Evropy. Spojil se s hrabětem Ramonem Borrellem z Barcelony, porazil Sulaymana a znovu dobyl Córdobu, zničenou katalánskými vojáky. Muhammad II. al-Mahdi byl znovu ustanoven chalífou, ale jeho žoldnéři ho v červenci zavraždili a obnovili vládu Hishama II. Po útěku do města Algeciras se Sulaymanovi podařilo v roce 1013 znovu s berberskou pomocí dobýt Córdobu a vrátit vládu opět Hishamovi II. Jeho politika ústupků berberským, arabským a žoldáckým vojskům a jejich vůdcům omezila autoritu chalífátu pouze na Córdobu. Mezitím Ziridové z Granady vytvořily nezávislou dynastii. V roce 1016 byla Córdoba napadena velkou berberskou armádou pod vedením Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasira, zvaného Hammudid, guvernéra z Ceuty, který si Córdobu 1. července 1016 podmanil. Sulayman byl uvězněn a krátce poté byl sťat. (cs)
  • Sulayman al-Mustaín bi-L·lah —en àrab: سليمان المستعين بالله, Sulaymān al-Mustaʿīn bi-Llāh— fou el cinquè califa omeia de Còrdova (1009-1010 i 1013-1016). (ca)
  • Sulaimán al-Mustaín (en árabe, سليمان المستعين بالله الثاني sulaymān al-musta‘īn bi-llāh al-ṯānī) fue el quinto califa omeya del Califato de Córdoba, en el 1009 y desde el 1013 hasta el 1016. (es)
  • Sulaiman al-Mustain edo Sulaiman ibn al-Hakam (arabieraz: سليمان الثاني‎) Kordobako bostgarren omeiatar kalifa izan zen bitan, 1009 eta 1010 artean eta 1013 eta 1016 artean. (eu)
  • Al-Musta'în bi-llah Sulayman ibn al-Hakam ou Sulayman est calife omeyyade de Cordoue de 1009 à 1010 puis de 1013 à 1016. Il est mort le 1er juillet 1016. (fr)
  • Sulaiman II bin al-Hakam atau Sulaiman al-Musta'in (meninggal 1016) adalah Khalifah Kordoba ke-5, yang memimpin sejak tahun 1009 sampai 1010, dan tahun 1013 sampai 1016 di Al-Andalus (Moor dan Iberia). (in)
  • Sulaymān ibn al-Hakam "al-Mustaʿīn", in arabo سليمان الثاني (... – Cordova, luglio 1016), fu a due riprese Califfo omayyade del Califfato di Cordova (al-Andalus), dal 1009 al 1010 e, una seconda volta, dal 1013 al 1016. (it)
  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam or Sulayman al-Musta'in bi-llah (Arabic: سلیمان المستعین باللہ‎; died 1016) was the fifth Umayyad Caliph of Córdoba, ruling from 1009 to 1010, and from 1013 to 1016 in Al-Andalus. In 1009, after Muhammad II ibn Hisham had led a revolt against caliph Hisham II al-Hakam and imprisoned him, taking advantage of the fact that the kingdom's strongman, Abd al-Rahman Sanchuelo, was fighting in León against the Christian king Alfonso V, Sulayman took command of an army of Berbers who had abandoned Muhammad; by an alliance with count Sancho García of Castile, he was able to defeat Muhammad on November 1, 1009, in the battle of Alcolea. While Muhammad took refuge in Toledo, Sulayman entered Córdoba, which he allowed to be sacked by Berbers and Castillans; he freed and recognized caliph Hisham II, only to depose him after a few days. He was thus elected caliph by his Berber troops, assuming the title (laqab) of al-Musta'in bi-llah ("He Who Seeks for God's Help"). Sulayman was however unable to conquer Toledo. In May 1010 Muhammad, who had reorganized his troops of "slave" mercenaries from all over Europe and had allied with Count Ramon Borrell of Barcelona, defeated Sulayman and conquered Córdoba, which was plundered by the Catalans. Muhammad was made again caliph, but his mercenaries assassinated him in July and restored Hisham II. After he had withdrawn to Algeciras, Sulayman managed to reconquer Cordoba in 1013 with Berber help and depose Hisham II. His policy of concessions to Berbers, Arab and "slave" troops and leaders, effectively reduced the caliphate's authority to only Córdoba. In the meantime the Zirids of Granada formed an independent dynasty. In 1016 Córdoba was attacked by a large Berber army under the Hammudid governor of Ceuta, Ali ibn Hammud al-Nasir, who conquered it on 1 July 1016. Sulayman was imprisoned and, shortly afterwards, beheaded. (en)
  • Solimão I ibne Alacam (Sulaiman II ibn al-Hakan) ou Solimão Almostaim (em árabe: سليمان المستعين; romaniz.: Sulaiman al-Musta'in) foi o quinto califa de Córdoba, reinando entre 1009 e 1010 e, novamente, entre 1013 e 1016 em Alandalus (a Ibéria islâmica). (pt)
