An Entity of Type: military unit, from Named Graph: http://dbpedia.org, within Data Space: dbpedia.org

Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. It was formed under the mandate of the 1987 Indo-Sri Lankan Accord that aimed to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups such as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the Sri Lankan military. India's battle in Sri Lanka is often called 'India's Vietnam' by international media, by way of comparison to American military involvement in the Vietnam War.

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dbo:abstract
  • Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. It was formed under the mandate of the 1987 Indo-Sri Lankan Accord that aimed to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups such as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the Sri Lankan military. The main task of the IPKF was to disarm the different militant groups, not just the LTTE. It was to be quickly followed by the formation of an Interim Administrative Council. These were the tasks as per the terms of the Indo-Sri Lankan Accord, signed at the behest of Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi. Given the escalation of the conflict in Sri Lanka, and with the pouring of refugees into India, Rajiv Gandhi took the decisive step to push this accord through. The IPKF was inducted into Sri Lanka on the request of Sri Lankan President J. R. Jayewardene under the terms of the Indo-Sri Lanka Accord. The force was initially not expected to be involved in any significant combat by the Indian High Command. However, within a few months, the IPKF became embroiled in battle with the LTTE to enforce peace. The war erupted following the death of 17 LTTE prisoners, including two areas commanders in the custody of the Sri Lankan Army, which the LTTE blamed the IPKF for allowing to happen. Soon, these differences led to the LTTE attacking the Sinhalese, at which point the IPKF decided to disarm the LTTE militants, by force if required. In the two years it was in northern Sri Lanka, the IPKF launched a number of combat operations aimed at destroying the LTTE-led insurgency. It soon escalated into repeated skirmishes between the IPKF and LTTE. Numerous civilian massacres and were committed by the IPKF during the conflict. Numerous soldiers of IPKF were killed by LTTE. The IPKF began withdrawing from Sri Lanka in 1989, on the orders of the newly elected Sri Lankan President Ranasinghe Premadasa and following the election of the V. P. Singh government in India. The last IPKF contingents left Sri Lanka in March 1990. India's battle in Sri Lanka is often called 'India's Vietnam' by international media, by way of comparison to American military involvement in the Vietnam War. (en)
  • La Force indienne de maintien de la paix, plus communément appelé en anglais, Indian Peace Keeping Force, et régulièrement abrégé IPKF, était le contingent militaire indien effectuant une opération de maintien de la paix au Sri Lanka entre le 29 juillet 1987 et le 24 mars 1990. Elle a été créée en vertu du mandat de l'Accord indo-sri lankais de 1987 visant à mettre fin à la guerre civile du Sri Lanka entre les Tigres de libération de l'Eelam tamoul (LTTE) et le gouvernement sri-lankais. Selon les termes de l'accord indo-sri-lankais, signé entre le premier ministre indien Rajiv Gandhi et le président du Sri Lanka Junius Richard Jayawardene, la tâche principale de l'IPKF était de désarmer tous les différents groupes militants. Il devait être rapidement suivi de la formation d'un conseil administratif intérimaire, mais compte tenu de l'escalade du conflit au Sri Lanka, l'intervention s'est transformé en guerre ouverte entre le contingent indien et les LTTE, quand ces derniers ont refusé de se désarmer. L'IPKF a commencé à se retirer du Sri Lanka en 1989, à la suite de l'élection à la tête du gouvernement de Vishwanath Pratap Singh en Inde et à la demande du nouveau président sri-lankais Ranasinghe Premadasa. Les derniers navires de l'IPKF ont quitté Sri Lanka en mars 1990. (fr)
  • Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana (em inglês: Indian Peace Keeping Force, IPKF) foi o contingente militar indiano que realizou uma operação de manutenção da paz no Sri Lanka entre 1987 e 1990. Foi formado sob o mandato do Acordo Indo-Cingalês de 1987 que tinha como objetivo acabar com a Guerra Civil do Sri Lanka entre os militantes nacionalistas tâmeis, como os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam (TLTE), e os militares do Sri Lanka. A principal tarefa da Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana era desarmar os diferentes grupos militantes, não apenas os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam. Deveria ser rapidamente seguida pela formação de um Conselho de Administração Provisório. Estas foram as atribuições conforme os termos do Acordo Indo-Cingalês, assinado por ordem do primeiro-ministro indiano Rajiv Gandhi. Dada a escalada do conflito no Sri