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Mujīr ad-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abu Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl ad-Dīn Muhammad (died 1169) was the governor of Damascus from 1140 to 1154. He was the eldest son of . After the death of his father in 1140, Mujir ad-Din succeeded his father as governor in 1140. As he was still a minor, Mu'in ad-Din Unur was named vizier. Zengi attacked Damascus, hoping to take advantage of Jamal ad-Din's death, but Mu'in ad-Din effectively organized the defense of the city. When this regent died in July 1149, Mujir ad-Din took his place as the rightful heir of Damascus. He was a weak ruler, however, and Damascus came under the influence of Nur ad-Din Zangi, emir of Aleppo and Mosul, who had imposed his dominance over the city in the aftermath of the Second Crusade.

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  • مجير الدين أبق الابن الأكبر حكم دمشق بين 1140 - 1154 . كان معين الدين أنر وصيا على العرش والحاكم الفعلي لدمشق. واستطاع السيطرة على السلطة بشكل كامل بعد موت معين الدين أنر سنة 1149. نجح نور الدين زنكي في السيطرة على دمشق سنة 1154 ليعوض بإقطاع في حمص ثم استبدل إقطاعه في الجزيرة السورية فلم يرضى مجير الدين وارتحل إلى بغداد ليمضي بقية حياته هناك. توفى سنة 1169 م. (ar)
  • Mudschir ad-Din Abaq (gest. 1169 in Bagdad) war der letzte Emir von Damaskus aus der Dynastie der Buriden. Abaq folgte seinem 1140 gestorbenen Vater noch als Kind in der Herrschaft über Damaskus nach, die tatsächliche Regierungsgewalt hat sein Atabeg Unur innegehabt. Der Bedrohung durch die Zengiden von Aleppo hat der Atabeg durch einen Schutzvertrag mit dem Königreich Jerusalem begegnet, indem sich Damaskus für die Gewährung militärischen Beistandes zur Zahlung von 20.000 Golddinar monatlich verpflichtet hat. Unur konnte außerdem Banyas von den Zengiden zurückerobern, dass er allerdings vertragsgemäß den Franken übergeben musste. Das Bündnis mit den Christen hat dem Ansehen der Buriden unter den Muslimen Syriens einen erheblichen Schaden nehmen lassen, während das der Zengiden als Speerspitze im Kampf gegen die Christen (ǧihād) in gleichem Maße zugenommen hat. Die Sache der Buriden hatte bei der Bevölkerung endgültig ihre Legitimation verloren, als die Christen unter Bruch des Beistandsvertrages während des zweiten Kreuzzuges Damaskus zu ihrem Angriffsziel erklärt hatten. Zwar hat Unur die 1148 unternommene Belagerung der Stadt abwehren können, aber nur unter tatkräftiger Mithilfe der Zengiden. Nur kurz darauf war der Regent gestorben und die Bevölkerung wie auch die letzten Gefolgsmänner der Buriden wechselten auf die Seite der Zengiden über. Zwar hatte Abaq das Bündnis mit den Christen wieder erneuert, aber als diese 1154 ihre militärischen Kapazitäten für die Eroberung von Askalon gebunden hatten, konnte der Zengide Nur ad-Din nahezu kampflos in Damaskus einziehen und die Herrschaft übernehmen. Der Widerstand der zahlenmäßig weit unterlegenen Besatzung der Stadtmauer war dann auch nur sehr halbherzig geführt worden. Abaq wurde unter fürstlichen Bedingungen in Homs in Arrest gehalten, später durfte er nach Bagdad an den Hof des Kalifen ins Exil gehen, wo er 1169 starb. (de)
  • Mujīr ad-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abu Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl ad-Dīn Muhammad, ou plus simplement Mujīr ad-Dīn Ābaq, est le dernier atabeg bouride de Damas, de 1140 à 1154. Il est le fils aîné de Jemal ad-Din Muhammad ibn Buri, atabeg de Damas. (fr)
  • Mujīr al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abū Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl al-Dīn Muhammad, in arabo: ﻣﺠﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ آﺑﻖ‎ (... – 1169), è stato l'atabeg buride di Damasco dal 1140 al 1154. Era il primogenito di . Dopo la morte di suo padre nel 1140, Mujir al-Din succedette a lui nella veste di governatore in quello stesso anno.Dal momento che non era ancora pubere, Mu'in al-Din Unur fu nominato vizir. Zengi attaccò Damasco nella speranza di avvantaggiarsi della morte di Jamal al-Din, ma Mu'in al-Din organizzò sapientemente la difesa della città. Quando questo reggente morì a sua volta nel luglio del 1149, Mujir al-Din prese il suo posto come legittimo erede di Damasco. Fu però un governante debole e Damasco cadde sotto l'influenza di Norandino, figlio di Zangi, emiro di Aleppo e Mosul, che impose il suo potere sulla città nella fase immediatamente successiva alla Seconda Crociata. Nel 1150 Norandino riconobbe Mujir al-Din come signore di Damasco, ma nel 1151 Mujir al-Din sì alleò coi Crociati per colpire la cittadina di Bosra, facendo infuriare Norandino. Più avanti in quello stesso anno, Mujir al-Din visitò Aleppo e giurò di rimanere leale a Norandino. Nel 1152 Mujir al-Din assediò ancora una volta Bosra, fin quando il governatore di quella cittadina si piegò alle richieste dell'assediante che tornò a Damasco. Nel 1153 Mujir al-Din si unì a Norandino per conquistare il castello crociato di Baniyas. Nel 1154 i due tornarono a contrapporsi e Norandino infine occupò Damasco con la forza, esiliando Mujir al-Din a Hims. Norandino prese il controllo assoluto di Damasco e di tutta la Siria. Mujir al-Din più tardi lasciò Hims e si rifugiò a Baghdad. Il laqab di Mujīr al-Dīn significa "protettore della religione". (it)
