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For millennia, agriculture has played an important role in the Chinese economy and society. By the time the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, virtually all arable land was under cultivation; irrigation and drainage systems constructed centuries earlier and intensive farming practices already produced relatively high yields. But little prime virgin land was available to support population growth and economic development. However, after a decline in production as a result of the Great Leap Forward (1958–60), agricultural reforms implemented in the 1980s increased yields and promised even greater future production from existing cultivated land.

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  • For millennia, agriculture has played an important role in the Chinese economy and society. By the time the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, virtually all arable land was under cultivation; irrigation and drainage systems constructed centuries earlier and intensive farming practices already produced relatively high yields. But little prime virgin land was available to support population growth and economic development. However, after a decline in production as a result of the Great Leap Forward (1958–60), agricultural reforms implemented in the 1980s increased yields and promised even greater future production from existing cultivated land. (en)
  • 4000余年来,中国一直是农民為主的国家。到1949年中华人民共和国成立时,農業仍是主軸,几乎所有的耕地都在耕作;几个世纪前建成的灌溉和排水系统运作良好,精耕细作的方式已经产生了相对较高的产量。有限的古老耕地仍可用于支持人口增长和经济发展。但是,大跃进造成了农业生产的大幅下降(1958-1960年),这之后,1980年代实施的农业改革提高了单位产量,而且後續還有增長。 (zh)
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  • For millennia, agriculture has played an important role in the Chinese economy and society. By the time the People's Republic of China was established in 1949, virtually all arable land was under cultivation; irrigation and drainage systems constructed centuries earlier and intensive farming practices already produced relatively high yields. But little prime virgin land was available to support population growth and economic development. However, after a decline in production as a result of the Great Leap Forward (1958–60), agricultural reforms implemented in the 1980s increased yields and promised even greater future production from existing cultivated land. (en)
  • 4000余年来,中国一直是农民為主的国家。到1949年中华人民共和国成立时,農業仍是主軸,几乎所有的耕地都在耕作;几个世纪前建成的灌溉和排水系统运作良好,精耕细作的方式已经产生了相对较高的产量。有限的古老耕地仍可用于支持人口增长和经济发展。但是,大跃进造成了农业生产的大幅下降(1958-1960年),这之后,1980年代实施的农业改革提高了单位产量,而且後續還有增長。 (zh)
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  • History of agriculture in China (en)
  • 中华人民共和国农业史 (zh)
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