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The Government of the Soviet Union (Russian: Прави́тельство СССР, tr. Pravítelstvo SSSR, IPA: [prɐˈvʲitʲɪlʲstvə ɛs ɛs ɛs ˈɛr]), formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbreviated to Soviet Government, was the executive and administrative organ of state in the former Soviet Union. It had three different names throughout its existence; Council of People's Commissars (1923–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1991) and Cabinet of Ministers (1991). It also was known as Workers-Peasants Government of the Soviet Union.

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  • El Gobierno de la Unión Soviética (oficialmente conocido como el Gobierno de la Unión) fue establecido por la Constitución de la Unión Soviética de 1924 como la Autoridad gobernadora de una unión de primero cuatro y luego 15 repúblicas socialistas soviéticas colectivamente denominadas la Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas (URSS). El gobierno residía en Moscú, la capital de la URSS. Comprendía tres ramas: el poder legislativo, el poder ejecutivo, y el judicial. El poder legislativo lo ejercía el Comité Ejecutivo Central de la Unión Soviética entre 1923 y 1938, órgano sustituido por el Sóviet Supremo de la Unión Soviética, el cual funcionó hasta la disolución de la Unión Soviética. El sóviet supremo se componía de dos cámaras: El Sóviet de la Unión y el Sóviet de las Nacionalidades. Respecto al poder ejecutivo, el órgano responsable del gobierno de la Unión el Consejo de Ministros de la Unión Soviética (aunque en realidad, el máximo órgano ejecutivo era el Comité Central del Partido Comunista). El poder judicial estaba conformado por la Corte Suprema (a nivel nacional) y cortes civiles, criminales y de familia a nivel distrital, de acuerdo con el derecho soviético. Las leyes civiles y criminales que regían a los ciudadanos de la Unión Soviéticas eran establecidas en la legislatura. Los gobiernos de toda la Unión y de cada república consistían de poderes ejecutivo, legislativo y judicial. El sistema legal, aplicable tanto para toda la Unión como para cada gobierno republicano, se basaba en el derecho socialista. (es)
  • The Government of the Soviet Union (Russian: Прави́тельство СССР, tr. Pravítelstvo SSSR, IPA: [prɐˈvʲitʲɪlʲstvə ɛs ɛs ɛs ˈɛr]), formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbreviated to Soviet Government, was the executive and administrative organ of state in the former Soviet Union. It had three different names throughout its existence; Council of People's Commissars (1923–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1991) and Cabinet of Ministers (1991). It also was known as Workers-Peasants Government of the Soviet Union. The government was led by a chairman, most commonly referred to as "premier" by outside observers. The chairman was nominated by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU) and elected by delegates at the first plenary session of a newly elected Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. Certain governments, such as , had more than 100 government ministers, serving as first deputy premiers, deputy premiers, government ministers or heads of state committees/commissions; they were chosen by the premier and confirmed by the Supreme Soviet. The Government of the Soviet Union exercised its executive powers in conformity with the constitution of the Soviet Union and legislation enacted by the Supreme Soviet. The first government was led by Vladimir Lenin, and the was led by Valentin Pavlov. The appointment of Ivan Silayev, commonly viewed as the last Soviet head of government, by the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (Russian SFSR) was in breach of the Soviet constitution. Following the Treaty on the Creation of the USSR of 1922, the Russian SFSR, Ukrainian Socialist Soviet Republic, the Byelorussian Socialist Soviet Republic and the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic established the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). The treaty established the government, which was later legitimised by the adoption of the first Soviet constitution in 1924. The 1924 constitution made the government responsible to the Congress of Soviets of the Soviet Union. In 1936, the state system was reformed with the enactment of a new constitution. It abolished the Congress of Soviets and established the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in its place. At the 1st Plenary Session of the II Supreme Soviet in 1946 the government was renamed Council of Ministers. Minor changes were introduced with the enactment of the 1977 constitution. The CPSU's 19th All-Union Conference voted in favor of amending the constitution. It allowed for multi-candidate elections, established the Congress of People's Deputies and weakened the party's control over the Supreme Soviet. Later on 20 March 1991 the Supreme Soviet on Mikhail Gorbachev's suggestion amended the constitution to establish a semi-presidential system, essentially a fusion of the American and French styles of government. The Council of Ministers was abolished and replaced by a Cabinet of Ministers that was responsible to the President of the Soviet Union. The head of the Cabinet of Ministers was the Prime Minister of the Soviet Union. The government was forced to resign in the aftermath of the 1991 Soviet coup d'état attempt, which Prime Minister Valentin Pavlov participated in. In its place the Soviet state established what was supposed to be a transitory committee headed by Silayev to run the basic governmental functions until a new cabinet was appointed. On 26 December 1991 the Supreme Soviet dissolved the Soviet Union and therefore, the government of the Soviet Union shut down permanently. This article mainly deals with the governmental structure that was established in 1923 and lasted until 1991, when the Council of Ministers was abolished and replaced by the Cabinet of Ministers. (en)