  • Сулейма́н (аль-Мустаин Абу Айуб Сулайман ибн Хакам, араб. سليمان الثاني‎, умер в 1016) — халиф Кордовы (1009—1010, 1013—1016), правнук Абд ар-Рахмана III, представитель династии Омейядов. (ru)
  • Suleiman II var den femte umayyadiske kalifen av Córdoba. Han regerade 1009-1010. Suleiman II efterträdde Mohammed II och följdes av Abd ar-Rahman IV. (sv)
  • Сулайман ібн аль-Хакам (*д/н — 1 липня 1016) — 5-й халіф Кордови у 1009—1010 та 1013—1016 роках. (uk)
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  • Al-Hakam bin Sulayman bin Abd ar-Rahman III (en)
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  • Thabiya (en)
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  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam (en)
  • سلیمان الثاني بن الحكم (en)
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  • أبو أيوب سليمان المستعين بالله (354 هـ - 407 هـ) الحاكم الثاني عشر والخليفة الخامس للدولة الأموية في الأندلس. (ar)
  • Sulayman al-Mustaín bi-L·lah —en àrab: سليمان المستعين بالله, Sulaymān al-Mustaʿīn bi-Llāh— fou el cinquè califa omeia de Còrdova (1009-1010 i 1013-1016). (ca)
  • Sulaimán al-Mustaín (en árabe, سليمان المستعين بالله الثاني sulaymān al-musta‘īn bi-llāh al-ṯānī) fue el quinto califa omeya del Califato de Córdoba, en el 1009 y desde el 1013 hasta el 1016. (es)
  • Sulaiman al-Mustain edo Sulaiman ibn al-Hakam (arabieraz: سليمان الثاني‎) Kordobako bostgarren omeiatar kalifa izan zen bitan, 1009 eta 1010 artean eta 1013 eta 1016 artean. (eu)
  • Al-Musta'în bi-llah Sulayman ibn al-Hakam ou Sulayman est calife omeyyade de Cordoue de 1009 à 1010 puis de 1013 à 1016. Il est mort le 1er juillet 1016. (fr)
  • Sulaiman II bin al-Hakam atau Sulaiman al-Musta'in (meninggal 1016) adalah Khalifah Kordoba ke-5, yang memimpin sejak tahun 1009 sampai 1010, dan tahun 1013 sampai 1016 di Al-Andalus (Moor dan Iberia). (in)
  • Sulaymān ibn al-Hakam "al-Mustaʿīn", in arabo سليمان الثاني (... – Cordova, luglio 1016), fu a due riprese Califfo omayyade del Califfato di Cordova (al-Andalus), dal 1009 al 1010 e, una seconda volta, dal 1013 al 1016. (it)
  • Solimão I ibne Alacam (Sulaiman II ibn al-Hakan) ou Solimão Almostaim (em árabe: سليمان المستعين; romaniz.: Sulaiman al-Musta'in) foi o quinto califa de Córdoba, reinando entre 1009 e 1010 e, novamente, entre 1013 e 1016 em Alandalus (a Ibéria islâmica). (pt)
  • Сулейма́н (аль-Мустаин Абу Айуб Сулайман ибн Хакам, араб. سليمان الثاني‎, умер в 1016) — халиф Кордовы (1009—1010, 1013—1016), правнук Абд ар-Рахмана III, представитель династии Омейядов. (ru)
  • Suleiman II var den femte umayyadiske kalifen av Córdoba. Han regerade 1009-1010. Suleiman II efterträdde Mohammed II och följdes av Abd ar-Rahman IV. (sv)
  • Сулайман ібн аль-Хакам (*д/н — 1 липня 1016) — 5-й халіф Кордови у 1009—1010 та 1013—1016 роках. (uk)
  • Sulajmán bin al-Hakam nebo Sulajmán al-Musta'ín bi-lláh (arabsky: سليمان المستعين بالله‎; zemřel 1016) byl 5. chalífa z dynastie Umajjovců, který vládl od roku 1009 do roku 1010 a od roku 1013 do roku 1016 v Al-Andalusii. (cs)
  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam or Sulayman al-Musta'in bi-llah (Arabic: سلیمان المستعین باللہ‎; died 1016) was the fifth Umayyad Caliph of Córdoba, ruling from 1009 to 1010, and from 1013 to 1016 in Al-Andalus. Sulayman was however unable to conquer Toledo. In May 1010 Muhammad, who had reorganized his troops of "slave" mercenaries from all over Europe and had allied with Count Ramon Borrell of Barcelona, defeated Sulayman and conquered Córdoba, which was plundered by the Catalans. Muhammad was made again caliph, but his mercenaries assassinated him in July and restored Hisham II. (en)
rdfs:label
  • سليمان المستعين بالله (ar)
  • Sulayman al-Mustaín (ca)
  • Sulajmán bin al-Hakam (cs)
  • Sulaiman al-Mustain (de)
  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam (en)
  • Sulaiman al-Mustain (eu)
  • Sulaimán al-Mustaín (es)
  • Sulayman ben al-Hakam (fr)
  • Sulaiman II dari Kordoba (in)
  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam, "al-Musta'in" (it)
  • Solimão Almostaim (pt)
  • Сулейман аль-Мустаин (ru)
  • Suleiman II (umayyaddynastin) (sv)
  • Сулайман ібн аль-Хакам (uk)
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  • Sulayman ibn al-Hakam (en)
  • سلیمان الثاني بن الحكم (en)
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