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Major General Merritt Austin Edson, Sr. (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as "Red Mike", was a general in the United States Marine Corps. Among the decorations he received were the Medal of Honor, two Navy Crosses, the Silver Star, and two Legions of Merit. He is best known by Marines for the defense of Lunga Ridge during the Guadalcanal Campaign in World War II. After World War II Edson held several commands until retiring from the Marine Corps August 1, 1947. After retirement he had several jobs, including the director of the National Rifle Association.

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dbo:abstract
  • ميريت أ. إدسون (بالإنجليزية: Merritt A. Edson)‏ هو ضابط أمريكي، ولد في 25 أبريل 1897 في تشيستر في الولايات المتحدة، وتوفي في 14 أغسطس 1955 في واشنطن العاصمة في الولايات المتحدة بسبب تسمم بأحادي أكسيد الكربون. (ar)
  • Merritt Austin Edson (Rutland, 25 de abril de 1897-Washington, D.C., 14 de agosto de 1955), también conocido como Red Mike (en español: Rojo Mike), fue un General de División del Cuerpo de Marines de los Estados Unidos. Nació el 25 de abril de 1897, y murió el 14 de agosto de 1955. Entre sus muchas condecoraciones destaca la Medalla de Honor del Congreso, la más alta condecoración al valor otorgada en los Estados Unidos de América. Además recibió durante su carrera dos Cruces Navales (la segunda condecoración en importancia, tras la Medalla de Honor), una Estrella de Plata y dos Legiones al Mérito. Es más conocido entre los Marines por haber estado al mando de las unidades que defendieron con éxito de los ataques japoneses el risco de Lunga, durante la campaña de la isla de Guadalcanal, Pacífico Central, en septiembre de 1942. (es)
  • Le général de division Merritt Austin Edson, né le 25 avril 1897 à Rutland, dans le Vermont, et mort le 14 août 1955 à Washington, D.C., surnommé « Red Mike », fut un général dans le Corps des Marines des États-Unis. Il a reçu plusieurs décorations, notamment la Médaille d'honneur, deux Navy Cross, la Silver Star et deux Legion of Merit. Il est mieux connu chez les Marines pour la défense de la crête Lunga lors de la bataille de Guadalcanal pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Il est nommé sous-lieutenant dans les Marines en octobre 1917 et sert en France et en Allemagne pendant la Première Guerre mondiale. Après la guerre, il a occupé différentes positions jusqu'à son entrée à l'école d'aviation en 1922. Après avoir gradué de l'école d'aviation, il effectue différentes missions en Amérique centrale et en Chine. C'est en Amérique centrale qu'il reçoit sa première Navy Cross ainsi qu'une médaille du mérite décernée par le Nicaragua.Lors du déclenchement de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Edson est alors commandant d'un bataillon de Marine Raiders et gagne sa deuxième Navy Cross à Tulagi. Son unité est envoyée au combat à Guadalcanal, Edson dirige ses hommes dans la bataille qui lui vaudra plus tard la Medal of Honor. Après la Seconde Guerre mondiale, Edson occupe plusieurs postes de commandement jusqu'à sa retraite du Corps des Marines le 1er août 1947. Il occupe ensuite plusieurs emplois dont celui de directeur de la National Rifle Association. Il se suicide le 14 août 1955 et est inhumé au cimetière national d'Arlington. (fr)
  • Major General Merritt Austin Edson, Sr. (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as "Red Mike", was a general in the United States Marine Corps. Among the decorations he received were the Medal of Honor, two Navy Crosses, the Silver Star, and two Legions of Merit. He is best known by Marines for the defense of Lunga Ridge during the Guadalcanal Campaign in World War II. He received a commission as a second lieutenant in the Marines in October 1917, and served in France and Germany in World War I. After the war he held several positions until going to flight school in 1922. After graduating flight school and being designated a Naval Aviator, he performed several assignments in Central America and China. It was in Central America where he received his first Navy Cross and the Nicaraguan Medal of Merit with Silver Star. When World War II started Edson was sent as the commanding officer of the Marine Raiders and earned his second Navy Cross on Tulagi. When his unit was sent to fight on Guadalcanal, Edson led his men in fighting for which he would later receive the Medal of Honor. After World War II Edson held several commands until retiring from the Marine Corps August 1, 1947. After retirement he had several jobs, including the director of the National Rifle Association. (en)
