In Christianity, angels are agents of God, based on angels in Judaism. The most influential Christian angelic hierarchy was that put forward by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in the 4th or 5th century in his book De Coelesti Hierarchia (On the Celestial Hierarchy). During the Middle Ages, many schemes were proposed about the hierarchy of angels, some drawing on and expanding on Pseudo-Dionysius, others suggesting completely different classifications. According to medieval Christian theologians, the angels are organized into several orders, or "Angelic Choirs".

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  • In Christianity, angels are agents of God, based on angels in Judaism. The most influential Christian angelic hierarchy was that put forward by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in the 4th or 5th century in his book De Coelesti Hierarchia (On the Celestial Hierarchy). During the Middle Ages, many schemes were proposed about the hierarchy of angels, some drawing on and expanding on Pseudo-Dionysius, others suggesting completely different classifications. According to medieval Christian theologians, the angels are organized into several orders, or "Angelic Choirs". Pseudo-Dionysius (On the Celestial Hierarchy) and Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologica) drew on passages from the New Testament, specifically in Galatians 3:26-28, Matthew 22:24-33,Ephesians 1:21-23, and Colossians 1:16, to develop a schema of three Hierarchies, Spheres or Triads of angels, with each Hierarchy containing three Orders or Choirs. Although both authors drew on the New Testament, the Biblical canon is unclear on the subject, and these hierarchies are considered less definitive than biblical material. As referred to in the theological doctrine of the communion of saints, in Paradise there is a common and unique vision of the truth and contemplation of the Face of God, without any kind of difference between angels or human souls. The Summa theologiae states that there exist different degree in respect of the creation, about the power of intercession to God and of direct entrustment in the human lives. (en)
  • Dalam agama Kristen, malaikat adalah agen Allah, berdasarkan pada malaikat dalam Yudaisme. Hirarki malaikat Kristen yang paling berpengaruh adalah yang dikemukakan oleh pada abad ke 4 atau ke 5 dalam bukunya (Dalam Hierarki Selestial). Selama Abad Pertengahan, banyak skema diusulkan tentang hierarki setan, beberapa menggambar dan memperluas Pseudo-Dionysius, yang lain menyarankan klasifikasi yang sama sekali berbeda. Menurut para teolog Kristen abad pertengahan, para malaikat diatur dalam beberapa ordo, atau "Paduan Suara Malaikat". Pseudo-Dionysius (Tentang Hirarki Surgawi) dan Thomas Aquinas (Summa Theologiae) mengambil bagian-bagian dari Perjanjian Baru, khususnya dalam Galatia 3:26-28, Matius 22:24-33, Efesus 1:21-23, dan Kolose 1:16, untuk mengembangkan skema tiga Hierarki, Spheres atau Triad malaikat, dengan masing-masing Hierarki berisi tiga Orde atau Paduan Suara. Meskipun kedua penulis menggunakan Kitab Perjanjian Baru, kanon Alkitab relatif diam pada subjek, dan hierarki ini dianggap kurang definitif daripada materi Alkitab. Seperti yang disebutkan dalam doktrin teologis tentang persekutuan orang-orang kudus, di Firdaus ada visi yang sama dan unik tentang kebenaran dan kontemplasi Wajah Allah, tanpa ada perbedaan apa pun antara malaikat atau jiwa manusia. Teologia Summa menyatakan bahwa ada derajat yang berbeda dalam hal penciptaan, tentang kekuatan syafaat bagi Allah dan tentang kepercayaan langsung dalam kehidupan manusia. (in)
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  • In Christianity, angels are agents of God, based on angels in Judaism. The most influential Christian angelic hierarchy was that put forward by Pseudo-Dionysius the Areopagite in the 4th or 5th century in his book De Coelesti Hierarchia (On the Celestial Hierarchy). During the Middle Ages, many schemes were proposed about the hierarchy of angels, some drawing on and expanding on Pseudo-Dionysius, others suggesting completely different classifications. According to medieval Christian theologians, the angels are organized into several orders, or "Angelic Choirs". (en)
  • Dalam agama Kristen, malaikat adalah agen Allah, berdasarkan pada malaikat dalam Yudaisme. Hirarki malaikat Kristen yang paling berpengaruh adalah yang dikemukakan oleh pada abad ke 4 atau ke 5 dalam bukunya (Dalam Hierarki Selestial). Selama Abad Pertengahan, banyak skema diusulkan tentang hierarki setan, beberapa menggambar dan memperluas Pseudo-Dionysius, yang lain menyarankan klasifikasi yang sama sekali berbeda. Menurut para teolog Kristen abad pertengahan, para malaikat diatur dalam beberapa ordo, atau "Paduan Suara Malaikat". (in)
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  • Christian angelology (en)
  • Angelologi Kristen (in)
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