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The Pietroasele Treasure (or the Petrossa Treasure) found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837, is a late fourth-century Gothic treasure that included some twenty-two objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art. Of the twenty-two pieces, only twelve have survived, conserved at the National Museum of Romanian History, in Bucharest: a large eagle-headed fibula and three smaller ones encrusted with semi-precious stones; a patera, or round sacrificial dish, modelled with Orphic figures surrounding a seated three-dimensional goddess in the center; a twelve-sided cup, a ring with a Gothic runic inscription, a large tray, two other necklaces and a pitcher. Their multiple styles, in which Han Chinese styles have been noted in the belt buckles,

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  • Der Schatz von Pietroasa bezeichnet einen archäologischen Fund in Rumänien aus der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Dieser Schatz wurde auf der Weltausstellung Paris 1867 gezeigt und bekam wegen der vier in Vogelform gestalteten Fibeln den Beinamen Cloșca cu puii de aur – Die Henne mit den goldenen Küken. Ausgestellt ist der Schatz im Historischen Nationalmuseum von Bukarest. (de)
  • The Pietroasele Treasure (or the Petrossa Treasure) found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837, is a late fourth-century Gothic treasure that included some twenty-two objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art. Of the twenty-two pieces, only twelve have survived, conserved at the National Museum of Romanian History, in Bucharest: a large eagle-headed fibula and three smaller ones encrusted with semi-precious stones; a patera, or round sacrificial dish, modelled with Orphic figures surrounding a seated three-dimensional goddess in the center; a twelve-sided cup, a ring with a Gothic runic inscription, a large tray, two other necklaces and a pitcher. Their multiple styles, in which Han Chinese styles have been noted in the belt buckles, Hellenistic styles in the golden bowls, Sasanian motifs in the baskets, and Germanic fashions in the fibulae, are characteristic of the cosmopolitan outlook of the Cernjachov culture in a region without defined topographic confines. When Alexandru Odobescu published his book on the treasure, he considered that such magnificent work could only have belonged to Athanaric (died 381), leader of the Thervings, a Gothic people. Modern archaeologists cannot connect the hoard with such a glamorous name. The treasure was shipped to Russia in December 1916, as German armies advanced through Romania in World War I, and was not returned until 1956. An atomic analysis of the Pietroasele gold hoard has concluded that from the point of view of Ir/Au, Cu/Au and Ag/Au concentrations the three styles are clustered. At least from the iridium concentration data, the assumption of a Dacian provenance of the hoard raw material is highly improbable as also the hypothesis that Roman imperial gold coins were used for manufacturing Pietroasa artifacts is not in accordance with the elemental concentrations. Old photos show that the head of the largest bird brooch was originally detached, and the present restoration has the head on the wrong way round. In its original state the head would have faced forwards and the brooch would have sat like a bird on the shoulder fastening a cloak in imitation of the Roman fashion. (en)
  • Le trésor de Pietroasa ou trésor de Pietroasele, est un trésor archéologique découvert en 1837 par un fermier, dans le village de Pietroasele (Județ de Buzău, actuelle Roumanie). Composé initialement de 22 pièces, dont 12 ont disparu durant leur "séjour" en URSS, le trésor est exposé au Musée national d'histoire de Roumanie. (fr)
  • Il tesoro di Pietroasele (o tesoro di Petrossa), ritrovato nel 1837 a Pietroasele, Romania, risale al IV secolo ed è composto di ventidue oggetti gotici comprendenti alcuni manufatti in oro. È considerato uno dei migliori esempi di stile policromo di arte barbarica. (it)
  • Клад Петроасы (рум. Tezaurul de la Pietroasa) — археологическая находка в Румынии. Клад был найден в 1837 году вблизи коммуны , жудец Бузэу. В 1867 году румынский историк и археолог Александру Одобеску организовал показ клада на Всемирной выставке в Париже. Эвакуированный в Россию в 1917 году из-за наступления немецких войск вместе с казной Национального банка Румынии клад Петроасы был возвращён СССР в Румынию в 1956 году. Некоторые авторы относят клад к везиготам и датируют третьей четвертью 4 века, другие датируют его 1-й половиной 5 века и соотносят с остготами. Является одним самых известных примеров полихромного стиля искусства периода миграций. Состоял из двадцати двух предметов, из которых сохранились лишь двенадцать золотых изделий общим весом около 19 кг. Среди них кольцо, патера, ойнохоя, чаши, гривны, 4 фибулы. Клад хранится в Национальном музее истории Румынии в Бухаресте. (ru)
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  • Der Schatz von Pietroasa bezeichnet einen archäologischen Fund in Rumänien aus der ersten Hälfte des 19. Jahrhunderts. Dieser Schatz wurde auf der Weltausstellung Paris 1867 gezeigt und bekam wegen der vier in Vogelform gestalteten Fibeln den Beinamen Cloșca cu puii de aur – Die Henne mit den goldenen Küken. Ausgestellt ist der Schatz im Historischen Nationalmuseum von Bukarest. (de)
  • Le trésor de Pietroasa ou trésor de Pietroasele, est un trésor archéologique découvert en 1837 par un fermier, dans le village de Pietroasele (Județ de Buzău, actuelle Roumanie). Composé initialement de 22 pièces, dont 12 ont disparu durant leur "séjour" en URSS, le trésor est exposé au Musée national d'histoire de Roumanie. (fr)
  • Il tesoro di Pietroasele (o tesoro di Petrossa), ritrovato nel 1837 a Pietroasele, Romania, risale al IV secolo ed è composto di ventidue oggetti gotici comprendenti alcuni manufatti in oro. È considerato uno dei migliori esempi di stile policromo di arte barbarica. (it)
  • The Pietroasele Treasure (or the Petrossa Treasure) found in Pietroasele, Buzău, Romania, in 1837, is a late fourth-century Gothic treasure that included some twenty-two objects of gold, among the most famous examples of the polychrome style of Migration Period art. Of the twenty-two pieces, only twelve have survived, conserved at the National Museum of Romanian History, in Bucharest: a large eagle-headed fibula and three smaller ones encrusted with semi-precious stones; a patera, or round sacrificial dish, modelled with Orphic figures surrounding a seated three-dimensional goddess in the center; a twelve-sided cup, a ring with a Gothic runic inscription, a large tray, two other necklaces and a pitcher. Their multiple styles, in which Han Chinese styles have been noted in the belt buckles, (en)
  • Клад Петроасы (рум. Tezaurul de la Pietroasa) — археологическая находка в Румынии. Клад был найден в 1837 году вблизи коммуны , жудец Бузэу. В 1867 году румынский историк и археолог Александру Одобеску организовал показ клада на Всемирной выставке в Париже. Эвакуированный в Россию в 1917 году из-за наступления немецких войск вместе с казной Национального банка Румынии клад Петроасы был возвращён СССР в Румынию в 1956 году. Некоторые авторы относят клад к везиготам и датируют третьей четвертью 4 века, другие датируют его 1-й половиной 5 века и соотносят с остготами. (ru)
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  • Tresor de Pietroasele (ca)
  • Schatz von Pietroasa (de)
  • Trésor de Pietroasa (fr)
  • Pietroasele Treasure (en)
  • Tesoro di Pietroasele (it)
  • Клад Петроасы (ru)
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