About: Mbari (art)

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Mbari is a visual art form practiced by the Igbo people in southeast Nigeria consisting of a sacred two- story house constructed as a propitiatory rite. Mbari houses of the Owerri-Igbo, which are large opened-sided square planned shelters contain many life-sized, painted figures (sculpted in mud to appease the Alusi (deity) and Ala, the earth goddess, with other deities of thunder and water). Mbari houses are made as a gift to Ala, as a way to acknowledge Ala's charitable and overarching presence. Some Mbari houses are dedicated strictly and solely to Ala. Sometimes, however, other gods are represented along with Ala in the structure. Other sculptures which could be included are of officials, craftsmen, foreigners (mainly Europeans), animals, legendary creatures and ancestors. Mbari house

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  • Mbari is a visual art form practiced by the Igbo people in southeast Nigeria consisting of a sacred two- story house constructed as a propitiatory rite. Mbari houses of the Owerri-Igbo, which are large opened-sided square planned shelters contain many life-sized, painted figures (sculpted in mud to appease the Alusi (deity) and Ala, the earth goddess, with other deities of thunder and water). Mbari houses are made as a gift to Ala, as a way to acknowledge Ala's charitable and overarching presence. Some Mbari houses are dedicated strictly and solely to Ala. Sometimes, however, other gods are represented along with Ala in the structure. Other sculptures which could be included are of officials, craftsmen, foreigners (mainly Europeans), animals, legendary creatures and ancestors. Mbari houses take years to build and building them is regarded as sacred. Along with being representations of abundances and harmony, they are most usually created during times of peace and stability. A ceremony is performed within the structure for a gathering of town leaders. After the ritual is complete, going in or even looking at the Mbari house is considered taboo. The building was not maintained and decayed in the elements. Chinua Achebe, renowned Nigerian novelist and literary theorist said, in his essay on Mbari, "Mbari was a celebration through art of the world and of life lived in it. It was performed by the community on command by its presiding deity, usually the Earth goddess, , who combined two formidable roles in the Igbo pantheon as fountain of creativity in the world and custodian of the moral order in human society." The Mbari Club — a cultural centre for writers and artists co-founded in 1961 by Ulli Beier and others in Ibadan — was so named at Achebe's suggestion. (en)
  • Le Mbari est une forme d'art visuel pratiquée par les Igbos, au sud-est du Nigeria. Elle consiste en une maison sacrée construite comme un rite de propitiatoire. Les maisons de Mbari de l’Owerri-Igbo, qui sont de grands abris carrés à plan ouvert, contiennent de nombreuses figures peintes de grandeur nature sculptées dans la boue pour apaiser les (en) (divinité) et Ala, la déesse de la terre, avec d’autres divinités du tonnerre et de l'eau. Les autres sculptures représentent des fonctionnaires, des artisans, des étrangers (principalement des Européens), des animaux, des créatures légendaires et des ancêtres. Les maisons de Mbari mettent des années à être construites et leur construction est considérée comme sacrée. Une cérémonie est organisée dans la structure pour un rassemblement des dirigeants de la ville. Une fois le rituel terminé, entrer ou même regarder la maison de Mbari est considéré comme tabou. Le bâtiment n'est entretenu et se décompose dans les éléments. Chinua Achebe, célèbre romancier et théoricien de la littérature nigériane, a déclaré dans son essai sur Mbari : « Mbari était une célébration de l’art du monde et de la vie qui y est vécue. Elle a été interprétée par la communauté sous le commandement de sa divinité dominante, généralement la déesse de la Terre, Ala, qui a combiné deux rôles formidables dans le panthéon Igbo en tant que fontaine de la créativité dans le monde et gardien de l'ordre moral dans la société humaine ». Le Mbari Club, centre culturel pour écrivains et artistes co-fondé en 1961 par Ulli Beier et d'autres personnalité du monde littéraire et artistique à Ibadan, a été nommé ainsi à la suggestion d'Achebe. (fr)
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  • Mbari is a visual art form practiced by the Igbo people in southeast Nigeria consisting of a sacred two- story house constructed as a propitiatory rite. Mbari houses of the Owerri-Igbo, which are large opened-sided square planned shelters contain many life-sized, painted figures (sculpted in mud to appease the Alusi (deity) and Ala, the earth goddess, with other deities of thunder and water). Mbari houses are made as a gift to Ala, as a way to acknowledge Ala's charitable and overarching presence. Some Mbari houses are dedicated strictly and solely to Ala. Sometimes, however, other gods are represented along with Ala in the structure. Other sculptures which could be included are of officials, craftsmen, foreigners (mainly Europeans), animals, legendary creatures and ancestors. Mbari house (en)
  • Le Mbari est une forme d'art visuel pratiquée par les Igbos, au sud-est du Nigeria. Elle consiste en une maison sacrée construite comme un rite de propitiatoire. Les maisons de Mbari de l’Owerri-Igbo, qui sont de grands abris carrés à plan ouvert, contiennent de nombreuses figures peintes de grandeur nature sculptées dans la boue pour apaiser les (en) (divinité) et Ala, la déesse de la terre, avec d’autres divinités du tonnerre et de l'eau. (fr)
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  • Mbari (art) (en)
  • Mbari (art) (fr)
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