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Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (1535–1603) was a Spanish engraver, goldsmith, artist, anatomist and author. He was of German descent. Born in Leon, Arphe y Villafañe was instructed by his father, Antonio, in goldsmithing and engraving, and also studied anatomy in Toledo and Salamanca. Following his father's death, Villafañe moved to Valladolid, where he worked as a goldsmith, mostly for churches and cathedrals, making monstrances and other pieces for cities including Ávila, Seville and Burgos. At the same time, he was an architect and a sculptor, and worked as an engraver and creator of woodcuts, as well as being the assayer of a mint in Segovia.

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  • Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (Lleó, 1525 - Madrid, 3 d'abril de 1603 fou un argenter, gravador i cisellador castellà, net de Enrique de Arfe (1475-1545, considerat com l'artista més notable de la família Arfe, el que els seus coetanis anomenaren el Cellini espanyol. Estudià amb el seu pare; assistí l curs d'anatomia que explicava en la Universitat de Salamanca, i a Madrid i Toledo admirà les obres mestres de Berruguete, de Bigarny (el Borgoñón, de Becerra i altres artistes, establint-se a Valladolid. Malgrat la seva joventut, el capítol d'Àvila li com fià la construcció d'una nova custodia de plata, pel preu de 12 ducats per cada marc que emprés; començà aquest treball el 1564, i no l'acabà fins al 1571; cobrà per ell 1.907,403 maravedís, entregant al capítol una de les millors joies artístiques que existeixen a Espanya, guardada curosament en el tresor de la catedral. A aquesta obra i seguí la custodia de Sevilla, que se li adjudicà per concurs el 1580, acabada el 1587; en aquest gran tabernacle, considerat com la seva obra mestra. Invertí 2.147 marcs (més de 500 quilograms. de metall preciosos; té 3'36 m. D'altura; presenta la forma d'un templet circular de quatre cossos superposats d'estil grecoromà, primorosa-ment adornat de petites estàtues, baixos relleus i repussats, sent solament de lamentar les destarotades modificacions que en ella introduí el 1668 Juan de Segura; aquesta obra encara es conserva en el tresor de la catedral de Sevilla. Després construí una altra custodia per a Burgos, que pesava 275 lliures, per la que va percebre 235,664 rals, que desgraciadament va ser fossa per les tropes franceses durant la guerra de la Independència; una altra per a Valladolid el 1590, i junt amb el seu gendre , la de la catedral d'Osma, més petita que les anteriors, però d'un gran valor artístic, i de l'església de San Martín de Madrid. Felip II de Castella el nomenà assajador de la casa de moneda de Segòvia, però el 1596 el cridà a Madrid per acabar diverses estàtues destinades a El Escorial; li encarregà, a més el 1597, 64 busts de sants de bronze repujat, destinats al mateix monestir. Entre les seves altres obres cal mencionar: una creu metropolitana per a Burgos (1592; Un gerro i palangana esmaltats, adquirits per Felip III (1599 en 4.050 ducats, etc.Ceán Bermúdez li atribueix un retrat d'Ercilla, gravat en plom, que apareix en la primera edició del poema La Araucana, i l'eclesiàstic les il·lustracions del llibre Caballero determinado, poema traduït del francès per Hernando de Acuña (Salamanca, 1573. Escriví i publicà alguns llibres sobre el seu art, entre ells: Descripción de la traza y ornato de la custodia de plata de la santa iglesia de Sevilla (Sevilla, 1587, obra raríssima avui dia; El aquilatador de la plata, oro y piedras preciosas (Valladolid, 1572; Madrid, 1598 i 1678, que constitueix un interessantíssim tractat d'argenteria, joieria i aliatges: De varia commensuración para la Esculptura y Architectura (Sevilla, 1585-1587; Madrid, 1675-1736. (ca)
  • Juan de Arfe (* 1535 in León; † um 1603 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Goldschmied und Bildhauer. (de)
  • Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (1535–1603) was a Spanish engraver, goldsmith, artist, anatomist and author. He was of German descent. Born in Leon, Arphe y Villafañe was instructed by his father, Antonio, in goldsmithing and engraving, and also studied anatomy in Toledo and Salamanca. Following his father's death, Villafañe moved to Valladolid, where he worked as a goldsmith, mostly for churches and cathedrals, making monstrances and other pieces for cities including Ávila, Seville and Burgos. At the same time, he was an architect and a sculptor, and worked as an engraver and creator of woodcuts, as well as being the assayer of a mint in Segovia. Arphe-Villafañe wrote several books of which the best known was his Varia comesuracion para la escultura y arquitectura. Each of the four books which comprised the work focused on one of Arphe-Villafañe's subjects of expertise: * The first book discussed geometry in brief, and gnomonics at great length. * The second book focused on the anatomy of the human body. * The third book contained many illustrations of animals, and the text described quadrupeds and birds. * The fourth book talks solely on architecture and closely related subject matters. All of the books contained many woodcuts, some full page, with others mixed with the text. He moved to Madrid some years before his death, and he spent the final years of his life there, before he died of undocumented causes early into the 17th century. (en)
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  • Juan de Arfe (* 1535 in León; † um 1603 in Madrid) war ein spanischer Goldschmied und Bildhauer. (de)
  • Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (Lleó, 1525 - Madrid, 3 d'abril de 1603 fou un argenter, gravador i cisellador castellà, net de Enrique de Arfe (1475-1545, considerat com l'artista més notable de la família Arfe, el que els seus coetanis anomenaren el Cellini espanyol. Felip II de Castella el nomenà assajador de la casa de moneda de Segòvia, però el 1596 el cridà a Madrid per acabar diverses estàtues destinades a El Escorial; li encarregà, a més el 1597, 64 busts de sants de bronze repujat, destinats al mateix monestir. (ca)
  • Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (1535–1603) was a Spanish engraver, goldsmith, artist, anatomist and author. He was of German descent. Born in Leon, Arphe y Villafañe was instructed by his father, Antonio, in goldsmithing and engraving, and also studied anatomy in Toledo and Salamanca. Following his father's death, Villafañe moved to Valladolid, where he worked as a goldsmith, mostly for churches and cathedrals, making monstrances and other pieces for cities including Ávila, Seville and Burgos. At the same time, he was an architect and a sculptor, and worked as an engraver and creator of woodcuts, as well as being the assayer of a mint in Segovia. (en)
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  • Juan de Arfe y Villafañe (ca)
  • Juan de Arfe (de)
  • Juan de Arfe (es)
  • Juan de Arphe y Villafañe (en)
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