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The Human Rights Act 1998 (c. 42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and came into force on 2 October 2000. Its aim was to incorporate into UK law the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act makes a remedy for breach of a Convention right available in UK courts, without the need to go to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg.

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dbo:abstract
  • قانون حقوق الإنسان لعام 1998 سي 42 هو قانون البرلمان للمملكة المتحدة، فقد حصل على الموافقة الملكية في 9 نوفمبر 1998، ونُفذ في 2 أكتوبر 2000. هدِف إلى دمج الحقوق الواردة في الاتفاقية الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان في قانون المملكة المتحدة. وضع هذا القانون حلًا للخرق في حقوق المعاهدة، وأتيح في محاكم المملكة المتحدة دون الحاجة للرجوع إلى المحاكم الأوربية لحقوق الإنسان في ستراسبورغ. يجعل القانون تصرف أي هيئة عامة بطريقة تتعارض مع الاتفاقية أمراً غير قانوني على وجه الخصوص ما لم تنص صياغة أي تشريع أولي آخر على خيار آخر. يتطلب من القضاء -بما في ذلك المحاكم- مراعاة أي قرارات أو أحكام أو آراء من المحكمة الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان، وتفسير التشريعات قدر الإمكان بطريقة تتوافق مع حقوق الاتفاقية. رغم ذلك لايجوز للقضاة تجاوزه إذا لم يكن من الممكن تفسير قانون البرلمان لجعله متوافقًا مع الاتفاقية، إذ إن كل ما يمكنهم فعله هو إصدار إعلان بعدم التوافق، فلا يؤثر هذا الإعلان على صلاحية قانون البرلمان، وبهذه الطريقة يسعى قانون حقوق الإنسان إلى الحفاظ على مبدأ السيادة البرلمانية، ومع ذلك يجوز للقضاة إسقاط التشريعات الثانوية بموجب القانون، إذ يحتفظ الأفراد بالحق في رفع دعوى في محكمة ستراسبورج. (ar)
  • Der Human Rights Act 1998 ist ein Gesetz des Vereinigten Königreichs Großbritannien und Nordirland, das 1998 beschlossen wurde und am 2. Oktober 2000 in Kraft trat. Es legt fest, dass alle Menschenrechte, die in der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention niedergelegt sind, ausdrücklich auch im Vereinigten Königreich gelten. Es schaffte u. a. die Todesstrafe ausdrücklich ab, die allerdings de facto schon länger nicht mehr galt.Die Sektion 4 gibt den Richtern die Möglichkeit, bei Unvereinbarkeit eines Gesetzes mit der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention eine Erklärung der Unvereinbarkeit (englisch Declaration of Incompatibility) abzugeben. Das Parlament ist aber gesetzlich nicht dazu verpflichtet, das Gesetz zu ändern. (de)
  • The Human Rights Act 1998 (c. 42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and came into force on 2 October 2000. Its aim was to incorporate into UK law the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act makes a remedy for breach of a Convention right available in UK courts, without the need to go to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg. In particular, the Act makes it unlawful for any public body to act in a way which is incompatible with the convention, unless the wording of any other primary legislation provides no other choice. It also requires the judiciary (including tribunals) to take account of any decisions, judgment or opinion of the European Court of Human Rights, and to interpret legislation, as far as possible, in a way which is compatible with Convention rights. However, if it is not possible to interpret an Act of Parliament so as to make it compatible with the convention, the judges are not allowed to override it. All they can do is issue a declaration of incompatibility. This declaration does not affect the validity of the Act of Parliament: in that way, the Human Rights Act seeks to maintain the principle of parliamentary sovereignty, pursuant to the Constitution of the United Kingdom. However, judges may strike down secondary legislation. Under the Act, individuals retain the right to sue in the Strasbourg court. Former Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the Act from 2007 and proposed to replace it with a "British Bill of Rights" during his second ministry. A potential replacement has not taken place yet. (en)
  • Le Human Rights Act 1998 est une loi britannique adoptée par le Parlement du Royaume-Uni qui reçoit la sanction royale le 9 novembre 1998 et entre en application le 2 octobre 2000. Elle prévoit notamment l'incorporation de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme de 1953 dans le droit britannique. Son titre entier est le suivant : « An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purposes. ». (fr)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (c42) adalah sebuah Undang-Undang Parlemen Britania Raya yang menerima pengesahan kerajaan pada 9 November 1998, dan mulai berlaku pada 2 Oktober 2000. Tujuannya adalah untuk memasukkan hak-hak yang tertuang di dalam Konvensi Hak Asasi Manusia Eropa ke dalam hukum Inggris. (in)