  • Mujīr ad-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abu Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl ad-Dīn Muhammad (died 1169) was the governor of Damascus from 1140 to 1154. He was the eldest son of . After the death of his father in 1140, Mujir ad-Din succeeded his father as governor in 1140. As he was still a minor, Mu'in ad-Din Unur was named vizier. Zengi attacked Damascus, hoping to take advantage of Jamal ad-Din's death, but Mu'in ad-Din effectively organized the defense of the city. When this regent died in July 1149, Mujir ad-Din took his place as the rightful heir of Damascus. He was a weak ruler, however, and Damascus came under the influence of Nur ad-Din Zangi, emir of Aleppo and Mosul, who had imposed his dominance over the city in the aftermath of the Second Crusade. In 1150, Nur ad-Din recognized Mujir ad-Din as ruler of Damascus, but in 1151 Mujir ad-Din allied with the crusaders against Bosra, angering Nur ad-Din. Later that year Mujir ad-Din visited Aleppo and swore to remain loyal to Nur ad-Din. In 1152, Mujir ad-Din again besieged Bosra, until the governor of the city agreed to his demands and he returned to Damascus. In 1153, Mujir ad-Din joined Nur ad-Din in his attempt to capture of the crusader castle at Banias. In 1154, the two were in conflict again, and Nur ad-Din finally occupied Damascus by force, exiling Mujir ad-Din to Homs. Nur ad-Din was fully in control of the city and all of Syria. Mujir ad-Din later left Homs for Baghdad. His honorific title "Mujīr ad-Dīn" means "protector of the faith". (en)
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  • مجير الدين أبق الابن الأكبر حكم دمشق بين 1140 - 1154 . كان معين الدين أنر وصيا على العرش والحاكم الفعلي لدمشق. واستطاع السيطرة على السلطة بشكل كامل بعد موت معين الدين أنر سنة 1149. نجح نور الدين زنكي في السيطرة على دمشق سنة 1154 ليعوض بإقطاع في حمص ثم استبدل إقطاعه في الجزيرة السورية فلم يرضى مجير الدين وارتحل إلى بغداد ليمضي بقية حياته هناك. توفى سنة 1169 م. (ar)
  • Mujīr ad-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abu Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl ad-Dīn Muhammad, ou plus simplement Mujīr ad-Dīn Ābaq, est le dernier atabeg bouride de Damas, de 1140 à 1154. Il est le fils aîné de Jemal ad-Din Muhammad ibn Buri, atabeg de Damas. (fr)
  • Mudschir ad-Din Abaq (gest. 1169 in Bagdad) war der letzte Emir von Damaskus aus der Dynastie der Buriden. Abaq folgte seinem 1140 gestorbenen Vater noch als Kind in der Herrschaft über Damaskus nach, die tatsächliche Regierungsgewalt hat sein Atabeg Unur innegehabt. Der Bedrohung durch die Zengiden von Aleppo hat der Atabeg durch einen Schutzvertrag mit dem Königreich Jerusalem begegnet, indem sich Damaskus für die Gewährung militärischen Beistandes zur Zahlung von 20.000 Golddinar monatlich verpflichtet hat. Unur konnte außerdem Banyas von den Zengiden zurückerobern, dass er allerdings vertragsgemäß den Franken übergeben musste. (de)
  • Mujīr ad-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abu Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl ad-Dīn Muhammad (died 1169) was the governor of Damascus from 1140 to 1154. He was the eldest son of . After the death of his father in 1140, Mujir ad-Din succeeded his father as governor in 1140. As he was still a minor, Mu'in ad-Din Unur was named vizier. Zengi attacked Damascus, hoping to take advantage of Jamal ad-Din's death, but Mu'in ad-Din effectively organized the defense of the city. When this regent died in July 1149, Mujir ad-Din took his place as the rightful heir of Damascus. He was a weak ruler, however, and Damascus came under the influence of Nur ad-Din Zangi, emir of Aleppo and Mosul, who had imposed his dominance over the city in the aftermath of the Second Crusade. (en)
  • Mujīr al-Dīn ʿAbd al-Dawla Abū Saʿīd Ābaq ibn Jamāl al-Dīn Muhammad, in arabo: ﻣﺠﻴﺮ ﺍﻟﺪﻳﻦ آﺑﻖ‎ (... – 1169), è stato l'atabeg buride di Damasco dal 1140 al 1154. Era il primogenito di . Dopo la morte di suo padre nel 1140, Mujir al-Din succedette a lui nella veste di governatore in quello stesso anno.Dal momento che non era ancora pubere, Mu'in al-Din Unur fu nominato vizir. Zengi attaccò Damasco nella speranza di avvantaggiarsi della morte di Jamal al-Din, ma Mu'in al-Din organizzò sapientemente la difesa della città. Quando questo reggente morì a sua volta nel luglio del 1149, Mujir al-Din prese il suo posto come legittimo erede di Damasco. (it)
rdfs:label
  • مجير الدين أبق (ar)
  • Mudschir ad-Din Abaq (de)
  • Mujir ad-Din Abaq (en)
  • Mujir ad-Din Abaq (fr)
  • Mujir al-Din Abaq (it)
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