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Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a social class of patrician families, whose members were initially the only people allowed to exercise many political functions. In the rise of European towns in the 12th and 13th century, the patriciate, a limited group of families with a special constitutional position, in Henri Pirenne's view, was the motive force. In 19th century Central Europe, the term had become synonymous with the upper Bourgeoisie and cannot be interchanged with the medieval patriciate in Central Europe. In German-speaking parts of Europe as well as in the maritime republics of the Italian Peninsula, the patricians were as a matter of fact the ruling body of the medieval town. Particularly in

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  • Ένας από τους σπουδαίους τίτλους στη Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία ήταν και αυτός του Πατρικίου. Ο τίτλος του Πατρικίου εισήχθηκε στο Βυζάντιο από τον Μέγα Κωνσταντίνο που όμως σε αντιδιαστολή μ΄ εκείνο του Πατρικίου της Ρώμης που αφορούσε αρχικά γένος, και στη συνέχεια εξελίχθηκε σε κληρονομικό τίτλο, αυτός του Βυζαντίου δεν ήταν κληρονομικός. Ο Βυζαντινός αυτός τίτλος αποδιδόταν με επίσημη ειδική τελετή στη Κωνσταντινούπολη και κυρίως σε πρόσωπα που είχαν συμβάλει επιτυχώς σε υπηρεσίες των Ανακτόρων, της Συγκλήτου και γενικά στη Βυζαντινή Διοίκηση. Ο τίτλος του Πατρικίου αποδόθηκε καταχρηστικά από τον Παπικό θρόνο στο Βασιλιά των Φράγκων τον 8ο αιώνα, εκ του οποίου γεγονότος και στη συνέχεια έφερε τον επίσημο τίτλο "Πατρίκιος των Ρωμαίων" (Patricius Romanorum), και τούτο προκειμένου έτσι να δηλωθεί η ευθύνη του για τη προστασία της Αγίας Έδρας και κατ΄ επέκταση της Ρώμης (el)
  • Patrizier (Latein: patricius, Griechisch: πατρίκιος) war die Bezeichnung für Angehörige des römisch-antiken Patriziats, der alteingesessenen und senatsfähigen Oberschicht im antiken Rom. Dieser Begriff wurde seit Anfang des 16. Jahrhunderts auch für die sozial relativ abgeschlossene Oberschicht in vielen mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Städten übernommen, die sich vor allem im 13. bis 15. Jahrhundert gebildet hatte. Dieses spätmittelalterliche und frühneuzeitliche Patriziat wird hier behandelt. Die aristokratische Herrschaft des bürgerlichen Patriziats wird als Städtearistokratie bezeichnet. (de)
  • Patricien (latin : patricius, grec : πατρίκιος) était le terme utilisé pour désigner les membres de la classe supérieure établie de longue date dans la Rome antique. Par analogie, la classe supérieure socialement relativement fermée est appelée patriciat dans de nombreuses villes médiévales et modernes. La règle aristocratique du patriciat bourgeois s'appelle l'aristocratie urbaine. (fr)
  • Patrizio è un titolo nobiliare di antica origine, tipicamente italiano, in uso presso alcuni comuni medievali e presso le repubbliche aristocratiche. (it)
  • Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a social class of patrician families, whose members were initially the only people allowed to exercise many political functions. In the rise of European towns in the 12th and 13th century, the patriciate, a limited group of families with a special constitutional position, in Henri Pirenne's view, was the motive force. In 19th century Central Europe, the term had become synonymous with the upper Bourgeoisie and cannot be interchanged with the medieval patriciate in Central Europe. In German-speaking parts of Europe as well as in the maritime republics of the Italian Peninsula, the patricians were as a matter of fact the ruling body of the medieval town. Particularly in Italy, they were part of the nobility. With the establishment of the medieval towns, Italian city-states and maritime republics, the patriciate was a formally-defined social class of governing wealthy families. They were found in the Italian city-states and maritime republics, particularly in Venice, Genoa, Pisa and Amalfi. They were also found in many of the free imperial cities of the Holy Roman Empire, such as Nuremberg, Ravensburg, Augsburg, Konstanz, Lindau, Bern, Basel, Zurich and many more. As in Ancient Rome, patrician status could generally only be inherited. However, membership in the patriciate could be passed on through the female line. For example, if the union was approved by her parents, the husband of a patrician daughter was granted membership in the patrician society of the Imperial Free City of Lindau as a matter of right, on the same terms as the younger son of a patrician male (i.e., upon payment of a nominal fee), even if the husband was otherwise deemed socially ineligible. Accession to a patriciate through this mechanism was referred to as "erweibern." In any case, only male patricians could hold, or participate in elections for, most political offices. Often, as in Venice, non-patricians had almost no political rights. Lists were maintained of who had the status, of which the most famous is the Libro d'Oro (Golden Book) of the Venetian Republic. From the fall of the Hohenstaufen (1268), city-republics increasingly became principalities, like the Duchy of Milan and the Lordship of Verona. The smaller ones were swallowed up by monarchical states or sometimes other republics, like Pisa and Siena by Florence. Following these developments, any special role for the local patricians was restricted to municipal affairs. The few remaining patrician constitutions, notably those of Venice and Genoa, were swept away by the conquering French armies of the period after the French Revolution, although many patrician families remained socially and politically important, as some do to this day. In the modern era the term "patrician" is also used broadly for the higher bourgeoisie (not to be equated with aristocracy) in many countries; in some countries it vaguely refers to the non-noble upper class, especially before the 20th century. (en)
  • Het patriciaat, afgeleid van het begrip patriciër, is een verzamelnaam voor de families die vanouds de bestuurders in een samenleving leveren. Iedere samenleving kent patriciërs, in het oude Rome waren zij gerechtigd om zitting te nemen in de Senaat. (nl)
  • Patrycjat (z łac.) – najbogatsza warstwa mieszczan w okresie od XII do XVIII wieku, sprawująca w miastach władzę ekonomiczną i polityczną, członkowie rady miejskiej, najbogatsi kupcy, bogaci rzemieślnicy, bankierzy, właściciele gruntów miejskich. (pl)
  • 貴族(德語:Patrizier、義大利語:Patrizio、拉丁語:Patricius),指神聖羅馬帝國與瑞士聯邦內一眾城邦的貴族,其中神聖羅馬帝國的城邦分布今日的意大利和德國(當時的帝國自由城市)。此等貴族在歐洲諸語言的稱呼繼承了古羅馬貴族的稱呼,但歷史淵源不同。 (zh)
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  • January 2015 (en)
dbp:reason
  • In Italy, too? (en)
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  • Patricien (latin : patricius, grec : πατρίκιος) était le terme utilisé pour désigner les membres de la classe supérieure établie de longue date dans la Rome antique. Par analogie, la classe supérieure socialement relativement fermée est appelée patriciat dans de nombreuses villes médiévales et modernes. La règle aristocratique du patriciat bourgeois s'appelle l'aristocratie urbaine. (fr)
  • Patrizio è un titolo nobiliare di antica origine, tipicamente italiano, in uso presso alcuni comuni medievali e presso le repubbliche aristocratiche. (it)
  • Het patriciaat, afgeleid van het begrip patriciër, is een verzamelnaam voor de families die vanouds de bestuurders in een samenleving leveren. Iedere samenleving kent patriciërs, in het oude Rome waren zij gerechtigd om zitting te nemen in de Senaat. (nl)
  • Patrycjat (z łac.) – najbogatsza warstwa mieszczan w okresie od XII do XVIII wieku, sprawująca w miastach władzę ekonomiczną i polityczną, członkowie rady miejskiej, najbogatsi kupcy, bogaci rzemieślnicy, bankierzy, właściciele gruntów miejskich. (pl)
  • 貴族(德語:Patrizier、義大利語:Patrizio、拉丁語:Patricius),指神聖羅馬帝國與瑞士聯邦內一眾城邦的貴族,其中神聖羅馬帝國的城邦分布今日的意大利和德國(當時的帝國自由城市)。此等貴族在歐洲諸語言的稱呼繼承了古羅馬貴族的稱呼,但歷史淵源不同。 (zh)
  • Ένας από τους σπουδαίους τίτλους στη Βυζαντινή Αυτοκρατορία ήταν και αυτός του Πατρικίου. Ο τίτλος του Πατρικίου εισήχθηκε στο Βυζάντιο από τον Μέγα Κωνσταντίνο που όμως σε αντιδιαστολή μ΄ εκείνο του Πατρικίου της Ρώμης που αφορούσε αρχικά γένος, και στη συνέχεια εξελίχθηκε σε κληρονομικό τίτλο, αυτός του Βυζαντίου δεν ήταν κληρονομικός. Ο Βυζαντινός αυτός τίτλος αποδιδόταν με επίσημη ειδική τελετή στη Κωνσταντινούπολη και κυρίως σε πρόσωπα που είχαν συμβάλει επιτυχώς σε υπηρεσίες των Ανακτόρων, της Συγκλήτου και γενικά στη Βυζαντινή Διοίκηση. (el)
  • Patrizier (Latein: patricius, Griechisch: πατρίκιος) war die Bezeichnung für Angehörige des römisch-antiken Patriziats, der alteingesessenen und senatsfähigen Oberschicht im antiken Rom. Dieser Begriff wurde seit Anfang des 16. Jahrhunderts auch für die sozial relativ abgeschlossene Oberschicht in vielen mittelalterlichen und frühneuzeitlichen Städten übernommen, die sich vor allem im 13. bis 15. Jahrhundert gebildet hatte. Dieses spätmittelalterliche und frühneuzeitliche Patriziat wird hier behandelt. (de)
  • Patricianship, the quality of belonging to a patriciate, began in the ancient world, where cities such as Ancient Rome had a social class of patrician families, whose members were initially the only people allowed to exercise many political functions. In the rise of European towns in the 12th and 13th century, the patriciate, a limited group of families with a special constitutional position, in Henri Pirenne's view, was the motive force. In 19th century Central Europe, the term had become synonymous with the upper Bourgeoisie and cannot be interchanged with the medieval patriciate in Central Europe. In German-speaking parts of Europe as well as in the maritime republics of the Italian Peninsula, the patricians were as a matter of fact the ruling body of the medieval town. Particularly in (en)
rdfs:label
  • Patrizier (de)
  • Πατρίκιος (τίτλος) (el)
  • Patrician (post-Roman Europe) (en)
  • Patricien (Moyen Âge et Temps modernes) (fr)
  • Patrizio (titolo) (it)
  • Patriciaat (nl)
  • Patrycjat (średniowiecze i nowożytność) (pl)
  • 貴族 (神聖羅馬帝國與瑞士聯邦) (zh)
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