Lanka, e com o fluxo de refugiados na Índia, Gandhi deu o passo decisivo para promover esse acordo. A Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana seria introduzida no Sri Lanka, a pedido do presidente do Sri Lanka J. R. Jayewardene sob os termos do Acordo. Inicialmente não se esperava que a força se envolvesse em quaisquer combates significativos pelo Alto Comando da Índia. No entanto, dentro de alguns meses, a Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana se envolveu em batalhas com os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam para impor a paz. As diferenças começaram com os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam tentando dominar o Conselho Administrativo Provisório, e também se recusando a desarmar, o que era uma pré-condição para impor a paz na ilha. Logo, essas diferenças levariam os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam a atacar a Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana, altura em que os indianos decidiram desarmar os militantes do TLTE, através da força se necessário. Nos dois anos em que esteve no norte do Sri Lanka, a Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana lançou uma série de operações militares destinadas a destruir a insurgência liderada pelo TLTE. Dada a tática dos Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam em guerra de guerrilha e usando mulheres e crianças como soldados para combater nas batalhas, isso logo se transformou em escaramuças repetidas entre ambos. A Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana começou a se retirar do Sri Lanka em 1989, após a eleição de V. P. Singh na Índia e a pedido do presidente recém-eleito do Sri Lanka . Os últimos contingentes da Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana deixariam o Sri Lanka em março de 1990. (pt)
dbo:activeYearsEndYear
  • 1990-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
dbo:activeYearsStartYear
  • 1987-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
dbo:battle
dbo:country
dbo:militaryBranch
dbo:militaryUnitSize
  • 100,000 (peak)
dbo:notableCommander
dbo:role
  • Peacekeeping
  • Special operations
  • Counterinsurgency
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  • 1785100 (xsd:integer)
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  • 42443 (xsd:nonNegativeInteger)
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  • 1059403484 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageWikiLink
dbp:allegiance
  • India (en)
dbp:battles
dbp:branch
dbp:country
  • Sri Lanka (en)
dbp:dates
  • July 1987 – March 1990 (en)
dbp:decorations
  • One Param Vir Chakra (en)
  • Six Maha Vir Chakras (en)
dbp:notableCommanders
  • dbr:Depinder_Singh
  • dbr:Lieutenant_general
  • Lieutenant General A.S. Kalkat Cap.Shivkaran Alok Dubey Gp.Capt. M.P Premi] VrC, VM IAF (en)
  • Lieutenant General S.C. Sardeshpande (en)
  • Major General Harkirat Singh (en)
dbp:role
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  • 100000 (xsd:integer)
dbp:unitName
  • Indian Peace Keeping Force (en)
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rdf:type
rdfs:comment
  • La Force indienne de maintien de la paix, plus communément appelé en anglais, Indian Peace Keeping Force, et régulièrement abrégé IPKF, était le contingent militaire indien effectuant une opération de maintien de la paix au Sri Lanka entre le 29 juillet 1987 et le 24 mars 1990. Elle a été créée en vertu du mandat de l'Accord indo-sri lankais de 1987 visant à mettre fin à la guerre civile du Sri Lanka entre les Tigres de libération de l'Eelam tamoul (LTTE) et le gouvernement sri-lankais. (fr)
  • Indian Peace Keeping Force (IPKF) was the Indian military contingent performing a peacekeeping operation in Sri Lanka between 1987 and 1990. It was formed under the mandate of the 1987 Indo-Sri Lankan Accord that aimed to end the Sri Lankan Civil War between Sri Lankan Tamil militant groups such as the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) and the Sri Lankan military. India's battle in Sri Lanka is often called 'India's Vietnam' by international media, by way of comparison to American military involvement in the Vietnam War. (en)
  • Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana (em inglês: Indian Peace Keeping Force, IPKF) foi o contingente militar indiano que realizou uma operação de manutenção da paz no Sri Lanka entre 1987 e 1990. Foi formado sob o mandato do Acordo Indo-Cingalês de 1987 que tinha como objetivo acabar com a Guerra Civil do Sri Lanka entre os militantes nacionalistas tâmeis, como os Tigres de Liberação do Tamil Eelam (TLTE), e os militares do Sri Lanka. (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Indian Peace Keeping Force (en)
  • Force indienne de maintien de la paix (fr)
  • Força de Manutenção de Paz Indiana (pt)
rdfs:seeAlso
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foaf:depiction
foaf:isPrimaryTopicOf
foaf:name
  • Indian Peace Keeping Force (en)
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