About: Shugodai

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Shugodai (守護代, shugodai) were officials during feudal Japan. Shugodai were representatives of provincial shugo when the shugo could not exercise his power, being often away from his province. Unlike shugo, who were appointed from the central power, shugodai were locally appointed. * v * t * e

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  • 守護代(しゅごだい)とは、鎌倉時代と室町時代に守護の下に置かれた役職である。 (ja)
  • Les shugodai (守護代) sont des fonctionnaires durant la période féodale du Japon (antérieure à l'époque d'Edo). Ils représentent les shugo provinciaux lorsque ceux-ci ne peuvent exercer leur pouvoir, étant donné qu'ils sont souvent éloignés de leur province. Contrairement aux shugo qui sont nommés à partir du pouvoir central, les shugodai le sont localement. À la veille de l'époque Sengoku, les shugo renforcent leur emprise sur le pouvoir, conduisant à la disparition effective des shugodai. Cependant, profitant de l'affaiblissement de leur shugo (en guerre, etc.), certains shugodai deviennent seigneurs effectifs de leur province. Le clan Amago de la province d'Izumo est un exemple typique de shugodai devenu daimyo effectif d'une province. (fr)
  • Gli Shugodai (守護代 shugodai? erano ufficiali di governo durante il Giappone feudale (1185-1603.Erano rappresentanti provinciali degli shugo quando questi non potevano esercitare il loro potere, essendo spesso lontani dalle provincie. A differenza degli Shugo, che erano designati dal potere centrale, gli shugodai erano designati localmente. Gli shugo erano tenuti a risiedere a Kyoto, a garanzia del loro strettissimo legame col potere centrale. Col tempo, le famiglie degli shugo si divisero in più rami e i loro patrimoni si frantumarono in proprietà sempre più piccole che vennero affidate a vassalli. Intorno al XIII secolo, la rete di vassalli cominciò a rispondere militarmente e a prestare obbedienza non più allo shogun bensì allo shugodai, che meglio poteva garantire loro protezione e appoggio. Un esempio tipico di Shugodai che divenne daimyō è il clan Amago della provincia di Izumo. (it)
  • Shugodai (守護代, shugodai) were officials during feudal Japan. Shugodai were representatives of provincial shugo when the shugo could not exercise his power, being often away from his province. Unlike shugo, who were appointed from the central power, shugodai were locally appointed. At the brink of the Sengoku period, most shugo strengthened their grip on power, leading to the effective disappearance of their shugodai. However, taking advantage of the weakening of their Shugo due to war or other circumstance, some shugodai became the effective lords of their provinces. A typical example of shugodai becoming effective daimyōs would be Oda Nobuhide, the Oda clan of Owari Province. * v * t * e (en)
  • 守護代是日本中世武家體制下,令制國「守護」的代理職(日语:代官)。在戰國時代「下剋上」(幕府權威衰落、武家上層體制喪失約束力)的背景下,許多守護大名家的重臣得以守護代名義攬權,實質掌控領國。 (zh)
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  • yes (en)
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  • December 2009 (en)
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  • 守護代(しゅごだい)とは、鎌倉時代と室町時代に守護の下に置かれた役職である。 (ja)
  • 守護代是日本中世武家體制下,令制國「守護」的代理職(日语:代官)。在戰國時代「下剋上」(幕府權威衰落、武家上層體制喪失約束力)的背景下,許多守護大名家的重臣得以守護代名義攬權,實質掌控領國。 (zh)
  • Les shugodai (守護代) sont des fonctionnaires durant la période féodale du Japon (antérieure à l'époque d'Edo). Ils représentent les shugo provinciaux lorsque ceux-ci ne peuvent exercer leur pouvoir, étant donné qu'ils sont souvent éloignés de leur province. Contrairement aux shugo qui sont nommés à partir du pouvoir central, les shugodai le sont localement. (fr)
  • Shugodai (守護代, shugodai) were officials during feudal Japan. Shugodai were representatives of provincial shugo when the shugo could not exercise his power, being often away from his province. Unlike shugo, who were appointed from the central power, shugodai were locally appointed. * v * t * e (en)
  • Gli Shugodai (守護代 shugodai? erano ufficiali di governo durante il Giappone feudale (1185-1603.Erano rappresentanti provinciali degli shugo quando questi non potevano esercitare il loro potere, essendo spesso lontani dalle provincie. A differenza degli Shugo, che erano designati dal potere centrale, gli shugodai erano designati localmente. Un esempio tipico di Shugodai che divenne daimyō è il clan Amago della provincia di Izumo. (it)
rdfs:label
  • Shugodai (fr)
  • Shugodai (it)
  • 守護代 (ja)
  • 슈고다이 (ko)
  • Shugodai (en)
  • 守護代 (zh)
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