  • Merritt Austin Edson (25 de abril de 1897–14 de agosto de 1955, conhecido como "Red Mike", foi um General do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais dos Estados Unidos. Entre as várias condecorações recebidas por ele em serviço, as principais são a Medalha de Honra, duas medalhas Cruz da Marinha, uma Estrela de Prata e duas medalhas Legion of Merit (Legião de Mérito. Ele ficou conhecido nos fuzileiros por sua participação na defesa do perímetro do rio Lunga durante a Batalha de Guadalcanal na Segunda Guerra Mundial. Ele foi promovido a segundo-tenente nos Fuzileiros em outubro de 1917 e serviu na França e na Alemanha durante a Primeira Guerra Mundial. Depois da guerra ele aceitou vários trabalhos nas forças armadas até ir para a Escola de Combate em 1922. Depois de se formar, ele serviu na América Central e na China. Foi na América Central que ele recebeu sua primeira Cruz da Marinha e uma Medalha de Mérito nicaraguense com uma Estrela de Prata. Na Segunda Guerra Mundial, Edson foi enviado para comandar os Marine Raiders (Divisão de elite dos Fuzileiros e ganhou sua segunda Cruz da Marinha por bravura em Tulagi. Quando sua unidade foi enviada para lutar em Guadalcanal, Edson liderou suas tropas na luta que lhe daria a Medalha de Honra do Congresso, a mais alta condecoração militar dos Estados Unidos. Depois da Segunda Guerra, Edson conseguiu vários trabalhos e comandos até se aposentar dos Fuzileiros em 1 de agosto de 1947. Depois ele trabalhou para a Associação Nacional de Rifles mas em 14 de agosto de 1955 ele cometeu suicídio. (pt)
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  • United States of America
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  • 5th Marine Regiment
  • 1st Marine Raider Battalion
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  • 1947-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • 1917-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • right (en)
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  • A light blue ribbon with five white five pointed stars (en)
  • Color photo of a reb brick building, two stories tall, with a short green lawn (en)
  • Black-and-white photo of a white man in his Marine Corps uniform. He is wearing a hat, his military awards and 2 star general rank insignia. (en)
  • A bust of Edson next to a display of his medals and photographs (en)
dbp:awards
dbp:battles
  • World War I (en)
  • Banana Wars * Occupation of Nicaragua World War II * Guadalcanal Campaign * Battle of Saipan * Battle of Tinian (en)
dbp:birthDate
  • 1897-04-25 (xsd:date)
dbp:birthPlace
  • Chester, Vermont, US (en)
dbp:caption
  • "Red Mike" Edson (en)
  • Edson Hall (en)
dbp:children
  • Herbert Robbins Edson Grandchildren Patricia Anne Edson David William Edson Merritt Austin Edson III Herbert Robbins Edson Jr. (en)
  • Merritt Austin Edson, Jr. (en)
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  • 1 (xsd:integer)
  • 5 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1955-08-14 (xsd:date)
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  • Washington, D.C., US (en)
dbp:direction
  • vertical (en)
dbp:image
  • Edsonhall.jpg (en)
  • Edsonhalldisplay.jpg (en)
dbp:laterwork
  • Executive Director of the National Rifle Association (en)
  • Commissioner of the Vermont State Police (en)
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  • Moh right.gif (en)
dbp:medalAlt
  • A light blue neck ribbon with a gold star shaped medallion hanging from it. The ribbon is similar in shape to a bowtie with 13 white stars in the center of the ribbon. (en)
