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The area around modern-day Edinburgh has been inhabited for thousands of years. Its origins as a settlement can be traced to the early Middle Ages when a hillfort was established in the area, most likely on the Castle Rock. From the seventh to the tenth centuries it was part of the Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria, becoming thereafter a royal residence of the Scottish kings. The town that developed next to the stronghold was established by royal charter in the early 12th century, and by the middle of the 14th century was being described as the capital of Scotland. The area known as the New Town was added from the second half of the 18th century onwards. Edinburgh was Scotland's largest city until Glasgow outgrew it in the first two decades of the 19th century. Following Scottish devolution i

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  • The area around modern-day Edinburgh has been inhabited for thousands of years. Its origins as a settlement can be traced to the early Middle Ages when a hillfort was established in the area, most likely on the Castle Rock. From the seventh to the tenth centuries it was part of the Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria, becoming thereafter a royal residence of the Scottish kings. The town that developed next to the stronghold was established by royal charter in the early 12th century, and by the middle of the 14th century was being described as the capital of Scotland. The area known as the New Town was added from the second half of the 18th century onwards. Edinburgh was Scotland's largest city until Glasgow outgrew it in the first two decades of the 19th century. Following Scottish devolution in the very late 20th century, Scotland's Parliament was established in Edinburgh. (en)
  • 本項では、スコットランドの都市エディンバラの歴史(エディンバラのれきし)について述べる。 現在のエディンバラ周辺地域には数千年以上前から人々が進出していた。 エディンバラの定住地としての起源は、土塁がおそらく現在のキャッスルロックに築かれた中世初期まで遡ることができる。7世紀から10世紀まで、エディンバラは七王国の一つであるノーサンブリア王国の一部であり、その後スコットランド人の王の居城となった。 城下街の区域は12世紀に王の特許状を根拠として築かれ、14世紀にはスコットランドの首都となった。 現在新市街として知られる区画は18世紀後半に新しく作られたものである。 エディンバラは19世紀前半にグラスゴーに抜かれるまでスコットランド最大の都市であった。 (ja)
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  • 本項では、スコットランドの都市エディンバラの歴史(エディンバラのれきし)について述べる。 現在のエディンバラ周辺地域には数千年以上前から人々が進出していた。 エディンバラの定住地としての起源は、土塁がおそらく現在のキャッスルロックに築かれた中世初期まで遡ることができる。7世紀から10世紀まで、エディンバラは七王国の一つであるノーサンブリア王国の一部であり、その後スコットランド人の王の居城となった。 城下街の区域は12世紀に王の特許状を根拠として築かれ、14世紀にはスコットランドの首都となった。 現在新市街として知られる区画は18世紀後半に新しく作られたものである。 エディンバラは19世紀前半にグラスゴーに抜かれるまでスコットランド最大の都市であった。 (ja)
  • The area around modern-day Edinburgh has been inhabited for thousands of years. Its origins as a settlement can be traced to the early Middle Ages when a hillfort was established in the area, most likely on the Castle Rock. From the seventh to the tenth centuries it was part of the Anglian Kingdom of Northumbria, becoming thereafter a royal residence of the Scottish kings. The town that developed next to the stronghold was established by royal charter in the early 12th century, and by the middle of the 14th century was being described as the capital of Scotland. The area known as the New Town was added from the second half of the 18th century onwards. Edinburgh was Scotland's largest city until Glasgow outgrew it in the first two decades of the 19th century. Following Scottish devolution i (en)
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  • History of Edinburgh (en)
  • エディンバラの歴史 (ja)
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