  • L'Human Rights Act 1998, in italiano, Legge dei diritti umani del 1998, è una legge promulgata dal Parlamento del Regno Unito che ha ricevuto la sanzione regia il 9 novembre 1998, poi entrata in vigore il 2 ottobre 2000. La legge stabilisce che tutti i diritti umani enunciati nella Convenzione europea per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali si applicano esplicitamente al Regno Unito. Abolisce, inoltre, in modo esplicito la pena di morte, che di fatto non viene applicata già da molto tempo. L'articolo 4 dà ai giudici la possibilità di dichiarare una legge incompatibile con la Convenzione europea dei diritti dell'uomo; tuttavia, il Parlamento non è legalmente obbligato a modificare la legge. (it)
  • 1998년 영국 인권법은 영국 의회가 제정하여 영국 국왕의 제가를 받아 2000년 10월 2일에 공포된 법률로 유럽 인권 조약의 권리를 영국의 법에 수용하는 법안이다. 법은 유럽 인권 조약 위반에 대한 영국법 내 구제책을 수립하였고 공공기관으로 하여금 협약과 불일치하는 행위를 금하고 있다. (ko)
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dbp:longTitle
  • An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purposes. (en)
dbp:originalText
dbp:parliament
  • Parliament of the United Kingdom (en)
dbp:relatedLegislation
  • Human Rights Act 1998 Order 2004, SI 2004/1574 . (en)
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  • 1998-11-09 (xsd:date)
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  • Human Rights Act 1998 (en)
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  • 1998 (xsd:integer)
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  • United Kingdom (en)
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  • Der Human Rights Act 1998 ist ein Gesetz des Vereinigten Königreichs Großbritannien und Nordirland, das 1998 beschlossen wurde und am 2. Oktober 2000 in Kraft trat. Es legt fest, dass alle Menschenrechte, die in der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention niedergelegt sind, ausdrücklich auch im Vereinigten Königreich gelten. Es schaffte u. a. die Todesstrafe ausdrücklich ab, die allerdings de facto schon länger nicht mehr galt.Die Sektion 4 gibt den Richtern die Möglichkeit, bei Unvereinbarkeit eines Gesetzes mit der Europäischen Menschenrechtskonvention eine Erklärung der Unvereinbarkeit (englisch Declaration of Incompatibility) abzugeben. Das Parlament ist aber gesetzlich nicht dazu verpflichtet, das Gesetz zu ändern. (de)
  • Le Human Rights Act 1998 est une loi britannique adoptée par le Parlement du Royaume-Uni qui reçoit la sanction royale le 9 novembre 1998 et entre en application le 2 octobre 2000. Elle prévoit notamment l'incorporation de la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme de 1953 dans le droit britannique. Son titre entier est le suivant : « An Act to give further effect to rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights; to make provision with respect to holders of certain judicial offices who become judges of the European Court of Human Rights; and for connected purposes. ». (fr)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (c42) adalah sebuah Undang-Undang Parlemen Britania Raya yang menerima pengesahan kerajaan pada 9 November 1998, dan mulai berlaku pada 2 Oktober 2000. Tujuannya adalah untuk memasukkan hak-hak yang tertuang di dalam Konvensi Hak Asasi Manusia Eropa ke dalam hukum Inggris. (in)
  • L'Human Rights Act 1998, in italiano, Legge dei diritti umani del 1998, è una legge promulgata dal Parlamento del Regno Unito che ha ricevuto la sanzione regia il 9 novembre 1998, poi entrata in vigore il 2 ottobre 2000. La legge stabilisce che tutti i diritti umani enunciati nella Convenzione europea per la salvaguardia dei diritti dell'uomo e delle libertà fondamentali si applicano esplicitamente al Regno Unito. Abolisce, inoltre, in modo esplicito la pena di morte, che di fatto non viene applicata già da molto tempo. L'articolo 4 dà ai giudici la possibilità di dichiarare una legge incompatibile con la Convenzione europea dei diritti dell'uomo; tuttavia, il Parlamento non è legalmente obbligato a modificare la legge. (it)
  • 1998년 영국 인권법은 영국 의회가 제정하여 영국 국왕의 제가를 받아 2000년 10월 2일에 공포된 법률로 유럽 인권 조약의 권리를 영국의 법에 수용하는 법안이다. 법은 유럽 인권 조약 위반에 대한 영국법 내 구제책을 수립하였고 공공기관으로 하여금 협약과 불일치하는 행위를 금하고 있다. (ko)
  • قانون حقوق الإنسان لعام 1998 سي 42 هو قانون البرلمان للمملكة المتحدة، فقد حصل على الموافقة الملكية في 9 نوفمبر 1998، ونُفذ في 2 أكتوبر 2000. هدِف إلى دمج الحقوق الواردة في الاتفاقية الأوروبية لحقوق الإنسان في قانون المملكة المتحدة. وضع هذا القانون حلًا للخرق في حقوق المعاهدة، وأتيح في محاكم المملكة المتحدة دون الحاجة للرجوع إلى المحاكم الأوربية لحقوق الإنسان في ستراسبورغ. (ar)
  • The Human Rights Act 1998 (c. 42) is an Act of Parliament of the United Kingdom which received Royal Assent on 9 November 1998, and came into force on 2 October 2000. Its aim was to incorporate into UK law the rights contained in the European Convention on Human Rights. The Act makes a remedy for breach of a Convention right available in UK courts, without the need to go to the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR) in Strasbourg. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (en)
  • قانون حقوق الإنسان لعام 1998 (ar)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (de)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (in)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (it)
  • Human Rights Act 1998 (fr)
  • 1998년 영국 인권법 (ko)
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