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  • Merritt Austin Edson (en)
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  • Red Mike (en)
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  • Place of burial (en)
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  • 25 (xsd:integer)
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  • World War I Victory Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • American Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • Asiatic-Pacific Campaign ribbon.svg (en)
  • China Service Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • Medal of Honor ribbon.svg (en)
  • Combat Action Ribbon.svg (en)
  • Navy Cross ribbon.svg (en)
  • American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • Legion of Merit ribbon.svg (en)
  • Mexican Service Medal ribbon.svg (en)
  • Silver Star ribbon.svg (en)
  • Ribbon, U.S. Navy Presidential Unit Citation.svg (en)
  • Nicaraguan Campaign ribbon 1933.svg (en)
  • Nicaraguan Presidential Medal of Merit.svg (en)
  • Dso-ribbon.svg (en)
dbp:serviceyears
  • 1917 (xsd:integer)
dbp:spouse
  • Ethel Winifred Robbins Edson (en)
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  • award-star (en)
  • service-star (en)
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  • 4 (xsd:integer)
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  • 200 (xsd:integer)
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  • 1949 (xsd:integer)
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  • ميريت أ. إدسون (بالإنجليزية: Merritt A. Edson)‏ هو ضابط أمريكي، ولد في 25 أبريل 1897 في تشيستر في الولايات المتحدة، وتوفي في 14 أغسطس 1955 في واشنطن العاصمة في الولايات المتحدة بسبب تسمم بأحادي أكسيد الكربون. (ar)
  • Merritt Austin Edson (Rutland, 25 de abril de 1897-Washington, D.C., 14 de agosto de 1955), también conocido como Red Mike (en español: Rojo Mike), fue un General de División del Cuerpo de Marines de los Estados Unidos. Es más conocido entre los Marines por haber estado al mando de las unidades que defendieron con éxito de los ataques japoneses el risco de Lunga, durante la campaña de la isla de Guadalcanal, Pacífico Central, en septiembre de 1942. (es)
  • Major General Merritt Austin Edson, Sr. (April 25, 1897 – August 14, 1955), known as "Red Mike", was a general in the United States Marine Corps. Among the decorations he received were the Medal of Honor, two Navy Crosses, the Silver Star, and two Legions of Merit. He is best known by Marines for the defense of Lunga Ridge during the Guadalcanal Campaign in World War II. After World War II Edson held several commands until retiring from the Marine Corps August 1, 1947. After retirement he had several jobs, including the director of the National Rifle Association. (en)
  • Le général de division Merritt Austin Edson, né le 25 avril 1897 à Rutland, dans le Vermont, et mort le 14 août 1955 à Washington, D.C., surnommé « Red Mike », fut un général dans le Corps des Marines des États-Unis. Il a reçu plusieurs décorations, notamment la Médaille d'honneur, deux Navy Cross, la Silver Star et deux Legion of Merit. Il est mieux connu chez les Marines pour la défense de la crête Lunga lors de la bataille de Guadalcanal pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale. (fr)
  • Merritt Austin Edson (25 de abril de 1897–14 de agosto de 1955, conhecido como "Red Mike", foi um General do Corpo de Fuzileiros Navais dos Estados Unidos. Entre as várias condecorações recebidas por ele em serviço, as principais são a Medalha de Honra, duas medalhas Cruz da Marinha, uma Estrela de Prata e duas medalhas Legion of Merit (Legião de Mérito. Ele ficou conhecido nos fuzileiros por sua participação na defesa do perímetro do rio Lunga durante a Batalha de Guadalcanal na Segunda Guerra Mundial. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • ميريت أ. إدسون (ar)
  • Merritt A. Edson (en)
  • Merritt A. Edson (fr)
  • Merritt A. Edson (es)
  • Merritt A. Edson (pt)
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  • Merritt Austin Edson (en)
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  • Red Mike (en)
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