An Entity of Type: political party, from Named Graph: http://dbpedia.org, within Data Space: dbpedia.org

The Democratic Nationalist Party or Nationalist Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Naționalist-Democrat, PND) was a political party in Romania, established by historian Nicolae Iorga (who was also its longest-serving leader) and jurist A. C. Cuza. Its support base was in the lower reaches of the Romanian middle class, and, especially through Cuza's ideology, it reflected the xenophobia, economic antisemitism, and producerism of that particular environment. The PND was a weak challenge to the mainstream political forces, either conservative or liberal, failing in its bid to become Romania's third-strongest party. By 1916, it was effectively split between Iorga's moderates and Cuza's radicals, suspending its activity for the remainder of World War I.

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dbo:abstract
  • The Democratic Nationalist Party or Nationalist Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Naționalist-Democrat, PND) was a political party in Romania, established by historian Nicolae Iorga (who was also its longest-serving leader) and jurist A. C. Cuza. Its support base was in the lower reaches of the Romanian middle class, and, especially through Cuza's ideology, it reflected the xenophobia, economic antisemitism, and producerism of that particular environment. The PND was a weak challenge to the mainstream political forces, either conservative or liberal, failing in its bid to become Romania's third-strongest party. By 1916, it was effectively split between Iorga's moderates and Cuza's radicals, suspending its activity for the remainder of World War I. The PND reemerged as a significant force in Greater Romania, after November 1918. It frequently changed names and refined its official stance, becoming closely aligned with Iorga's evolving ideas on society and politics. During the early 1920s, it trailed to the left of the political spectrum, caucusing with the Peasants' Party, and supporting a "Democratic Bloc" coalition against the National Liberals; its far-right faction seceded and became the National-Christian Defense League. Around 1925, the PND itself returned to national conservatism, briefly merging with the Romanian National Party, but resuming independence in 1926, when the latter merged into the National Peasants' Party. It reemerged with an agenda supporting technocracy and corporatism, and was brought to power in 1931, when King Carol II appointed Iorga as Prime Minister. The PND and its allies attempted to tackle the Great Depression in Romania with controversial measures such as debt relief, and the government was voted out of office in the 1932 elections. Iorga's version of middle-class nationalism faded into political insignificance with the advent of fascist movements, in particular the Iron Guard; his own growing support for authoritarianism led him to dissolve the PND in 1938, when he and other cadres joined Carol's National Renaissance Front. He participated in the clampdown against the Iron Guard, which led to his killing in 1940. The PND was revived clandestinely during World War II, with at its helm. In this final part of its existence, it joined up with liberal and socialist forces in opposing the Ion Antonescu dictatorship. It supported the coup of August 1944, and afterward enjoyed a brief existence as a legal party, before merging into the National Liberal Party–Tătărescu. From ca. 1950, Topa and various former PND affiliates were imprisoned by the Romanian communist regime, while others were recovered and enjoyed high favor. (en)
  • El Partido Nacionalista Demócrata (en rumano, Partidului Naţionalist-Democrat) fue un partido político rumano de derecha y antisemita, fundado en 1910 por el famoso historiador Nicolae Iorga y el conocido antisemita, Alexandru C. Cuza, profesor de la Universidad de Iaşi.​ (es)
