About: Sparisoma

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Sparisoma is a genus of parrotfishes native to warmer parts of the Atlantic. FishBase recognizes 15 species in this genus, including S. rocha described from Trindade Island in 2010 and S. choati described from the East Atlantic in 2012. They are the most important grazers of algae in the Caribbean Sea, especially since sea urchins, especially Diadema, the other prominent consumers of algae, have been reduced in many places by a recent epidemic.

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  • Sparisoma (Synonyme: Callyodontiehthys Bleeker, 1861; Euscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896) ist eine Gattung der Papageifische, die mit 15 Arten im Mittelmeer, im östlichen und westlichen Atlantik und in der Karibik vorkommt. (de)
  • Sparisoma es un género de peces de la familia Scaridae en el orden de los Perciformes. (es)
  • Sparisoma is a genus of parrotfishes native to warmer parts of the Atlantic. FishBase recognizes 15 species in this genus, including S. rocha described from Trindade Island in 2010 and S. choati described from the East Atlantic in 2012. They are the most important grazers of algae in the Caribbean Sea, especially since sea urchins, especially Diadema, the other prominent consumers of algae, have been reduced in many places by a recent epidemic. The name was proposed by William John Swainson as a subgenus of Scarus. Sparus in Latin is a golden-headed fish, and soma means "body". The common spelling Sparisomus is incorrect. The size of parrotfishes of this genus range from the rather small-sized S. radians with a known maximum length of 20 cm (7.9 in) to the large S. viride, which reaches lengths of up to 64 cm (25 in). Members of this genus are sequential hermaphrodites, starting as females (known as the initial phase) and then changing to males (the terminal phase). However, some males are direct-developing, and these usually resemble the initial phase. These direct-developing and terminal phase males often display different mating strategies. In most species, the terminal phase is more colourful than the initial, but a notable exception to this rule is S. cretense. They use their pectoral fins to move; the caudal fin is reserved for rapid bursts of speed. The genus Sparisoma is fairly successful, but populations have been falling somewhat because of overfishing and other human activities. However, as mentioned above, it is the main grazer of algae, but since populations have been falling, the coral reefs may be at risk, because too much algae is deleterious to coral. (en)
  • Sparisoma est un genre de poissons marins tropicaux de la famille des Scaridae (« poissons-perroquets »), qui fait partie du vaste sous-ordre des Labroidei. Ce genre est limité à l'océan Atlantique tropical, sauf pour l'espèce Sparisoma cretense qui peut se retrouver dans les parties les plus chaudes de la Méditerranée. (fr)
  • Sparisoma è un genere di pesci ossei marini appartenente alla famiglia Scaridae. (it)
  • Sparisoma – rodzaj ryb okoniokształtnych z rodziny skarusowatych. (pl)
  • Sparisoma é um gênero de peixes da família Scaridae. (pt)
  • Sparisoma is een geslacht van straalvinnige vissen uit de familie van papegaaivissen (Scaridae). (nl)
  • Sparisoma är ett släkte av fiskar. Sparisoma ingår i familjen Scaridae. Kladogram enligt Catalogue of Life: (sv)
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  • 6985 (xsd:nonNegativeInteger)
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  • 1038582017 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:authority
  • Swainson, 1839 (en)
dbp:fossilRange
  • Middle Eocene to Present (en)
dbp:imageCaption
  • Sparisoma viride (en)
dbp:subdivision
  • See text. (en)
dbp:subdivisionRanks
  • Species (en)
dbp:synonyms
  • *Callyodontichthys (Bleeker, 1861) *Euscarus (Jordan & Evermann, 1896) (en)
dbp:taxon
  • Sparisoma (en)
dbp:typeSpecies
  • Scarus abildgaardi (en)
dbp:typeSpeciesAuthority
  • Bloch, 1791 (en)
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  • Sparisoma (Synonyme: Callyodontiehthys Bleeker, 1861; Euscarus Jordan & Evermann, 1896) ist eine Gattung der Papageifische, die mit 15 Arten im Mittelmeer, im östlichen und westlichen Atlantik und in der Karibik vorkommt. (de)
  • Sparisoma es un género de peces de la familia Scaridae en el orden de los Perciformes. (es)
  • Sparisoma est un genre de poissons marins tropicaux de la famille des Scaridae (« poissons-perroquets »), qui fait partie du vaste sous-ordre des Labroidei. Ce genre est limité à l'océan Atlantique tropical, sauf pour l'espèce Sparisoma cretense qui peut se retrouver dans les parties les plus chaudes de la Méditerranée. (fr)
  • Sparisoma è un genere di pesci ossei marini appartenente alla famiglia Scaridae. (it)
  • Sparisoma – rodzaj ryb okoniokształtnych z rodziny skarusowatych. (pl)
  • Sparisoma é um gênero de peixes da família Scaridae. (pt)
  • Sparisoma is een geslacht van straalvinnige vissen uit de familie van papegaaivissen (Scaridae). (nl)
  • Sparisoma är ett släkte av fiskar. Sparisoma ingår i familjen Scaridae. Kladogram enligt Catalogue of Life: (sv)
  • Sparisoma is a genus of parrotfishes native to warmer parts of the Atlantic. FishBase recognizes 15 species in this genus, including S. rocha described from Trindade Island in 2010 and S. choati described from the East Atlantic in 2012. They are the most important grazers of algae in the Caribbean Sea, especially since sea urchins, especially Diadema, the other prominent consumers of algae, have been reduced in many places by a recent epidemic. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Sparisoma (en)
  • Sparisoma (de)
  • Sparisoma (es)
  • Sparisoma (fr)
  • Sparisoma (it)
  • Sparisoma (pt)
  • Sparisoma (nl)
  • Sparisoma (pl)
  • Sparisoma (sv)
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