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Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Russian: Андреевский собор) was the last Baroque cathedral built in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The cathedral was conceived at the time of Peter the Great as the chapter church of Russia's first chivalric order, that of Saint Andrew. The most famous architect of the Nordic countries, Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, was called upon to design a church resembling St Paul's Cathedral in London and exceeding 430 feet in length.

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  • Chrám svatého Andreje (rusky Андреевский собор) je chrám ruské pravoslavné církve na Vasiljevském ostrově v Petrohradě. Patří mezi skvosty ruské sakrální architektury 18. století. (cs)
  • كاتدرائية سانت أندرو ( (بالروسية: Андреевский собор)‏ كانت آخر كاتدرائية باروكية بنيت في سانت بطرسبرغ ، روسيا . بنیت الكاتدرائية في زمن بطرس الأكبر كنيسة روسية تسمى كنيسة القديس أندرو. تم استدعاء المهندس المعماري الأكثر شهرة في بلدان الشمال الأوروبي، نيقوديموس تيسين الأصغر، لتصميم كنيسة تشبه كنيسة كاتدرائية القديس بطرس في روما وتتجاوز طولها 430 قدمًا. قدم تسن تصاميمه عندما مات القيصر وتم تعليق المشروع المكلف. بعد ذلك بعامين، بنى جوزيبي تيرزيني، وهو مهندس معماري حضري في سانت بطرسبرغ، كنيسة خشبية صغيرة خلف الكليات الإثني عشر، والتي كرستها سانت أندرو في 8 أكتوبر 1732 بواسطة فوفان بروكوبوفيتش. كانت بنية عقلانية تقشفية مع القليل من الذرائع الأسلوبية. تبرعت الملكة آنا بأثاث للكنيسة، في حين تم أخذ عرض أيقونة الأرثوذكسية من كنيسة قصر مينشيكوف المجاور. منذ العثور على كنيسة خشبية صغيرة جدًا للعثور على مجتمعات متنامية، فقد صممت تريزيني كنيسة حجرية، تأسست في 2 يوليو 1740 بالقرب من الكاتدرائية الخشبية. تم بناء قشرة الكنيسة في غضون خمس سنوات، لكن أعمال الديكور حالت دون تكريسها حتى عام 1760. كان هنا أن أدى ميخائيل لومونوسوف وفاسيلي تريدياكوفسكي اليمين الدستورية كأستاذين في الأكاديمية الإمبراطورية للعلوم في 30 يوليو 1745. المعبد الذي تم تحديده على أنه "الرجال الثلاثة القدامى"، لا يزال قائما. (ar)
  • La cathédrale Saint-André (en russe : Андреевский собор) est la dernière cathédrale baroque construite à Saint-Pétersbourg, en Russie. La cathédrale a été conçue à l'époque de Pierre le Grand comme l'église capitulaire du premier ordre chevaleresque de Russie, l'ordre de Saint-André. L'architecte le plus célèbre des pays nordiques, Nicodème Tessin le Jeune, a été appelé à concevoir une église ressemblant à la basilique Saint-Pierre de Rome. (fr)
  • Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Russian: Андреевский собор) was the last Baroque cathedral built in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The cathedral was conceived at the time of Peter the Great as the chapter church of Russia's first chivalric order, that of Saint Andrew. The most famous architect of the Nordic countries, Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, was called upon to design a church resembling St Paul's Cathedral in London and exceeding 430 feet in length. By the time Tessin submitted his designs, the tsar had died and the costly project was suspended. Two years later, , a city architect to St. Petersburg, had the territory behind the building of the Twelve Colleges cleared from wood and built a modest timber church, which was consecrated by Feofan Prokopovich in the name of Saint Andrew on 8 October 1732. It was an austerely rational structure with few stylistic pretensions. Empress Anna donated furnishings to the church, while the icon screen required by Orthodox usage was taken from a chapel of the neighbouring Menshikov Palace. As the timber church was found too small to house its increasing congregation, Trezzini designed a stone church, which was founded on 2 July 1740 in the proximity of the timber cathedral. The shell of the church was erected within five years, but decoration works prevented its consecration until 1760. It was here that Mikhail Lomonosov and Vasily Trediakovsky were sworn in as professors of the Imperial Academy of Sciences on 30 July 1745. The structure, dedicated in the name of Three Holy Men, still stands. On 4 July 1761 the wooden cathedral was struck by lightning and burnt to the ground. The architect Alexander Whist (1722–94) was charged with the task of designing a new cathedral of stone. Though founded on 18 July 1764, the church took 22 years to complete. A delay was due to the collapse of its cupola on 6 August 1766, a disaster which led to the architect being taken into custody. It was not until 21 March 1780 that the five-domed pastel pink cathedral was consecrated. The decoration of the cathedral is restrained (picture), although Emperor Paul, in reasserting its importance as the chapter church of the oldest Russian order of