  • De Nationaal-Democratische Partij (Roemeens: Partidul Nationalist-Democrat), was een Roemeense politieke partij. De PND werd in 1910 opgericht door Nicolae Iorga en . De partij streefde naar een vereniging van Roemenië met Transsylvanië en het Banaat en andere gebieden waar etnische Roemenen woonden. De partij streefde naar de invoering van algemeen kiesrecht en een . De partij streefde naar een boerenstaat en was gekant tegen verregaande urbanisatie. Daarnaast was de PND koningsgezind. Tijdens de Eerste Wereldoorlog bepleitte de PND deelname van Roemenië aan de zijde der Entente mogendheden, hetgeen in 1916 ook gebeurde. Na de oorlog werd Groot-Roemenië gesticht en werd Nicolae Iorga de eerste voorzitter van de Nationale Vergadering van Groot-Roemenië. In 1920 scheidde een groep rond Alexandru C. Cuza zich van de PND af en vormde de (later ), die zich in extreemrechtse en antisemitische richting ontwikkelde. In 1925 fuseerde de PND met de Roemeense Nationale Partij (PNR) van Iuliu Maniu en Iorga werd erevoorzitter van de PNR. De fusie werd enige tijd later ongedaan gemaakt daar Iorga de koers van de PNR niet agrarisch genoeg vond. Nicolae Iorga zette eind jaren 20 in voor de terugkeer van Prins Carol (zoon van koning Ferdinand I van Roemenië †1927). Na de terugkeer van Carol en diens troonaanvaarding (1930) werd hij een groot aanhanger van koning Carol II van Roemenië. Voor de parlementsverkiezingen van 1931 ging de PND een alliantie aan met de Nationaal-Liberale Partij van Ion Duca. In 1931 behaalde de PND haar grootste verkiezingsoverwinning toen de partij 207 van de 387 zetels in het Roemeense parlement won. Van 19 april 1931 tot 6 juni 1932 was Iorga premier en was daarna minister. Bij de parlementsverkiezingen van 17 juli 1932 viel de partij terug naar 5 zetels. Een zo'n grote terugval van een partij kwam wel vaker voor in het vooroorlogse Roemenië. De partij verdween hierna van het politieke toneel. (nl)
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  • Black (en)
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  • 1946-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • 1923-04-10 (xsd:date)
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  • 1923-01-01 (xsd:gYear)
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  • Black (en)
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  • Romania (en)
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  • 210 (xsd:integer)
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  • --04-23
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  • 140 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:name
  • Democratic Nationalist Party (en)
dbp:national
  • National Union (en)
  • Democratic Bloc (en)
  • Federation of National Social Democracy (en)
  • Parliamentary Bloc (en)
  • National-Democratic Coalition (en)
dbp:nativeName
  • Partidul Naționalist-Democrat (en)
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  • Neamul Românesc (en)
  • Răvașul Naționalist-Democrat (en)
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  • El Partido Nacionalista Demócrata (en rumano, Partidului Naţionalist-Democrat) fue un partido político rumano de derecha y antisemita, fundado en 1910 por el famoso historiador Nicolae Iorga y el conocido antisemita, Alexandru C. Cuza, profesor de la Universidad de Iaşi.​ (es)
  • The Democratic Nationalist Party or Nationalist Democratic Party (Romanian: Partidul Naționalist-Democrat, PND) was a political party in Romania, established by historian Nicolae Iorga (who was also its longest-serving leader) and jurist A. C. Cuza. Its support base was in the lower reaches of the Romanian middle class, and, especially through Cuza's ideology, it reflected the xenophobia, economic antisemitism, and producerism of that particular environment. The PND was a weak challenge to the mainstream political forces, either conservative or liberal, failing in its bid to become Romania's third-strongest party. By 1916, it was effectively split between Iorga's moderates and Cuza's radicals, suspending its activity for the remainder of World War I. (en)
  • De Nationaal-Democratische Partij (Roemeens: Partidul Nationalist-Democrat), was een Roemeense politieke partij. De PND werd in 1910 opgericht door Nicolae Iorga en . De partij streefde naar een vereniging van Roemenië met Transsylvanië en het Banaat en andere gebieden waar etnische Roemenen woonden. De partij streefde naar de invoering van algemeen kiesrecht en een . De partij streefde naar een boerenstaat en was gekant tegen verregaande urbanisatie. Daarnaast was de PND koningsgezind. (nl)
rdfs:label
  • Democratic Nationalist Party (Romania) (en)
  • Partido Nacionalista Demócrata (Rumanía) (es)
  • Nationaal-Democratische Partij (Roemenië) (nl)
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  • Democratic Nationalist Party (en)
  • Partidul Naționalist-Democrat (en)
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