  • Pemerintah Uni Republik Sosialis Soviet (bahasa Rusia: Правительство СССР, Pravitel'stvo SSSR) merupakan lembaga eksekutif utama dalam pemerintahan Uni Soviet. Lembaga ini dipimpin oleh seorang kepala pemerintahan yang disebut juga sebagai Perdana Menteri Uni Soviet. Anggota lembaga ini yang meliputi , menteri, dan kepala , disarankan oleh Perdana Menteri dan ditunjuk oleh Presidium. Pemerintah Uni Soviet menjalankan kekuasaan eksekutifnya berdasarkan dan peraturan perundang-undangan yang ditetapkan oleh Majelis Agung Uni Soviet. Dalam periode antara pembentukan Uni Soviet pada tanggal 30 Desember 1922 hingga pembentukan lembaga pemerintahan resminya yang pertama pada tanggal 6 Juli 1923, Pemerintah RSFS Rusia bertindak sebagai lembaga pemerintah sementara di Uni Soviet. (in)
  • Уряд Союзу Радянських Соціалістичних Республік, Рада Міністрів СРСР (рос. Правительство СССР, Совет министров СССР) — найвищий орган виконавчої влади Союзу Радянських Соціалістичних Республік. Уряд чотири рази реорганізовувався із відповідною зміною назви. (uk)
  • Прави́тельство СССР (син. Прави́тельство Сою́за ССР; сове́тское прави́тельство) — обобщённое наименование общей управленческой компетенции Союза Советских Социалистических Республик. В советское время при применении термина «Правительство СССР» в качестве официального наименования конкретного учреждения в его написании использовались заглавные буквы. Выражения «правительство», «советское правительство» и их производные в контексте Советского Союза применялись в прошлом и используются в настоящее время, как правило, неформально — зачастую для обозначения всей совокупности органов государственной власти и управления СССР. В разные годы правительство СССР носило следующие наименования: * 30 декабря 1922 — 6 июля 1923 года — Совет народных комиссаров РСФСР; * 6 июля 1923 года — 15 марта 1946 — Совет народных комиссаров СССР; * 15 марта 1946 — 14 января 1991 — Совет министров СССР; * 14 января — 26 декабря 1991 — Кабинет министров СССР; * 28 августа — 20 сентября 1991 — Комитет по оперативному управлению народным хозяйством СССР; * 20 сентября — 14 ноября 1991 — Межреспубликанский экономический комитет СССР; * 14 ноября — 26 декабря 1991 — Межгосударственный экономический комитет Экономического сообщества. (ru)
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  • Government ruling Russia proper (en)
  • Representative for the Soviet Union in the United Nations (en)
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  • Уряд Союзу Радянських Соціалістичних Республік, Рада Міністрів СРСР (рос. Правительство СССР, Совет министров СССР) — найвищий орган виконавчої влади Союзу Радянських Соціалістичних Республік. Уряд чотири рази реорганізовувався із відповідною зміною назви. (uk)
  • El Gobierno de la Unión Soviética (oficialmente conocido como el Gobierno de la Unión) fue establecido por la Constitución de la Unión Soviética de 1924 como la Autoridad gobernadora de una unión de primero cuatro y luego 15 repúblicas socialistas soviéticas colectivamente denominadas la Unión de Repúblicas Socialistas Soviéticas (URSS). El gobierno residía en Moscú, la capital de la URSS. Comprendía tres ramas: el poder legislativo, el poder ejecutivo, y el judicial. (es)
  • The Government of the Soviet Union (Russian: Прави́тельство СССР, tr. Pravítelstvo SSSR, IPA: [prɐˈvʲitʲɪlʲstvə ɛs ɛs ɛs ˈɛr]), formally the All-Union Government of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, commonly abbreviated to Soviet Government, was the executive and administrative organ of state in the former Soviet Union. It had three different names throughout its existence; Council of People's Commissars (1923–1946), Council of Ministers (1946–1991) and Cabinet of Ministers (1991). It also was known as Workers-Peasants Government of the Soviet Union. (en)
  • Pemerintah Uni Republik Sosialis Soviet (bahasa Rusia: Правительство СССР, Pravitel'stvo SSSR) merupakan lembaga eksekutif utama dalam pemerintahan Uni Soviet. Lembaga ini dipimpin oleh seorang kepala pemerintahan yang disebut juga sebagai Perdana Menteri Uni Soviet. Anggota lembaga ini yang meliputi , menteri, dan kepala , disarankan oleh Perdana Menteri dan ditunjuk oleh Presidium. Pemerintah Uni Soviet menjalankan kekuasaan eksekutifnya berdasarkan dan peraturan perundang-undangan yang ditetapkan oleh Majelis Agung Uni Soviet. (in)
  • Прави́тельство СССР (син. Прави́тельство Сою́за ССР; сове́тское прави́тельство) — обобщённое наименование общей управленческой компетенции Союза Советских Социалистических Республик. В советское время при применении термина «Правительство СССР» в качестве официального наименования конкретного учреждения в его написании использовались заглавные буквы. Выражения «правительство», «советское правительство» и их производные в контексте Советского Союза применялись в прошлом и используются в настоящее время, как правило, неформально — зачастую для обозначения всей совокупности органов государственной власти и управления СССР. (ru)
rdfs:label
  • Government of the Soviet Union (en)
  • Gobierno de la Unión Soviética (es)
  • Pemerintah Uni Soviet (in)
  • Governo da União Soviética (pt)
  • Правительство СССР (ru)
  • Уряд СРСР (uk)
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