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Hippolito Salviani (1514–1572) was an Italian physician, scholar and naturalist, noted for his Renaissance book Aquatilium animalium historiae, depicting about hundred Mediterranean fish species, some from Illyria, and a few mollusks. He also wrote works on medicine, such as that dealing with Galen's theory of crises, and a topical play. Salviani taught at the University of Rome until 1568. From 1550 until 1555 he was chief physician to the House of Farnese and three successive popes, Pope Julius III, Pope Marcellus II and Pope Paul IV. Salviani died in Rome, aged about 58.

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  • Hipolito Salviani (1514-1572) estis itala kuracisto, zoologo, iktiologo, erudiciulo, naturalisto kaj botanikisto. Li estis pioniro pri biologiaj ilustraĵoj kies propra bildo aperas en la frontispico de lia plej fama verko. Li gajnis famon kaj en la praktikado de la medicino kaj kiel instruisto en la universitato. Lia kvincent paĝa verko pri fiŝoj donas kompletan kaj precizan priskribon pri la naturo kaj kutimoj de la fiŝoj, kies paĝoj estas ilustritaj per ne malpli ol cent gravuraĵoj. Aldone, li priskribas la vivojn de kelkaj senvertebruloj kaj cefalopodoj. (eo)
  • Ippolito Salviani (1514, Città di Castello 1572, Roma) fue un médico, zoólogo, botánico italiano. (es)
  • Hippolito Salviani (1514–1572) was an Italian physician, scholar and naturalist, noted for his Renaissance book Aquatilium animalium historiae, depicting about hundred Mediterranean fish species, some from Illyria, and a few mollusks. He also wrote works on medicine, such as that dealing with Galen's theory of crises, and a topical play. Salviani taught at the University of Rome until 1568. From 1550 until 1555 he was chief physician to the House of Farnese and three successive popes, Pope Julius III, Pope Marcellus II and Pope Paul IV. Salviani was born in Città di Castello. He studied medicine, developing a great interest in ichthyology and in natural history generally. He enjoyed the financial support of Cardinal Cervini (later Pope Marcellus II), enabling him to explore the Mediterranean coastline. Cervini's death caused Salviani to dedicate the work to Pope Paul IV. Aristotle's work on fish species is one of the earliest known. In the 1500s fish enjoyed a renewed interest in both France and Italy. 1551 saw the appearance of Pierre Belon’s Histoire naturelle des estranges poissons marins, illustrated by woodcuts. In 1554 Guillaume Rondelet’s De piscibus marinis was published, also using woodcuts. Salviani’s work was published in parts over a period of three years. Its use of copper engraving was well-suited to depicting fish, and greatly superior to woodcuts with its lifelike rendition of eyes and scales. The copper engravings have a scientific appearance, but some details, like the correct number and position of the scales were omitted. Nicolas Béatrizet probably designed the title-page and the fish illustrations were made by Antoine Lafréry. Another theory is that they were drawn by the Italian painter and engraved by Nicolas Béatrizet. Salviani's Aquatilium animalium historiae (1554-1558) only deals with animals personally observed and handled by him. He noted that cephalopods were distinct from fishes. He collected most of the fishes for his studies from the market in Rome. Salviani died in Rome, aged about 58. (en)
  • Ippolito Salviani est un médecin, zoologiste et botaniste italien, né en 1514 à Città di Castello et mort en 1572 à Rome. (fr)
