The House of Sallust (also known in earlier excavation reports as the House of Actaeon) is a domus or elite residence in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii (VI, 2, 4). The oldest parts of the house have been dated to the 4th century BCE, but the main expansions were built in the 2nd century BCE during the Roman period. The long history of this structure provides important evidence about the development of elite residences in Pompeii. The house is located on the east side of the Via Consolare. It received its modern name from an election notice placed on the facade, recommending Gaius Sallustius for office. An alternative name is the House of A. Cossus Libanus, from a seal found in the ruins. The site was later damaged by a bomb in World War II, and was restored in 1970.

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dbo:abstract
  • Sallustiův dům (ital. Casa di Sallustio) je obytná soukromá stavba v archeologické lokalitě Pompeje. Je situován v severozápadní části města na křižovatce ulic Via Consolare a Vicolo di Mercurio. Byl pojmenován podle volebního nápisu na svém průčelí, který vyzývá ke zvolení C. Sallustia. Pravděpodobným majitelem ale byl podle nalezeného pečetidla jistý A. Cossius Libanus. Dům po objevení vyvolal senzaci svou vznešenou freskovou výzdobou řadící se k I. výtvarnému stylu a rozlohou svých vnitřních prostor. Byl vystavěn pravděpodobně v první polovině 2. století př. n. l. Stejně jako mnohé jiné budovy ve městě prošel několika stavebními úpravami. Původně měl vzhled jednoduchého a přísně racionálního domu. Kolem roku 80 př. n. l. byly v jeho prostorovém rozvržení provedeny zásadní změny. K poslední přestavbě došlo po zemětřesení v roce 62 n. l. Tehdy se z přepychového městského sídla stal hostinec. Dvě místnosti v západní části se změnily na a v severozápadní části domu přibyla pekárna. V tomto stavu dům setrval až do své zkázy v roce 79. Dnešnímu návštěvníkovi umožňuje udělat si představu o vzhledu staveb tohoto druhu ve městě. (cs)
  • La casa di Sallustio è una domus situata nell'antica Pompei (VI, 2, 4). (it)
  • The House of Sallust (also known in earlier excavation reports as the House of Actaeon) is a domus or elite residence in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii (VI, 2, 4). The oldest parts of the house have been dated to the 4th century BCE, but the main expansions were built in the 2nd century BCE during the Roman period. The long history of this structure provides important evidence about the development of elite residences in Pompeii. The house is located on the east side of the Via Consolare. It received its modern name from an election notice placed on the facade, recommending Gaius Sallustius for office. An alternative name is the House of A. Cossus Libanus, from a seal found in the ruins. The site was later damaged by a bomb in World War II, and was restored in 1970. The house was first excavated between 1805 and 1809 followed by the reproduction of its extensive artworks by artists until 1817, a turbulent period of great political changes for Naples. Since archaeologists at Pompeii were subsidized by the government, this meant funds available for excavation shifted radically with each change of authority. In January 1799, with Napoleon's troops already stationed in Naples, a rebellion led by progressive aristocrats expelled King Ferdinand and established a republic for a few months. Then this newly established but poorly funded republic was overthrown by conservative forces who reinstated the king. In 1806, right in the midst of excavations of the house, Napoleon drove away King Ferdinand and imposed his own brother, Joseph Bonaparte, as king until 1808, when Napoleon ordered the crown passed to his brother-in-law, Joaquim Murat. Murat’s consort, Napoleon’s younger sister, Caroline Bonaparte, invested her own funds into excavations, engaging six hundred workmen to continue the task. But, In June 1815, King Ferdinand returned again, now as King of the Two Sicilies, and sent Murat before a firing squad in September of that year. The archaeologists' funding dwindled drastically as the restored monarch cut the number of excavators at work in Pompeii from three hundred to a mere thirteen. (en)
  • A Casa de Salústio é uma antiga casa samnita que posteriormente tornou-se um hospitiums ou hotel, encontrada no sitio arqueológico de Pompeia e possivelmente datada do século II a.C. Foi descoberta com suas primeiras escavações realizadas entre 1805 e 1809, contudo muito foi perdido e destruído com os bombardeios sofridos durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial em 1943, sendo restaurada somente em 1970. Encontra-se localizada ao leste da Via Consolare, uma rua que se estende do Portão de Herculano até o Fórum de Pompeia. Recebeu esse nome graças a um anúncio nomeando Caius Sallustius para a eleição, encontrado originalmente na fachada, porém atualmente não é mais visível. Também conhecida como Casa de Actaeon e Casa de Cossus Libanus. Tornou-se conhecida por ser a casa a preservar em seu átrio, asa e tablinum, o Primeiro Estilo de pintura romana mais antigo encontrado em Pompeia. (pt)
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  • La casa di Sallustio è una domus situata nell'antica Pompei (VI, 2, 4). (it)
  • Sallustiův dům (ital. Casa di Sallustio) je obytná soukromá stavba v archeologické lokalitě Pompeje. Je situován v severozápadní části města na křižovatce ulic Via Consolare a Vicolo di Mercurio. Byl pojmenován podle volebního nápisu na svém průčelí, který vyzývá ke zvolení C. Sallustia. Pravděpodobným majitelem ale byl podle nalezeného pečetidla jistý A. Cossius Libanus. Dům po objevení vyvolal senzaci svou vznešenou freskovou výzdobou řadící se k I. výtvarnému stylu a rozlohou svých vnitřních prostor. Dnešnímu návštěvníkovi umožňuje udělat si představu o vzhledu staveb tohoto druhu ve městě. (cs)
  • The House of Sallust (also known in earlier excavation reports as the House of Actaeon) is a domus or elite residence in the ancient Roman city of Pompeii (VI, 2, 4). The oldest parts of the house have been dated to the 4th century BCE, but the main expansions were built in the 2nd century BCE during the Roman period. The long history of this structure provides important evidence about the development of elite residences in Pompeii. The house is located on the east side of the Via Consolare. It received its modern name from an election notice placed on the facade, recommending Gaius Sallustius for office. An alternative name is the House of A. Cossus Libanus, from a seal found in the ruins. The site was later damaged by a bomb in World War II, and was restored in 1970. (en)
  • A Casa de Salústio é uma antiga casa samnita que posteriormente tornou-se um hospitiums ou hotel, encontrada no sitio arqueológico de Pompeia e possivelmente datada do século II a.C. Foi descoberta com suas primeiras escavações realizadas entre 1805 e 1809, contudo muito foi perdido e destruído com os bombardeios sofridos durante a Segunda Guerra Mundial em 1943, sendo restaurada somente em 1970. Encontra-se localizada ao leste da Via Consolare, uma rua que se estende do Portão de Herculano até o Fórum de Pompeia. Recebeu esse nome graças a um anúncio nomeando Caius Sallustius para a eleição, encontrado originalmente na fachada, porém atualmente não é mais visível. Também conhecida como Casa de Actaeon e Casa de Cossus Libanus. Tornou-se conhecida por ser a casa a preservar em seu átrio, (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Sallustiův dům (cs)
  • House of Sallust (en)
  • Casa di Sallustio (it)
  • Casa de Salústio (pt)
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