Francis Donald Klingender (1907 – 9 July 1955) was a Marxist art historian and exponent of Kunstsoziologie whose uncompromising views meant that he never quite fitted into the British art history establishment.

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  • Francis Donald Klingender (Goslar, 1907 - Manchester, 1955) va ser un historiador de l'art britànic. De filiació marxista, Klingender va ser un dels pioners de la sociologia de l'art. Va estudiar a la London School of Economics and Political Science, on es va especialitzar a sociologia el 1930. Va ser professor de sociologia a la Universitat de Hull a partir de 1948. Va investigar els efectes de la revolució industrial a les belles arts a Anglaterra, donant com a resultat Art i Revolució Industrial (1947), la seva principal obra. (ca)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (* 1907 in Goslar; † 9. Juli 1955 in Manchester) war ein britischer Soziologe und Kunsthistoriker. Klingender galt als Marxist und früher Vertreter der Kunstsoziologie im englischen Sprachraum. (de)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (Goslar, 1907 - Mánchester, 1955) fue un historiador del arte británico. De filiación marxista, Klingender fue uno de los pioneros de la sociología del arte. Estudió en la London School of Economics and Political Science, donde se especializó en sociología en 1930. Fue profesor de sociología en la Universidad de Hull a partir de 1948. Investigó los efectos de la revolución industrial en las bellas artes en Inglaterra, dando como resultado Arte y Revolución Industrial (1947), su principal obra. (es)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (1907 – 9 July 1955) was a Marxist art historian and exponent of Kunstsoziologie whose uncompromising views meant that he never quite fitted into the British art history establishment. Klingender was born in Goslar, Germany, to British parents. At the start of the first World War, his father, Louis Henry Weston Klingender (1861-1950), was interned near Berlin on suspicion of spying for the British. The family moved back to England in the 1920s and Klingender supported them while attending night classes at the London School of Economics. He subsequently embarked on an academic career in sociology, becoming a lecturer in that subject at the University of Hull, which position he retained until his death. His magnum opus was Animals in Art and Thought to the End of the Middle Ages, published posthumously, and edited by Evelyn Antal, wife of Frederick Antal, and John Harthan. Klingender inherited an interest in this subject from his father who had been a painter of animals, and he added to that his own sociological, Marxist and Freudian interpretations. His thesis was that as well as being the companions and servants of man, the depiction of animals in art was symbolic of the hidden or secret urges of society. He was encouraged in his work by Julian Huxley, whose suggestions were incorporated into the final work. Klingender had intended to complete the work up to the nineteenth century, and possibly later, however, on his death the manuscript was only substantially complete up to the end of the Middle Ages and the editors took the decision to publish only up to that point, hence the chosen title. Later periods were added as an Epilogue from the available notes. (en)
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  • Francis Donald Klingender (Goslar, 1907 - Manchester, 1955) va ser un historiador de l'art britànic. De filiació marxista, Klingender va ser un dels pioners de la sociologia de l'art. Va estudiar a la London School of Economics and Political Science, on es va especialitzar a sociologia el 1930. Va ser professor de sociologia a la Universitat de Hull a partir de 1948. Va investigar els efectes de la revolució industrial a les belles arts a Anglaterra, donant com a resultat Art i Revolució Industrial (1947), la seva principal obra. (ca)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (* 1907 in Goslar; † 9. Juli 1955 in Manchester) war ein britischer Soziologe und Kunsthistoriker. Klingender galt als Marxist und früher Vertreter der Kunstsoziologie im englischen Sprachraum. (de)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (Goslar, 1907 - Mánchester, 1955) fue un historiador del arte británico. De filiación marxista, Klingender fue uno de los pioneros de la sociología del arte. Estudió en la London School of Economics and Political Science, donde se especializó en sociología en 1930. Fue profesor de sociología en la Universidad de Hull a partir de 1948. Investigó los efectos de la revolución industrial en las bellas artes en Inglaterra, dando como resultado Arte y Revolución Industrial (1947), su principal obra. (es)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (1907 – 9 July 1955) was a Marxist art historian and exponent of Kunstsoziologie whose uncompromising views meant that he never quite fitted into the British art history establishment. (en)
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  • Francis Klingender (ca)
  • Francis Donald Klingender (de)
  • Francis Klingender (en)
  • Francis Klingender (es)
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