About: Ruled variety

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In algebraic geometry, a variety over a field k is ruled if it is birational to the product of the projective line with some variety over k. A variety is uniruled if it is covered by a family of rational curves. (More precisely, a variety X is uniruled if there is a variety Y and a dominant rational map Y × P1 – → X which does not factor through the projection to Y.) The concept arose from the ruled surfaces of 19th-century geometry, meaning surfaces in affine space or projective space which are covered by lines. Uniruled varieties can be considered to be relatively simple among all varieties, although there are many of them.

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  • 代数幾何学では、体 k 上の代数多様体が線織多様体(ruled variety)とは、k 上の何らかの多様体と射影直線との積と双有理同値となる場合をいう。単線織多様体(uniruled variety)とは、有理曲線の族により被覆されている多様体をいう。(より詳しくは、多様体 X が単線織であるとは、ある多様体 Y と(dominant rational map) Y × P1 → X が存在し、Y への射影を通して分解することができない写像であるときをいう。)この考え方は、直線により覆われるアフィン空間や射影空間の中の曲面を意味する 19世紀の幾何学の(ruled surface)の考え方から現れた。単線織多様体は、多数存在するにもかかわらず、すべての多様体の中では比較的単純であると考えるられている。 (ja)
  • In algebraic geometry, a variety over a field k is ruled if it is birational to the product of the projective line with some variety over k. A variety is uniruled if it is covered by a family of rational curves. (More precisely, a variety X is uniruled if there is a variety Y and a dominant rational map Y × P1 – → X which does not factor through the projection to Y.) The concept arose from the ruled surfaces of 19th-century geometry, meaning surfaces in affine space or projective space which are covered by lines. Uniruled varieties can be considered to be relatively simple among all varieties, although there are many of them. (en)
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  • 代数幾何学では、体 k 上の代数多様体が線織多様体(ruled variety)とは、k 上の何らかの多様体と射影直線との積と双有理同値となる場合をいう。単線織多様体(uniruled variety)とは、有理曲線の族により被覆されている多様体をいう。(より詳しくは、多様体 X が単線織であるとは、ある多様体 Y と(dominant rational map) Y × P1 → X が存在し、Y への射影を通して分解することができない写像であるときをいう。)この考え方は、直線により覆われるアフィン空間や射影空間の中の曲面を意味する 19世紀の幾何学の(ruled surface)の考え方から現れた。単線織多様体は、多数存在するにもかかわらず、すべての多様体の中では比較的単純であると考えるられている。 (ja)
  • In algebraic geometry, a variety over a field k is ruled if it is birational to the product of the projective line with some variety over k. A variety is uniruled if it is covered by a family of rational curves. (More precisely, a variety X is uniruled if there is a variety Y and a dominant rational map Y × P1 – → X which does not factor through the projection to Y.) The concept arose from the ruled surfaces of 19th-century geometry, meaning surfaces in affine space or projective space which are covered by lines. Uniruled varieties can be considered to be relatively simple among all varieties, although there are many of them. (en)
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  • 単線織多様体 (ja)
  • 선직다양체 (ko)
  • Ruled variety (en)
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