The haplochromine cichlids are a tribe of cichlids in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae called Haplochromini. This group includes the type genus (Haplochromis) plus a number of closely related genera such as Aulonocara, Astatotilapia, and Chilotilapia. They are endemic to eastern, southern and northern Africa, except for Astatotilapia flaviijosephi in the Middle East. A common name in a scientific context is East African cichlids – while they are not restricted to that region, they are the dominant Cichlidae there. This tribe was extensively studied by Ethelwynn Trewavas, who made major reviews in 1935 and 1989, at the beginning and at the end of her career in ichthyology. Even today, numerous new species are being described each year.

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  • Haplochromini es una tribu de cíclidos africanos de la subfamilia Pseudocrenilabrinae en su mayoría endémicos del Lago Malawi. (es)
  • Die Haplochromini (Syn.: Haplochrominae Hoedeman, 1947 Pseudocrenilabrini Fowler, 1935) sind eine Tribus der Buntbarsche (Cichlidae). Fast alle Gattungen stammen aus Afrika, mit dem Schwerpunkt Ostafrika. Astatotilapia flaviijosephi lebt in Vorderasien im Jordan und seinen Nebenflüssen. Die Haplochromini im Malawisee und die Furu im Victoriasee haben eine Vielzahl endemischer Arten gebildet und stellen in diesen Seen einen großen Teil der Fischfauna. (de)
  • The haplochromine cichlids are a tribe of cichlids in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae called Haplochromini. This group includes the type genus (Haplochromis) plus a number of closely related genera such as Aulonocara, Astatotilapia, and Chilotilapia. They are endemic to eastern, southern and northern Africa, except for Astatotilapia flaviijosephi in the Middle East. A common name in a scientific context is East African cichlids – while they are not restricted to that region, they are the dominant Cichlidae there. This tribe was extensively studied by Ethelwynn Trewavas, who made major reviews in 1935 and 1989, at the beginning and at the end of her career in ichthyology. Even today, numerous new species are being described each year. The haplochromines were in older times treated as subfamily Haplochrominae, However, the great African radiation of pseudocrenilabrine cichlids is certainly not monophyletic without them, and thus they are today ranked as a tribe therein. They do include, however, the type genus of the subfamily, Pseudocrenilabrus. Since taxonomic tribes are treated like genera for purposes of biological nomenclature according to the ICZN, the Haplochromis is the type genus of this tribe, and not the (later-described) Pseudocrenilabrus, even though the tribe name Pseudocrenilabrini was proposed earlier. In the African Great Lakes, there has been an amazing adaptive radiation of Haplochromini. Many have interesting behavior (e.g. mouthbrooding in Astatotilapia burtoni or the "sleeper" ambushes of Nimbochromis), and brilliant colours are also widespread. Males and females are often strikingly sexually dichromatic. In the aquarium hobby, these fishes are popular for these reasons. They are often aggressive and demand rather unusual water parameters, making them generally unsuited for beginners or community tanks. There are some informal names used among aquarists for Haplochromini. Generally, any and all (as well as some similar-looking Pseudocrenilabrinae) may be referred to haplos, haps or happies. More specific terms are mbuna ("rock-dwelling browser") and utaka ("free-roaming hunter"), which are Bantu terms for these two ecological groups. Haplochromines inhabit both rivers and lakes, but it is the lake species that have been most closely studied because of the species flocks known from some of the larger lakes, such as Lake Malawi. In the aquarium hobby, the "happies" are conveniently divided into four groups: * Riverine species and those endemic to the northern Great Lakes such as Lake Kivu and Lake Victoria * Mbuna, endemic to Lake Malawi * Utaka and other non-mbuna species endemic to Lake Malawi * Species endemic to Lake Tanganyika Lake Victoria's trophic web was thoroughly upset in the second half of the 20th century, after Nile Perch (Lates niloticus) were introduced to the lake. Among the haplochromines found there, there have been many extinctions, and a number of other species only survive in aquaria. One monotypic genus, Hoplotilapia, is believed to be entirely extinct at least in the wild. (en)
