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The history of the administrative divisions of the Imperial China is quite complex. Across history, what is called 'China' has taken many shapes, and many political organizations. For various reasons, both the borders and names of political divisions have changed—sometimes to follow topography, sometimes to weaken former states by dividing them, and sometimes to realize a philosophical or historical ideal. For recent times, the number of recorded tiny changes is quite large; by contrast, the lack of clear, trustworthy data for ancient times forces historians and geographers to draw approximate borders for respective divisions. But thanks to imperial records and geographic descriptions, political divisions may often be redrawn with some precision. Natural changes, such as changes in a river

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  • Provincie (čínsky v českém přepisu šeng, pchin-jinem shěng, znaky 省) je označení pro správní jednotku v Čínské lidové republice a některých předešlých čínských státech. V Číně provincie vznikly ve 13. století, v říši Jüan, jako regionální správní útvary nejvyšší úrovně. V následujících říších Ming a Čching byly jejich hranice měněny a postupně se blížily k dnešnímu stavu. V systému členění Čínské lidové republiky patří mezi správní jednotky první (neboli provinční) úrovně, vedle autonomních oblastí, přímo spravovaných měst a zvláštních správních oblastí. (cs)
  • L'histoire de l'administration territoriale de la Chine avant 1912 est complexe. Au cours de l'histoire, ce qui est communément appelé Chine a pris différentes formes et organisations politiques. Pour diverses raisons, à la fois les frontières et les noms des divisions politiques ont changé : parfois pour suivre la topographie, parfois pour affaiblir d'anciens États en les divisant et parfois pour réaliser un idéal philosophique ou historique. Dans l'histoire plus récente, le nombre de petits changements enregistrés est assez important. Au contraire, le manque d'informations claires et véridiques des temps anciens force les historiens et géographes à dessiner des frontières approximatives pour les différentes divisions. Toutefois, grâce aux archives impériales et aux descriptions géographiques, les divisions politiques peuvent parfois être redessinées avec précision. Pourtant, les changements naturels, tels que les changements dans le cours d'une rivière (La rivière Huang He est connue pour ces situations, mais d'autres cours d'eau ont pu être affectés également), ou le manque d'information peuvent rendre difficiles les reconstitutions des tracés pour les temps anciens. (fr)
  • The history of the administrative divisions of the Imperial China is quite complex. Across history, what is called 'China' has taken many shapes, and many political organizations. For various reasons, both the borders and names of political divisions have changed—sometimes to follow topography, sometimes to weaken former states by dividing them, and sometimes to realize a philosophical or historical ideal. For recent times, the number of recorded tiny changes is quite large; by contrast, the lack of clear, trustworthy data for ancient times forces historians and geographers to draw approximate borders for respective divisions. But thanks to imperial records and geographic descriptions, political divisions may often be redrawn with some precision. Natural changes, such as changes in a river's course (known for the Huang He, but also occurring for others), or loss of data, still make this issue difficult for ancient times. (en)
  • A história das divisões administrativas da China Imperial é bastante complexa. Em toda a história, o que se chama 'China' tomou muitas formas e muitas organizações políticas. Por várias razões, as fronteiras e os nomes das divisões políticas mudaram - às vezes para seguir a topografia, às vezes para enfraquecer estados anteriores dividindo-os, e por vezes, para realizar um ideal filosófico ou histórico. Nos últimos tempos, o número de pequenas mudanças registradas é bastante grande; Em contrapartida, a falta de dados claros e confiáveis para os tempos antigos obriga historiadores e geógrafos a desenhar fronteiras aproximadas para as respectivas divisões. Mas graças aos registros imperiais e às descrições geográficas, as divisões políticas muitas vezes podem ser redesenhadas com alguma precisão. Mudanças naturais, como mudanças no curso de um rio (conhecida para o Huang He, mas também ocorre para outros), ou perda de dados, ainda dificulta essa questão nos tempos antigos. História das divisões administrativas da China A História das divisões administrativas da China é abordada nos seguintes artigos: * História das divisões administrativas da China antes de 1912 * História das divisões administrativas da China (1912–1949) (República da China no continente) * História das divisões administrativas da China (1949–presente) (República Popular da China) * Divisões administrativas da China * Distritos de Hong Kong * Instituto para os Assuntos Cívicos e Municipais (Macau: Municípios e paróquias) * Divisões administrativas da República da China (Taiwan) (pt)
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  • 852309 (xsd:integer)
dbo:wikiPageLength
  • 54632 (xsd:nonNegativeInteger)
dbo:wikiPageRevisionID
  • 1017676412 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:date
  • April 2020 (en)
dbp:reason
  • according to Dictionary of the Ben Cao Gang Mu, there appear to be many more Song dynasty circuits than mentioned here (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • Provincie (čínsky v českém přepisu šeng, pchin-jinem shěng, znaky 省) je označení pro správní jednotku v Čínské lidové republice a některých předešlých čínských státech. V Číně provincie vznikly ve 13. století, v říši Jüan, jako regionální správní útvary nejvyšší úrovně. V následujících říších Ming a Čching byly jejich hranice měněny a postupně se blížily k dnešnímu stavu. V systému členění Čínské lidové republiky patří mezi správní jednotky první (neboli provinční) úrovně, vedle autonomních oblastí, přímo spravovaných měst a zvláštních správních oblastí. (cs)
  • The history of the administrative divisions of the Imperial China is quite complex. Across history, what is called 'China' has taken many shapes, and many political organizations. For various reasons, both the borders and names of political divisions have changed—sometimes to follow topography, sometimes to weaken former states by dividing them, and sometimes to realize a philosophical or historical ideal. For recent times, the number of recorded tiny changes is quite large; by contrast, the lack of clear, trustworthy data for ancient times forces historians and geographers to draw approximate borders for respective divisions. But thanks to imperial records and geographic descriptions, political divisions may often be redrawn with some precision. Natural changes, such as changes in a river (en)
  • L'histoire de l'administration territoriale de la Chine avant 1912 est complexe. Au cours de l'histoire, ce qui est communément appelé Chine a pris différentes formes et organisations politiques. Pour diverses raisons, à la fois les frontières et les noms des divisions politiques ont changé : parfois pour suivre la topographie, parfois pour affaiblir d'anciens États en les divisant et parfois pour réaliser un idéal philosophique ou historique. Dans l'histoire plus récente, le nombre de petits changements enregistrés est assez important. Au contraire, le manque d'informations claires et véridiques des temps anciens force les historiens et géographes à dessiner des frontières approximatives pour les différentes divisions. Toutefois, grâce aux archives impériales et aux descriptions géographi (fr)
  • A história das divisões administrativas da China Imperial é bastante complexa. Em toda a história, o que se chama 'China' tomou muitas formas e muitas organizações políticas. Por várias razões, as fronteiras e os nomes das divisões políticas mudaram - às vezes para seguir a topografia, às vezes para enfraquecer estados anteriores dividindo-os, e por vezes, para realizar um ideal filosófico ou histórico. Nos últimos tempos, o número de pequenas mudanças registradas é bastante grande; Em contrapartida, a falta de dados claros e confiáveis para os tempos antigos obriga historiadores e geógrafos a desenhar fronteiras aproximadas para as respectivas divisões. Mas graças aos registros imperiais e às descrições geográficas, as divisões políticas muitas vezes podem ser redesenhadas com alguma prec (pt)
rdfs:label
  • Historie provincií v Číně (cs)
  • History of the administrative divisions of China before 1912 (en)
  • Histoire de l'administration territoriale de la Chine avant 1912 (fr)
  • História das divisões administrativas da China antes de 1912 (pt)
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