  • Ippolito Salviani (Città di Castello, 1514 – Roma, 1572) è stato un medico, letterato e naturalista italiano. Insegnò all'Università di Roma fino al 1568 seguendo da archiatra la salute dei papi Giulio III, Marcello II, Paolo IV. Restò famoso per la pubblicazione dell'opera di zoologia più famosa del Rinascimento, Aquatilium animalium historia, dove venivano illustrati centinaia di pesci mediterranei, rendendo il Salviani uno dei padri dell'ittiologia. Scrisse opere di medicina ed un'opera teatrale, particolarmente diffusa in quell'epoca: La ruffiana. (it)
  • Ippolito Salviani of Hippolyto Salviani (Città di Castello, 1514 – Rome, 1572) was een Italiaans arts en zoöloog. Hij voegde zelf vaak Typhernas of Tiphernas (Typhernate of Tiphernate) aan zijn naam toe, wat betekent 'uit Città di Castello', waarvan de romeinse naam Tifernum was. Hij wordt vooral herinnerd als de auteur van een van de eerste boeken over vissen. Hij was arts van kardinaal Farnese en tevens de lijfarts van drie opeenvolgende pausen: Julius III, Marcellus II en Paulus IV. (nl)
  • Ипполи́т Сальвиа́ни (итал. Ippolito Salviani; 1514, Читта-ди-Кастелло — 1573, Рим) — итальянский врач и натуралист. (ru)
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  • Hipolito Salviani (1514-1572) estis itala kuracisto, zoologo, iktiologo, erudiciulo, naturalisto kaj botanikisto. Li estis pioniro pri biologiaj ilustraĵoj kies propra bildo aperas en la frontispico de lia plej fama verko. Li gajnis famon kaj en la praktikado de la medicino kaj kiel instruisto en la universitato. Lia kvincent paĝa verko pri fiŝoj donas kompletan kaj precizan priskribon pri la naturo kaj kutimoj de la fiŝoj, kies paĝoj estas ilustritaj per ne malpli ol cent gravuraĵoj. Aldone, li priskribas la vivojn de kelkaj senvertebruloj kaj cefalopodoj. (eo)
  • Ippolito Salviani (1514, Città di Castello 1572, Roma) fue un médico, zoólogo, botánico italiano. (es)
  • Ippolito Salviani est un médecin, zoologiste et botaniste italien, né en 1514 à Città di Castello et mort en 1572 à Rome. (fr)
  • Ippolito Salviani (Città di Castello, 1514 – Roma, 1572) è stato un medico, letterato e naturalista italiano. Insegnò all'Università di Roma fino al 1568 seguendo da archiatra la salute dei papi Giulio III, Marcello II, Paolo IV. Restò famoso per la pubblicazione dell'opera di zoologia più famosa del Rinascimento, Aquatilium animalium historia, dove venivano illustrati centinaia di pesci mediterranei, rendendo il Salviani uno dei padri dell'ittiologia. Scrisse opere di medicina ed un'opera teatrale, particolarmente diffusa in quell'epoca: La ruffiana. (it)
  • Ippolito Salviani of Hippolyto Salviani (Città di Castello, 1514 – Rome, 1572) was een Italiaans arts en zoöloog. Hij voegde zelf vaak Typhernas of Tiphernas (Typhernate of Tiphernate) aan zijn naam toe, wat betekent 'uit Città di Castello', waarvan de romeinse naam Tifernum was. Hij wordt vooral herinnerd als de auteur van een van de eerste boeken over vissen. Hij was arts van kardinaal Farnese en tevens de lijfarts van drie opeenvolgende pausen: Julius III, Marcellus II en Paulus IV. (nl)
  • Ипполи́т Сальвиа́ни (итал. Ippolito Salviani; 1514, Читта-ди-Кастелло — 1573, Рим) — итальянский врач и натуралист. (ru)
  • Hippolito Salviani (1514–1572) was an Italian physician, scholar and naturalist, noted for his Renaissance book Aquatilium animalium historiae, depicting about hundred Mediterranean fish species, some from Illyria, and a few mollusks. He also wrote works on medicine, such as that dealing with Galen's theory of crises, and a topical play. Salviani taught at the University of Rome until 1568. From 1550 until 1555 he was chief physician to the House of Farnese and three successive popes, Pope Julius III, Pope Marcellus II and Pope Paul IV. Salviani died in Rome, aged about 58. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Hippolito Salviani (en)
  • Ippolito Salviani (eo)
  • Ippolito Salviani (es)
  • Ippolito Salviani (fr)
  • Ippolito Salviani (it)
  • Ippolito Salviani (nl)
  • Сальвиани, Ипполит (ru)
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