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Maria Margherita Grimani (1680 – c.1720) was an Italian composer who, at some points in her life, was active in Vienna. Among her compositions was the first opera by a woman to be performed at the Vienna court theater. She may have lived at the noble court for periods between 1713 and 1718; however, she was not employed at the court as a musician. She may also have been one of a number of women composers at the Viennese court who were canonesses, a type of Augustinian nun; others included Caterina Benedicta Grazianini, Maria de Raschenau, and Camilla de Rossi.

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  • Maria Margherita Grimani (fl. 1713-1718) fou una compositora italiana activa a Viena durant alguns anys. Es tenen molt poques dades sobre la seva vida, però se sap que entre les seves composicions hi ha la primera òpera composta per una dona que es va interpretar al teatre de la cort de Viena, i és possible que visqués a la cort durant diversos períodes entre 1713 i 1718. També és possible que fos canonessa (un tipus de monja agustina) de la cort vienesa, com Caterina Benedicta Grazianini, Maria de Raschenau i Camilla de Rossi. Les obres conegudes de Grimani són una òpera (de fet un componimento dramatico o opus dramaticum), Pallade e Marte, per a dues veus, oboès, corda i baix continu, publicat a Bolonya el 5 d'abril de 1713 i representat per primera vegada al teatre imperial per a l'aniversari de l'emperador Carles VI, el 4 de novembre de 1713. Se sap també que els seus oratoris es representaren al teatre imperial: La visitazione di Elisabetta, interpretat el 1713 i novament en 1718, i La decollazione di S Giovanni Battista, interpretat el 1715, amb llibrets d'autor desconegut. Tots dos celebren els èxits militars de Carles contra els «infidels». Grimani pot haver estat relacionada amb la poderosa família Grimani, potser amb Pietro Grimani, que va negociar una aliança entre Carles VI i Venècia (república de la qual Pietro en fou dux anys després) contra els turcs, el mateix any que es va presentar a la cort el Pallade e Marte de Grimani. A més el mecenes de Georg Frideric Handel i llibretista de la seva Agrippina, Vincenzo Grimani, era virrei de Nàpols en aquella època. Malgrat tot, la relació exacta de Maria amb la família Grimani no està clara. Totes les obres de Grimani fan servir conjunts de petites dimensions: dos cantants, un parell d'instruments obbligati i baix continu, incloent-hi violoncel i tiorba, en la plena tradició del barroc. (ca)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (... – ...) è stata una compositrice italiana, attiva a Vienna tra il 1713 e il 1718, prima donna le cui opere siano state presentate al teatro della corte austriaca. (it)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (1680 – c.1720) was an Italian composer who, at some points in her life, was active in Vienna. Among her compositions was the first opera by a woman to be performed at the Vienna court theater. She may have lived at the noble court for periods between 1713 and 1718; however, she was not employed at the court as a musician. She may also have been one of a number of women composers at the Viennese court who were canonesses, a type of Augustinian nun; others included Caterina Benedicta Grazianini, Maria de Raschenau, and Camilla de Rossi. She was born Maria Margherita Vitalini, and married Giovanni Andrea Grimani (1672 - 1723), Doctor of Law, lawyer and lecturer at the University of Bologna from 1696 until his death. He wrote several legal works as well as some poetry and a wedding song for the marriage of senator Piriteo Malvezzi, Marquis of Castel Guelfo, and the Marquise Artemisia Magnani in 1696. Maria Margherita Grimani's known works include an opera, specifically a componimento dramatico or opus dramaticum, which may or may not have been staged, Pallade e Marte, dedicated in Bologna on April 5, 1713 and first performed at the imperial theater on the nameday of Emperor Charles VI on November 4, 1713 at the imperial theater. It was scored for two voices, oboe and string orchestra. Her oratorios were also performed at the imperial theater: La visitazione di Elisabetta, performed in 1713 and again in 1718, and La decollazione di S Giovanni Battista, performed in 1715. The librettists are unknown. Both celebrate Charles's military success against the "infidels". All of Grimani's works use small forces—two singers, a couple of obbligato instruments, and a continuo group, including cello and theorbo. Their form follows the standards of the time, as exemplified in Alessandro Scarlatti's works. This included a number of da capo arias with ritornelli and recitative secco. (en)
  • Мария Маргерита Гримани (итал. Maria Margherita Grimani; годы активности с 1713 по 1718) — итальянский композитор. (ru)
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  • Maria Margherita Grimani (... – ...) è stata una compositrice italiana, attiva a Vienna tra il 1713 e il 1718, prima donna le cui opere siano state presentate al teatro della corte austriaca. (it)
  • Мария Маргерита Гримани (итал. Maria Margherita Grimani; годы активности с 1713 по 1718) — итальянский композитор. (ru)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (fl. 1713-1718) fou una compositora italiana activa a Viena durant alguns anys. Es tenen molt poques dades sobre la seva vida, però se sap que entre les seves composicions hi ha la primera òpera composta per una dona que es va interpretar al teatre de la cort de Viena, i és possible que visqués a la cort durant diversos períodes entre 1713 i 1718. També és possible que fos canonessa (un tipus de monja agustina) de la cort vienesa, com Caterina Benedicta Grazianini, Maria de Raschenau i Camilla de Rossi. (ca)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (1680 – c.1720) was an Italian composer who, at some points in her life, was active in Vienna. Among her compositions was the first opera by a woman to be performed at the Vienna court theater. She may have lived at the noble court for periods between 1713 and 1718; however, she was not employed at the court as a musician. She may also have been one of a number of women composers at the Viennese court who were canonesses, a type of Augustinian nun; others included Caterina Benedicta Grazianini, Maria de Raschenau, and Camilla de Rossi. (en)
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  • Maria Margherita Grimani (ca)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (en)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (it)
  • Гримани, Мария Маргерита (ru)
  • Maria Margherita Grimani (sv)
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