  • Gli Haplochromini (, 1986) sono una tribù di ciclidi della sottofamiglia Pseudocrenilabrinae. Questo gruppo include il genere Haplochromis insieme con un certo numero di generi strettamente correlati, come Aulonocara, Astatotilapia, e Chilotilapia. Si tratta di specie endemiche dell'Africa orientale e meridionale. Un nome comunemente utilizzato in un contesto scientifico è ciclidi dell'Africa Orientale, perché sebbene non siano ristretti a quella regione, ne costituiscono la tribù di ciclidi dominante. Questa tribù è stata estesamente studiata da Ethelwynn Trewavas, che ha prodotto varie revisioni sull'argomento nel 1935 e nel 1989, all'inizio e al termine della sua carriera di ittiologa. Anche oggi, numerose nuove specie vengono descritte ogni anno. (it)
  • Haplochromini – najliczniejsza grupa pielęgnic afrykańskich obejmująca około 80% zaliczanych do nich gatunków, klasyfikowana w randze plemienia. Ryby te stanowią szczególny obiekt zainteresowania biologów ewolucyjnych oraz akwarystów. Pierwszych interesuje głównie filogeneza tej grupy pielęgnic i ich szybka radiacja adaptacyjna, która doprowadziła do wytworzenia konwergentnych cech u gatunków ewoluujących w różnych jeziorach, a drugich różnorodność gatunków, ich biologia i etologia. Znaczący wkład w poznanie tej grupy pielęgnic wniosła Ethelwynn Trewavas. (pl)
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  • Poll, 1986 (en)
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  • A male of the undescribed Labidochromis sp. 'Hongi Island' (en)
dbp:name
  • Haplochromines (en)
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dbp:synonyms
  • Haplochrominae (Hoedeman, 1947) (en)
  • Pseudocrenilabrini (Fowler, 1935) (en)
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  • Haplochromini (en)
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  • Haplochromini es una tribu de cíclidos africanos de la subfamilia Pseudocrenilabrinae en su mayoría endémicos del Lago Malawi. (es)
  • Die Haplochromini (Syn.: Haplochrominae Hoedeman, 1947 Pseudocrenilabrini Fowler, 1935) sind eine Tribus der Buntbarsche (Cichlidae). Fast alle Gattungen stammen aus Afrika, mit dem Schwerpunkt Ostafrika. Astatotilapia flaviijosephi lebt in Vorderasien im Jordan und seinen Nebenflüssen. Die Haplochromini im Malawisee und die Furu im Victoriasee haben eine Vielzahl endemischer Arten gebildet und stellen in diesen Seen einen großen Teil der Fischfauna. (de)
  • Gli Haplochromini (, 1986) sono una tribù di ciclidi della sottofamiglia Pseudocrenilabrinae. Questo gruppo include il genere Haplochromis insieme con un certo numero di generi strettamente correlati, come Aulonocara, Astatotilapia, e Chilotilapia. Si tratta di specie endemiche dell'Africa orientale e meridionale. Un nome comunemente utilizzato in un contesto scientifico è ciclidi dell'Africa Orientale, perché sebbene non siano ristretti a quella regione, ne costituiscono la tribù di ciclidi dominante. Questa tribù è stata estesamente studiata da Ethelwynn Trewavas, che ha prodotto varie revisioni sull'argomento nel 1935 e nel 1989, all'inizio e al termine della sua carriera di ittiologa. Anche oggi, numerose nuove specie vengono descritte ogni anno. (it)
  • Haplochromini – najliczniejsza grupa pielęgnic afrykańskich obejmująca około 80% zaliczanych do nich gatunków, klasyfikowana w randze plemienia. Ryby te stanowią szczególny obiekt zainteresowania biologów ewolucyjnych oraz akwarystów. Pierwszych interesuje głównie filogeneza tej grupy pielęgnic i ich szybka radiacja adaptacyjna, która doprowadziła do wytworzenia konwergentnych cech u gatunków ewoluujących w różnych jeziorach, a drugich różnorodność gatunków, ich biologia i etologia. Znaczący wkład w poznanie tej grupy pielęgnic wniosła Ethelwynn Trewavas. (pl)
  • The haplochromine cichlids are a tribe of cichlids in subfamily Pseudocrenilabrinae called Haplochromini. This group includes the type genus (Haplochromis) plus a number of closely related genera such as Aulonocara, Astatotilapia, and Chilotilapia. They are endemic to eastern, southern and northern Africa, except for Astatotilapia flaviijosephi in the Middle East. A common name in a scientific context is East African cichlids – while they are not restricted to that region, they are the dominant Cichlidae there. This tribe was extensively studied by Ethelwynn Trewavas, who made major reviews in 1935 and 1989, at the beginning and at the end of her career in ichthyology. Even today, numerous new species are being described each year. (en)
rdfs:label
  • Haplochromini (de)
  • Haplochromine (en)
  • Haplochromini (es)
  • Haplochromini (it)
  • Haplochromini (pl)
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