knighthood, had the entrance decorated with a relief representing the order carried by two angels. A special place was reserved in the cathedral for the tsar until 1813. The pyramidal bell-tower, attached to the church by a refectory, was built in two tiers in 1784-86 and formerly boasted ten bells, the largest of which weighed in excess of four tons. The top of the belfry was remodeled in 1850. Seven years later, the cathedral interior was renovated and the 18th-century icon screen augmented. Furthermore, when the first permanent bridge across the Neva was built in the 1850s, a chapel on the bridge became affiliated with the cathedral. After the Russian Revolution of 1917, the Bolsheviks confiscated many valuables from the church. On 24 April 1924 a crowd of several hundred worshipers attempted to defend the icons and clashed with the members of the "expropriation committee". As a consequence of the disorders, the cathedral was given over to the renovationists, a state-sponsored sect which sought to reconcile the ideals of Christianity and Communism. On 16 May 1938 the cathedral was closed down, its priests arrested and the bells destroyed. However, the impressive baroque iconostasis was restored, while a 17th-century icon with the portraits of Patriarch Nikon and Tsar Alexis was taken to the Russian Museum. During the Siege of Leningrad, the dome was equipped with cannons which helped protect the area from intensive bombing. In 1992 the cathedral of St. Andrew and the church of Three Holy Men were returned to the Russian Orthodox Church. In 2001, an obelisk was unveiled in front of the church to commemorate the tercentenary of the restored Order of St. Andrew. (en)
  • De Kathedraal van de Heilige Andreas (Russisch: собор святого апостола Андрея Первозванного) is een Russisch-orthodoxe kathedraal op het Vasiljevski-eiland in Sint-Petersburg. De kathedraal is de laatste barokke kathedraal die gebouwd werd in de stad. (nl)
  • Собор Святого Апостола Андрея Первозванного (Андре́евский собо́р) — православный храм на Васильевском острове в Санкт-Петербурге, стоящий на пересечении Большого проспекта и 6-й линии. Памятник архитектуры XVIII века. От Андреевского собора происходит название расположенного рядом Андреевского рынка. Являлся капитульным храмом ордена Святого Андрея Первозванного. Храм относится к Санкт-Петербургской епархии Русской православной церкви, входит в состав . Настоятель — протоиерей Михаил Мокрополов. (ru)
  • A Catedral de Santo André (em russo: Андреевский собор) foi a última catedral barroca construída em São Petersburgo, na Rússia. A catedral foi concebida durante o reinado de Pedro I como igreja sede da primeira ordem de cavalaria da Rússia, a Ordem de Santo André. O arquiteto mais famoso dos países nórdicos, Nicodemus Tessin, o Jovem foi chamado para projetar uma igreja similar à Basílica de São Pedro em Roma e com largura superior a 130 metros. Quando Tessin enviou os seus projetos, o Czar já estava morto e o projeto custoso foi suspenso. Dois anos depois, Giuseppe Trezzini, um arquiteto de São Petersburgo, limpou o terreno atrás dos Doze Colégios e construiu uma modesta igreja de madeira, que foi consagrada por em nome de Santo André em 8 de outubro de 1732 no Calendário juliano. Era uma estrutura austeramente racional com poucas pretensões estilísticas. A Imperatriz Ana doou mobílias à igreja, enquanto que o iconostásio, necessário para uso ortodoxo, veio de uma capela do vizinho Palácio Menchikov. Como a igreja de madeira se tornou pequena demais para alojar a sua crescente congregação, Trezzini projetou uma igreja de alvenaria, que foi fundada em 2 de julho de 1740 nas proximidades da catedral de madeira. O domo da igreja foi erguido dentro de cinco anos, mas trabalhos de decoração impediram a sua consegração até 1760. Foi aqui que Mikhail Lomonossov e foram juramentados professores da Academia Imperial de Ciências em 30 de julho de 1760. A estrutura, dedicada aos Três Hierarcas Sagrados, ainda existe. Em 4 de julho de 1761 a catedral de madeira foi atingida por um relâmpago e queimou completamente. O arquiteto Alexander Whites (1722 - 1794) foi engarregado com a tarefa de projetar uma nova catedral de pedra. Apesar de sua fundação datar de 18 de julho de 1764, a construção levou 22 anos para ser concluída. Um atraso foi por causa do colapso da cúpula em 6 de agosto de 1766, um desastre que levou ao arquiteto ser levado sob custódia. Apenas em 21 de março de 1780 a catedral rosa pastel de cinco domos foi consagrada. A decoração é sóbria, apesar de que Paulo I, ao reafirmar sua importância como igreja capitular da mais antiga ordem de cavalaria russa, teve a entrada decorada com um relevo representando a ordem carregada por dois anjos. Um