The Hawks family (c.1750 – 1889) was one of the largest and most powerful British dynasties to arise during the British Industrial Revolution. It owned several companies in the North and the City of London - including Hawks and Co., Hawks, Crawshay, and Stanley, and Hawks, Crawshay and Sons - all of which featured the Hawks name in the company name and had iron manufacture and engineering as their main enterprises. The family developed areas of West London, including Pembroke Square, Kensington.

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  • The Hawks family (c.1750 – 1889) was one of the largest and most powerful British dynasties to arise during the British Industrial Revolution. It owned several companies in the North and the City of London - including Hawks and Co., Hawks, Crawshay, and Stanley, and Hawks, Crawshay and Sons - all of which featured the Hawks name in the company name and had iron manufacture and engineering as their main enterprises. The Hawks company reached the apogee of its power in the early Victorian period, during which it employed over 2000 persons, and its reputation for engineering and bridge building was worldwide. Its Gateshead factories were termed New Deptford and New Woolwich after the location of two of its warehouses on the River Thames, Deptford and Woolwich. The company owned its own ships, which it used to transport its manufacture. It built the striking High Level Bridge across the River Tyne that was opened by Queen Victoria in 1849, bridges as far afield as Constantinople and India, and lighthouses in France. It produced ironclad warships and other materials for the Royal Navy to exponential profits during the Napoleonic Wars and completed several large contracts for the East India Company. It also produced the first iron boat, the Vulcan, in 1821. Several members of the Hawks family were involved in merchant banking, several in Freemasonry, and several in the advocacy of Whig free-trade politics. Notable members included Sir Robert Shafto Hawks (1768-1840); Joseph Hawks (1791-1873), merchant banker and Sheriff of Newcastle; George Hawks (1801-1863), Freemason and Grand Master of the Grand Cross Chapter of the Holy Temple of Jerusalem (Knights Templar), and Mayor of Gateshead; Mary Hawks (b.1829), who was the wife of Richard Clement Moody, the founder of British Columbia; and Colonel Richard Stanley Hawks Moody (1854-1930). The family developed areas of West London, including Pembroke Square, Kensington. The poet Joseph Skipsey worked for the Hawks company, at their Gateshead ironworks, from 1859 to 1863, until one of his children was killed in an accident at the works in 1863. The job was obtained for Skipsey by James Thomas Clephan, the editor of the Gateshead Observer. (en)
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  • *Major-General Richard Clement Moody *Robert Stirling Newall *Sir William Hutt *William Crawshay II (en)
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  • One of the largest and most powerful British industrial dynasties of the Industrial Revolution. It owned several companies in the North and the City of London, from which it exported worldwide, and employed over 2000 persons. (en)
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  • *Sir Robert Shafto Hawks *Joseph Hawks , Sheriff of Newcastle *George Hawks , , Grand Master of the Knights Templar (Freemasonry), and Mayor of Gateshead *Mary Hawks , wife of Richard Clement Moody *Colonel Richard Stanley Hawks Moody CB (en)
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  • Hawks (en)
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  • The Hawks family (c.1750 – 1889) was one of the largest and most powerful British dynasties to arise during the British Industrial Revolution. It owned several companies in the North and the City of London - including Hawks and Co., Hawks, Crawshay, and Stanley, and Hawks, Crawshay and Sons - all of which featured the Hawks name in the company name and had iron manufacture and engineering as their main enterprises. The family developed areas of West London, including Pembroke Square, Kensington. (en)
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  • Hawks family (en)
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