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A special member was a member of the Commonwealth of Nations whose participation was limited in certain functions. Originally, it was a status held by a few newly joined countries, whose involvement was limited by its own limited financial resources. More recently, the name has been changed to member in arrears, from the 2007 CHOGM on the recommendation of the Committee on Commonwealth Membership. The guidelines came from the 2003 CHOGM in Abuja that strengthened and replaced the 1999 CHOGM Durban guidelines.

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  • Anggota istimewa adalah anggota Persemakmuran Bangsa-Bangsa yang ikut sebatas dalam fungsi tertentu. Awalnya, status tersebut dipegang oleh beberapa negara yang baru bergabung, yang keterlibatannya terbatas oleh sumber daya keuangan mereka sendiri yang terbatas. Saat ini, namanya diubah menjadi member in arrears, from the on the recommendation of the . Paduannya datang dari di Abuja yang memperkuat dan menggantikan paduan di Durban. Mereka tidak diminta untuk membayar kepada Persemakmuran. Mereka menghadiri kebanyakan fungsi dan badan Persemakmuran, namun tidak diundang untuk menghadiri Pertemuan Kepala Pemerintahan Persemakmuran. Meskipun respek mereka terbatas, mereka masih dianggap menjadi anggota Persemakmuran. Status tersebut secara khusus dibuat untuk Nauru, yang memiliki pengecualian penduduk dan wilayahnya yang kecil. Nauru disusul oleh negara berdaulat Pasifik sejawatnya Tuvalu, dan kemudian Saint Vincent and the Grenadines dan Maladewa. Negara-negara tersebut meraih keanggotaan penuh sehingga tidak ada lagi anggota istimewa dari September 2000. Namun, Nauru jatuh di balik pembayaran subkripsinya, dan kembali menjadi anggota istimewa pada Juli 2005. Nauru kembali menjadi anggota penuh sejak Juni 2011. (in)
  • A special member was a member of the Commonwealth of Nations whose participation was limited in certain functions. Originally, it was a status held by a few newly joined countries, whose involvement was limited by its own limited financial resources. More recently, the name has been changed to member in arrears, from the 2007 CHOGM on the recommendation of the Committee on Commonwealth Membership. The guidelines came from the 2003 CHOGM in Abuja that strengthened and replaced the 1999 CHOGM Durban guidelines. They are not required to make payments to the Commonwealth. They may attend most functions and organs of the Commonwealth, but are not invited to attend Commonwealth Heads of Government Meetings. They are, although limited in these respects, still considered members of the Commonwealth. The status was created especially for Nauru, which had an exceptionally small population and area. Nauru was followed by fellow Pacific sovereign state Tuvalu, and then the larger Saint Vincent and the Grenadines and Maldives. These progressively gained full membership, leaving none from September 2000. However, Nauru fell behind on its subscription payments, and reverted to a special member in July 2005. Nauru has been a full member again since June 2011. (en)
  • 英联邦的特殊成员(英語:special member)指的是英联邦内在某些职能方面的参与受到限制的成员国。最初,英联邦的特殊成员是一些新加入英联邦的国家所拥有的地位,它们的参与受到其自身有限的财政资源的限制。后来,“特殊成员”改名为“欠费成员”(英語:member in arrears),这一改变是在乌干达首都坎帕拉举行的上根据的建议而做出的。这些指导建议来自于在尼日利亚首都阿布贾举行的,它们加强并取代了在南非城市德班举行的的指导建议。 英联邦的特殊成员并不需要缴纳会费,並拥有正式成员国的大部分职能,也参与大部分英联邦机构,但特殊成员国的政府首脑不被邀请出席。英联邦特殊成员虽然在这些方面受到限制,但仍被视为英联邦的成员。 英联邦特殊成员的地位一开始是专门为瑙鲁共和国创立的。因为瑙鲁作为世界上最小的岛国,其人口非常少,面积也非常小,不完全符合,所以瑙鲁于1968年1月31日独立以后,当年11月即成为英联邦的特殊成员。继瑙鲁之后于1978年10月1日独立的南太平洋岛国图瓦卢也获得了英联邦特殊成员地位,接着人口更多和面积更大的加勒比海岛国圣文森特和格林纳丁斯以及印度洋岛国马尔代夫共和国都相继获得这一地位。后来,上述国家逐渐获得了正式成员地位,自2000年9月图瓦卢转正之后英联邦内一度没有特殊成员。然而,由于瑙鲁在成为英联邦正式成员之后拖欠了会费,它于2006年1月恢复为特殊成员。也正是由于瑙鲁因欠费而再度成为英联邦特殊成员,自2007年11月开始,英联邦特殊成员改名为“欠费成员”。2011年6月26日,瑙鲁重新成为英联邦正式会员。现时,英联邦各成员国均为正式成员,没有特殊成员(欠费成员)。 (zh)
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  • Anggota istimewa adalah anggota Persemakmuran Bangsa-Bangsa yang ikut sebatas dalam fungsi tertentu. Awalnya, status tersebut dipegang oleh beberapa negara yang baru bergabung, yang keterlibatannya terbatas oleh sumber daya keuangan mereka sendiri yang terbatas. Saat ini, namanya diubah menjadi member in arrears, from the on the recommendation of the . Paduannya datang dari di Abuja yang memperkuat dan menggantikan paduan di Durban. (in)
  • A special member was a member of the Commonwealth of Nations whose participation was limited in certain functions. Originally, it was a status held by a few newly joined countries, whose involvement was limited by its own limited financial resources. More recently, the name has been changed to member in arrears, from the 2007 CHOGM on the recommendation of the Committee on Commonwealth Membership. The guidelines came from the 2003 CHOGM in Abuja that strengthened and replaced the 1999 CHOGM Durban guidelines. (en)
  • 英联邦的特殊成员(英語:special member)指的是英联邦内在某些职能方面的参与受到限制的成员国。最初,英联邦的特殊成员是一些新加入英联邦的国家所拥有的地位,它们的参与受到其自身有限的财政资源的限制。后来,“特殊成员”改名为“欠费成员”(英語:member in arrears),这一改变是在乌干达首都坎帕拉举行的上根据的建议而做出的。这些指导建议来自于在尼日利亚首都阿布贾举行的,它们加强并取代了在南非城市德班举行的的指导建议。 英联邦的特殊成员并不需要缴纳会费,並拥有正式成员国的大部分职能,也参与大部分英联邦机构,但特殊成员国的政府首脑不被邀请出席。英联邦特殊成员虽然在这些方面受到限制,但仍被视为英联邦的成员。 (zh)
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  • Keanggotaan istimewa Persemakmuran Bangsa-Bangsa (in)
  • Special membership of the Commonwealth of Nations (en)
  • 英联邦特殊成员 (zh)
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