lugar especial foi reservado para o Czar na catedral até 1813. A torre piramidal do sino, anexada à igreja por um refeitório, foi construída em duas camadas em 1784 - 1786 e anteriormente ostentava dez sinos, dos quais o maior pesada mais de quatro toneladas. O topo do campanário foi remodelado em 1850. Sete anos depois, o interior da catedral foi renovado e o iconostásio do século XVII expandido. Posteriormente, quando a primeira ponte permanente atravessando o Rio Neva foi construída nos anos 1850, uma capela na ponte foi afiliada à catedral. Depois da Revolução de Outubro, os bolcheviques confiscaram muitos bens da igreja. Em 24 de abril de 1924 uma multidão de centenas de fiéis tentaram defender os ícones e colidiram com os membros do "comitê de expropiação". Como consequência das revoltas, a catedral foi dada aos , uma seita patrocinada pela URSS que buscou reconciliar os ideias cristãos e comunistas. Em 16 de maio de 1938 a catedral foi fecada, seus padres presos e os sinos destruídos. No entanto, o grandioso iconostásio barroco foi restaurado, enquanto que um ícone do século XVII portrando o Patriarca Nikon de Moscou e Czar Aleixo foi levado para o Museu Russo. Durante o cerco de Leningrado, o domo foi equipado com canhões que ajudaram a proteger a região de bombardeamento intensivo. Em 1992 a catedral de Santo André e a igreja dos Três Hierarcas Sagrados retornaram à Igreja Ortodoxa Russa. Em 2001, um obelisco foi construído em frente à igreja para comemorar o tricentenário da restaurada Ordem de Santo André. (pt)
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  • Chrám svatého Andreje (rusky Андреевский собор) je chrám ruské pravoslavné církve na Vasiljevském ostrově v Petrohradě. Patří mezi skvosty ruské sakrální architektury 18. století. (cs)
  • La cathédrale Saint-André (en russe : Андреевский собор) est la dernière cathédrale baroque construite à Saint-Pétersbourg, en Russie. La cathédrale a été conçue à l'époque de Pierre le Grand comme l'église capitulaire du premier ordre chevaleresque de Russie, l'ordre de Saint-André. L'architecte le plus célèbre des pays nordiques, Nicodème Tessin le Jeune, a été appelé à concevoir une église ressemblant à la basilique Saint-Pierre de Rome. (fr)
  • De Kathedraal van de Heilige Andreas (Russisch: собор святого апостола Андрея Первозванного) is een Russisch-orthodoxe kathedraal op het Vasiljevski-eiland in Sint-Petersburg. De kathedraal is de laatste barokke kathedraal die gebouwd werd in de stad. (nl)
  • Собор Святого Апостола Андрея Первозванного (Андре́евский собо́р) — православный храм на Васильевском острове в Санкт-Петербурге, стоящий на пересечении Большого проспекта и 6-й линии. Памятник архитектуры XVIII века. От Андреевского собора происходит название расположенного рядом Андреевского рынка. Являлся капитульным храмом ордена Святого Андрея Первозванного. Храм относится к Санкт-Петербургской епархии Русской православной церкви, входит в состав . Настоятель — протоиерей Михаил Мокрополов. (ru)
  • كاتدرائية سانت أندرو ( (بالروسية: Андреевский собор)‏ كانت آخر كاتدرائية باروكية بنيت في سانت بطرسبرغ ، روسيا . بنیت الكاتدرائية في زمن بطرس الأكبر كنيسة روسية تسمى كنيسة القديس أندرو. تم استدعاء المهندس المعماري الأكثر شهرة في بلدان الشمال الأوروبي، نيقوديموس تيسين الأصغر، لتصميم كنيسة تشبه كنيسة كاتدرائية القديس بطرس في روما وتتجاوز طولها 430 قدمًا. (ar)
  • Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Russian: Андреевский собор) was the last Baroque cathedral built in Saint Petersburg, Russia. The cathedral was conceived at the time of Peter the Great as the chapter church of Russia's first chivalric order, that of Saint Andrew. The most famous architect of the Nordic countries, Nicodemus Tessin the Younger, was called upon to design a church resembling St Paul's Cathedral in London and exceeding 430 feet in length. (en)
  • A Catedral de Santo André (em russo: Андреевский собор) foi a última catedral barroca construída em São Petersburgo, na Rússia. A catedral foi concebida durante o reinado de Pedro I como igreja sede da primeira ordem de cavalaria da Rússia, a Ordem de Santo André. O arquiteto mais famoso dos países nórdicos, Nicodemus Tessin, o Jovem foi chamado para projetar uma igreja similar à Basílica de São Pedro em Roma e com largura superior a 130 metros. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • كاتدرائية سانت أندرو (سانت بطرسبرغ) (ar)
  • Chrám svatého Ondřeje (Petrohrad) (cs)
  • Cathédrale Saint-André de Saint-Pétersbourg (fr)
  • Andreaskathedraal (Sint-Petersburg) (nl)
  • Saint Andrew's Cathedral (Saint Petersburg) (en)
  • Catedral de Santo André (São Petersburgo) (pt)
  • Андреевский собор (Санкт-Петербург) (ru)
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