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The Holy Cross dispute occurred in 2001 and 2002 in the Ardoyne area of north Belfast, Northern Ireland. During the 30-year conflict known as the Troubles, Ardoyne had become segregated – Ulster Protestants and Irish Catholics lived in separate areas. This left Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls, in the middle of a Protestant area. In June 2001—during the last week of school before the summer break—Protestant loyalists began picketing the school, claiming that Catholics were regularly attacking their homes and denying them access to facilities.

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dbo:abstract
  • Die Holy Cross Catholic Primary School (Holy-Cross-Grundschule) ist eine katholische Mädchen-Grundschule im Norden der nordirischen Hauptstadt Belfast. 2001 wurde sie im Zuge des Nordirlandkonfliktes überregional bekannt. (de)
  • Le conflit de l'école Holy Cross s'est déroulé entre 2001 et 2002 en Irlande du Nord, dans le quartier d'Ardoyne au nord de Belfast. À la suite de 30 ans de Conflit nord-irlandais, Ardoyne était devenu ségréguée : les protestants britanniques vivent dans certains quartiers et les catholiques irlandais dans d'autres. Une école primaire catholique s'est ainsi retrouvée au cœur d'un quartier protestant. En juin 2001, des loyalistes commencent un piquet de grève devant l'école, souhaitant empêcher le passage des catholiques dans leur quartier. L'incident se transforme en affrontement communautaire, la police anti-émeute, soutenue par l'armée britannique, devant escorter quotidiennement les enfants et leurs parents au milieu des jets de pierre, de bombes artisanales et parfois de tirs d'armes à feu. Les violences ont été condamnées aussi bien par les catholiques que les protestants, et certains ont comparé les événements à la ségrégation raciale aux États-Unis. Le premier piquet de grève a eu lieu en juin, au cours de la dernière semaine d'école avant les vacances d'été. La grève a repris le 3 septembre, lors de la rentrée scolaire, et a duré jusqu'au 23 novembre. (fr)
  • The Holy Cross dispute occurred in 2001 and 2002 in the Ardoyne area of north Belfast, Northern Ireland. During the 30-year conflict known as the Troubles, Ardoyne had become segregated – Ulster Protestants and Irish Catholics lived in separate areas. This left Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls, in the middle of a Protestant area. In June 2001—during the last week of school before the summer break—Protestant loyalists began picketing the school, claiming that Catholics were regularly attacking their homes and denying them access to facilities. The picket resumed on 3 September, when the new school term began. For weeks, hundreds of loyalist protesters tried to stop the schoolchildren and their parents from walking to school through their area. Hundreds of riot police, backed up by British soldiers, escorted the children and parents through the protest each day. Some protesters shouted sectarian abuse and threw stones, bricks, fireworks, blast bombs and urine-filled balloons at the schoolchildren, their parents and the police. The "scenes of frightened Catholic schoolgirls running a gauntlet of abuse from loyalist protesters as they walked to school captured world headlines". Death threats were made against the parents and school staff by the Red Hand Defenders, a loyalist paramilitary group. The protest was condemned by both Catholics and Protestants, including politicians. Some likened the protest to child abuse and compared the protesters to North American white supremacists in the 1950s. During this time, the protest sparked bouts of fierce rioting between Catholics and Protestants in Ardoyne, and loyalist attacks on police. On 23 November, the loyalists ended the protest after being promised tighter security for their area and a redevelopment scheme. The security forces remained outside the school for several months after. In January 2002, a scuffle between a Protestant and a Catholic outside the school sparked a large-scale riot in the area and attacks on other schools in north Belfast. The picket was not resumed and the situation has been mostly quiet since then. The following year, the BBC aired a documentary-drama about the protests. (en)
  • Holy Cross-kravallerna var en konflikt som blossade upp 2001 mellan föräldrarna till skolbarnen i Holy Cross katolska flickskola från Ardoyne och lojalistiska protestanter i området Glenbryn i norra Belfast. De katolska skolbarnens närmaste väg till skolan gick genom ett protestantiskt område. Föräldrarna ansåg att barnen hade rätt att gå den vägen, alternativet var att ta en längre omväg, men protestanterna uppfattades det som en provokation från katolikerna och försökte stoppa dem från att gå igenom protestantiskt område. Våldsamheter utbröt och flera personer skadades och barnen blev tvungna att ha eskort av polis och militär på vägen till skolan. (sv)
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dbp:caption
  • A pupil from Holy Cross Girls School with a British soldier (en)
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  • 170 (xsd:integer)
dbp:date
  • --06-19
dbp:methods
  • (en)
  • Rioting (en)
  • Picketing (en)
  • Verbal and physical abuse (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • * Numerous police and civilians injured * Damage to cars and property * Children suffering from trauma * Tighter security introduced (en)
dbp:side
  • Security forces, schoolchildren and parents (en)
  • Ulster loyalist protesters, including members of Red Hand Defenders (en)
dbp:title
  • Holy Cross dispute (en)
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  • Die Holy Cross Catholic Primary School (Holy-Cross-Grundschule) ist eine katholische Mädchen-Grundschule im Norden der nordirischen Hauptstadt Belfast. 2001 wurde sie im Zuge des Nordirlandkonfliktes überregional bekannt. (de)
  • Holy Cross-kravallerna var en konflikt som blossade upp 2001 mellan föräldrarna till skolbarnen i Holy Cross katolska flickskola från Ardoyne och lojalistiska protestanter i området Glenbryn i norra Belfast. De katolska skolbarnens närmaste väg till skolan gick genom ett protestantiskt område. Föräldrarna ansåg att barnen hade rätt att gå den vägen, alternativet var att ta en längre omväg, men protestanterna uppfattades det som en provokation från katolikerna och försökte stoppa dem från att gå igenom protestantiskt område. Våldsamheter utbröt och flera personer skadades och barnen blev tvungna att ha eskort av polis och militär på vägen till skolan. (sv)
  • The Holy Cross dispute occurred in 2001 and 2002 in the Ardoyne area of north Belfast, Northern Ireland. During the 30-year conflict known as the Troubles, Ardoyne had become segregated – Ulster Protestants and Irish Catholics lived in separate areas. This left Holy Cross, a Catholic primary school for girls, in the middle of a Protestant area. In June 2001—during the last week of school before the summer break—Protestant loyalists began picketing the school, claiming that Catholics were regularly attacking their homes and denying them access to facilities. (en)
  • Le conflit de l'école Holy Cross s'est déroulé entre 2001 et 2002 en Irlande du Nord, dans le quartier d'Ardoyne au nord de Belfast. À la suite de 30 ans de Conflit nord-irlandais, Ardoyne était devenu ségréguée : les protestants britanniques vivent dans certains quartiers et les catholiques irlandais dans d'autres. Une école primaire catholique s'est ainsi retrouvée au cœur d'un quartier protestant. En juin 2001, des loyalistes commencent un piquet de grève devant l'école, souhaitant empêcher le passage des catholiques dans leur quartier. L'incident se transforme en affrontement communautaire, la police anti-émeute, soutenue par l'armée britannique, devant escorter quotidiennement les enfants et leurs parents au milieu des jets de pierre, de bombes artisanales et parfois de tirs d'armes à (fr)
rdfs:label
  • Holy Cross Catholic Primary School (de)
  • Holy Cross dispute (en)
  • Conflit de l'école Holy Cross (fr)
  • Holy Cross-kravallerna (sv)
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