The Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (English: National Preparatory High School) (ENP), the oldest senior High School system in Mexico, belonging to the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), opened its doors on February 1, 1868. It was founded by Gabino Barreda, M.D., following orders of then President of Mexico Benito Juárez. It is also modern UNAM's oldest institution. The original San Ildefonso College location remained open until 1978, when it closed completely. It is now a museum and cultural museum. Frida Kahlo was one of their many students. She attended the school in 1922.

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dbo:abstract
  • La Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) es una institución educativa a nivel bachillerato de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y que depende de la Dirección General de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (DGENP). Inició sus labores el 3 de febrero de 1868, por decreto del entonces presidente de México, Benito Juárez. El médico Gabino Barreda fue nombrado como primer director el 17 de diciembre de 1867. Inicialmente ocupó el edificio que correspondiera al Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso, ubicado en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México. La duración de este nivel educativo es de tres años. También tiene, en el Plantel 2 "Erasmo Castellanos Quinto", la modalidad denominada Iniciación Universitaria, equivalente al nivel secundaria, cuya duración es también de tres años. La Escuela Nacional Preparatoria y el Colegio de Ciencias y Humanidades son las únicas instituciones que gozan del Pase reglamentado que otorga la UNAM y que les permite ingresar a licenciatura sin necesidad de realizar examen de selección. (es)
  • The Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (English: National Preparatory High School) (ENP), the oldest senior High School system in Mexico, belonging to the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), opened its doors on February 1, 1868. It was founded by Gabino Barreda, M.D., following orders of then President of Mexico Benito Juárez. It is also modern UNAM's oldest institution. This institution's location was the Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso (English: San Ildefonso College), which is located in the heart of Mexico City's historic center. This college was founded in 1588 by the Jesuits and was prestigious during colonial times, but it had almost completely fallen into ruin by the time of the Reform Laws in the 1860s. These Laws secularized most of Church property, including the San Ildefonso College building In 1867, Benito Juárez began reform of the educational system, taking it out of clerical hands and making it a government function. San Ildefonso was converted into the Escuela Nacional Preparatoria initially directed by Gabino Barreda, who organized the new school on the Positivist model of Auguste Comte (Comtism). The initial purpose of the school was to provide the nucleus of students for the soon-to-be-reconstructed Universidad Nacional (National University), later National Autonomous University of Mexico, which was re-established in 1910 by Justo Sierra. The new preparatory school began functioning at the San Ildefonso building with more than 700 day students and 200 live-in students. The complex remained a separate entity until 1929, when the Universidad Nacional gained autonomy, meaning it became independent of the government, though still government-sponsored. The Preparatory School became part of the newly independent university system, being designated as Preparatory #1 for a short time. Following this, because of the increasing demand, nine more schools were built, as well as a new organizational organism called General Direction. These schools were located at the center of Mexico City, but due the increasing size of the city and the necessity for modern buildings, they were relocated in the vicinity of the city, mainly orientated in the southern neighborhoods like Coyoacán, Xochimilco and Villa Coapa. The original San Ildefonso College location remained open until 1978, when it closed completely. It is now a museum and cultural museum. Frida Kahlo was one of their many students. She attended the school in 1922. (en)
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  • Adolfo Prieto 722 (en)
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  • Adolfo Prieto 722 (en)
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  • María Dolores Valle Martínez (en)
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  • The Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (English: National Preparatory High School) (ENP), the oldest senior High School system in Mexico, belonging to the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM), opened its doors on February 1, 1868. It was founded by Gabino Barreda, M.D., following orders of then President of Mexico Benito Juárez. It is also modern UNAM's oldest institution. The original San Ildefonso College location remained open until 1978, when it closed completely. It is now a museum and cultural museum. Frida Kahlo was one of their many students. She attended the school in 1922. (en)
  • La Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (ENP) es una institución educativa a nivel bachillerato de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México y que depende de la Dirección General de la Escuela Nacional Preparatoria (DGENP). Inició sus labores el 3 de febrero de 1868, por decreto del entonces presidente de México, Benito Juárez. El médico Gabino Barreda fue nombrado como primer director el 17 de diciembre de 1867. Inicialmente ocupó el edificio que correspondiera al Antiguo Colegio de San Ildefonso, ubicado en el Centro Histórico de la Ciudad de México. (es)
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