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Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka. They are also known as Malayaga Tamilar,Hill Country Tamils, Up-Country Tamils or simply Indian Tamils. They are partly descended from workers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee, tea and rubber plantations. Some also migrated on their own as merchants and as other service providers. These Tamil speakers mostly live in the central highlands, also known as the Malayakam or Hill Country yet others are also found in major urban areas and in the Northern Province. Although they are all termed as Tamils today, some have Telugu and Malayalee origins as well as diverse South Indian caste origins. They are instrumental in the plantation sector economy of Sri Lanka. In general,

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  • Die indischen Tamilen, indischstämmigen Tamilen oder Hochlandtamilen sind derjenige Teil der tamilischen Bevölkerung Sri Lankas, deren Vorfahren während der britischen Kolonialzeit ab 1840 größtenteils als Plantagenarbeiter aus Südindien (Tamil Nadu) einwanderten. Sie unterscheiden sich sprachlich, kulturell und vom Selbstverständnis von den einheimischen Sri-Lanka-Tamilen. Die rund 840.000 indischstämmigenen Tamilen stellen 4,2 Prozent der Bevölkerung Sri Lankas (2012). Die meisten indischstämmigen Tamilen leben im Hochland Sri Lankas. Nur im Distrikt Nuwara Eliya stellen sie die Bevölkerungsmehrheit. Größtenteils sind sie als Arbeiter auf Teeplantagen beschäftigt. (de)
  • Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka. They are also known as Malayaga Tamilar,Hill Country Tamils, Up-Country Tamils or simply Indian Tamils. They are partly descended from workers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee, tea and rubber plantations. Some also migrated on their own as merchants and as other service providers. These Tamil speakers mostly live in the central highlands, also known as the Malayakam or Hill Country yet others are also found in major urban areas and in the Northern Province. Although they are all termed as Tamils today, some have Telugu and Malayalee origins as well as diverse South Indian caste origins. They are instrumental in the plantation sector economy of Sri Lanka. In general, socio-economically their standard of living is below that of the national average and they are described as one of the poorest and most neglected groups in Sri Lanka. In 1964 a large percentage were repatriated to India, but left a considerable number as stateless people. By the 1990s most of these had been given Sri Lankan citizenship. Most are Hindus with a minority of Christians and Muslims amongst them. There are also a small minority followers of Buddhism among them. Politically they are supportive of trade union-based political parties that have supported most of the ruling coalitions since the 1980s. Today there are two groups of Tamils in Sri Lanka. The first are the Sri Lankan Tamils, who either descend from the Tamils of the old Jaffna kingdom or vannimai chieftaincies of the east. The second are the Indian Tamils or Hill Country Tamils, who are descendants of bonded labourers sent from Tamil Nadu to Sri Lanka in the 19th century to work in tea plantations. Many came as laborers to work in the plantations, but few of them came as business people. Most of the recruits came as they were recruited by the head man in their villages, mostly by high caste Tamils, Kallars and Vellars. Sri Lankan Tamils mostly live in the Northern and Eastern Provinces and in the capital of Colombo, whereas Hill Country Tamils largely live in the central highlands. The Hill Country Tamils and Ceylon Tamils historically have seen themselves as separate communities. In 1949, the United National Party (UNP) government stripped the Indian Tamils of their nationality, including their right to vote. Prominent Tamil political leaders such as S. J. V. Chelvanayakam and his Tamil opposition party opposed this move. Under an agreement between the Sri Lankan and Indian governments in the 1960s, around 40% of Hill Country Tamils were granted Sri Lankan nationality and many of the remainder were repatriated to India. However, the ethnic conflict has led to the growth of a greater sense of common Tamil identity, and the two groups are now more supportive of each other. By the 1990s most Indian Tamils had received Sri Lankan citizenship and some were not granted Sri Lankan citizenship until 2003. (en)
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  • Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka (en)
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  • Hill Country Tamil woman working in a tea plantation in central Sri Lanka (en)
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  • Die indischen Tamilen, indischstämmigen Tamilen oder Hochlandtamilen sind derjenige Teil der tamilischen Bevölkerung Sri Lankas, deren Vorfahren während der britischen Kolonialzeit ab 1840 größtenteils als Plantagenarbeiter aus Südindien (Tamil Nadu) einwanderten. Sie unterscheiden sich sprachlich, kulturell und vom Selbstverständnis von den einheimischen Sri-Lanka-Tamilen. Die rund 840.000 indischstämmigenen Tamilen stellen 4,2 Prozent der Bevölkerung Sri Lankas (2012). Die meisten indischstämmigen Tamilen leben im Hochland Sri Lankas. Nur im Distrikt Nuwara Eliya stellen sie die Bevölkerungsmehrheit. Größtenteils sind sie als Arbeiter auf Teeplantagen beschäftigt. (de)
  • Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka are Tamil people of Indian origin in Sri Lanka. They are also known as Malayaga Tamilar,Hill Country Tamils, Up-Country Tamils or simply Indian Tamils. They are partly descended from workers sent from South India to Sri Lanka in the 19th and 20th centuries to work in coffee, tea and rubber plantations. Some also migrated on their own as merchants and as other service providers. These Tamil speakers mostly live in the central highlands, also known as the Malayakam or Hill Country yet others are also found in major urban areas and in the Northern Province. Although they are all termed as Tamils today, some have Telugu and Malayalee origins as well as diverse South Indian caste origins. They are instrumental in the plantation sector economy of Sri Lanka. In general, (en)
rdfs:label
  • Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka (en)
  • Indische Tamilen in Sri Lanka (de)
  • 스리랑카의 인도계 타밀족 (ko)
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  • Indian Tamils of Sri Lanka (en)
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