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Chester Amphitheatre is a Roman amphitheatre in Chester, Cheshire. The site is managed by English Heritage; it is designated as a Grade I listed building, and a scheduled monument. The ruins currently exposed are those of a large stone amphitheatre, similar to those found in Continental Europe, and although it was long believed that a smaller wooden amphitheatre existed on the site beforehand, excavations since 1999 have shown that the wooden grillage is the base of the seating. Today, only the northern half of the structure is exposed; the southern half is covered by buildings, some of which are themselves listed.

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  • Chester Amphitheatre is a Roman amphitheatre in Chester, Cheshire. The site is managed by English Heritage; it is designated as a Grade I listed building, and a scheduled monument. The ruins currently exposed are those of a large stone amphitheatre, similar to those found in Continental Europe, and although it was long believed that a smaller wooden amphitheatre existed on the site beforehand, excavations since 1999 have shown that the wooden grillage is the base of the seating. Today, only the northern half of the structure is exposed; the southern half is covered by buildings, some of which are themselves listed. The amphitheatre is the largest so far uncovered in Britain, and dates from the 1st century, when the Roman fort of Deva Victrix was founded. It is a peculiarly English myth that the amphitheatre would have been primarily for military training and drill; all the evidence recovered from excavation shows that it was used for cock fighting, bull baiting and combat sports, including classical boxing, wrestling and, probably most importantly, gladiatorial combat. The poet Oppian wrote that the Romans inherited the Greek passion for the cockfight, which was held "on anniversaries . . . as a solemn rite", a consecration, in effect a sacred cockfight, to remind men that they should be "perpetual imitators of the cock". In use through much of the Roman occupation of Britain, the amphitheatre fell into disuse around the year 350. The amphitheatre was only rediscovered in 1929, when one of the pit walls was discovered during construction work. Between 2000 and 2006, excavation of the amphitheatre took place for Chester City Council and, after 2004, English Heritage. (en)
  • L'Amphithéâtre de Chester fut construit à l'extérieur de l'angle sud-est de la forteresse romaine de Deva Victrix situé en Bretagne (aujourd'hui en Angleterre dans la ville de Chester à seulement quelques minutes de marche du centre-ville moderne). (fr)
  • Het Amfitheater van Chester is een Romeins amfitheater in Chester in Groot-Brittannië. Het oorspronkelijke amfitheater werd in de jaren 70 van de 1e eeuw n.Chr. gebouwd. Het hoorde bij het militaire kamp en diende ter vermaak van de daar gelegerde legionairs van het Legio II Adiutrix. Mogelijk trainden deze soldaten ook in het amfitheater. Het eerste theater was gemaakt van hout en had afmetingen van 75 bij 67 meter. Al na enkele jaren werd het houten bouwwerk afgebroken en werd een groter amfitheater van steen gebouwd. Dit nieuwe theater was 95,7 bij 87,2 meter groot en was daarmee het grootste Romeinse amfitheater op het huidige Britse grondgebied. Het amfitheater had waarschijnlijk twee verdiepingen en men schat dat het 12 meter hoog was. Op de tribunes was plaats voor 8.000 tot 10.000 toeschouwers. Rond 350 n.Chr. raakte het theater buiten gebruik, waarna het verviel. De restanten van het amfitheater werden in 1929 bij toeval ontdekt bij de aanleg van een weg. (nl)
  • O Anfiteatro de Deva Vitoriosa ou somente Deva, também conhecido como Anfiteatro de Céstria, é um anfiteatro romano localizado na cidade de Céstria, no condado de Cheshire, na Inglaterra. O sítio é administrado pelo English Heritage e é designado como um edifício listado de Grau I, e um . As ruínas atualmente expostas são aqueles de um grande anfiteatro de pedra, similar aqueles encontrados na Europa Continental, e embora foi grande acreditou-se que um anfiteatro de madeira menor existiu no sítio antes deste, com escavações realizadas em 1999 revelando um gradeado de madeira na base dos acento. Hoje, apenas a metade norte da estrutura está exposta; a porção sul está coberta por edifícios, alguns dos quais também são patrimônio listado. O anfiteatro é o maior até agora descoberto na Britânia, e remonta o século I, quando o forte romano de Deva Vitoriosa foi fundado. Há um peculiar mito inglês de que o edifício teria sido principalmente utilizado para treinos e paradas militares; toda a evidência recuperada das escavações mostra que foi utilizado para briga de galo, bull-baiting e esportes de combate, incluindo os clássicos boxe, pále e, provavelmente mais proeminentemente, luta de gladiadores. O poeta escreveu que os romanos herdaram a paixão grega pela briga de galo, que era realizada "em aniversários [...] como um rito solene", uma consagração, na verdade uma briga de galo sagrada, para lembrar os homens que eles podiam ser "imitadores perpétuos do galo". Em uso durante grande parte da ocupação romana da Britânia, o anfiteatro caiu em desuso em torno do ano 350. Ele foi redescoberto apenas em 1929, quando um dos muros do edifício foi descoberto durante obras nas imediações. Entre 2000 e 2006, escavações do anfiteatro ocorreram sob coordenação do Concelho da Cidade de Céstria e, após 2004, pelo English Heritage. (pt)
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  • Around 350 (en)
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  • Late 70's (en)
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  • The amphitheatre seen from the city walls, with archaeological digs in progress (en)
  • Location within Chester (en)
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  • Chester, Cheshire, England (en)
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  • Chester Roman Amphitheatre (en)
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  • L'Amphithéâtre de Chester fut construit à l'extérieur de l'angle sud-est de la forteresse romaine de Deva Victrix situé en Bretagne (aujourd'hui en Angleterre dans la ville de Chester à seulement quelques minutes de marche du centre-ville moderne). (fr)
  • Chester Amphitheatre is a Roman amphitheatre in Chester, Cheshire. The site is managed by English Heritage; it is designated as a Grade I listed building, and a scheduled monument. The ruins currently exposed are those of a large stone amphitheatre, similar to those found in Continental Europe, and although it was long believed that a smaller wooden amphitheatre existed on the site beforehand, excavations since 1999 have shown that the wooden grillage is the base of the seating. Today, only the northern half of the structure is exposed; the southern half is covered by buildings, some of which are themselves listed. (en)
  • Het Amfitheater van Chester is een Romeins amfitheater in Chester in Groot-Brittannië. Het oorspronkelijke amfitheater werd in de jaren 70 van de 1e eeuw n.Chr. gebouwd. Het hoorde bij het militaire kamp en diende ter vermaak van de daar gelegerde legionairs van het Legio II Adiutrix. Mogelijk trainden deze soldaten ook in het amfitheater. Het eerste theater was gemaakt van hout en had afmetingen van 75 bij 67 meter. De restanten van het amfitheater werden in 1929 bij toeval ontdekt bij de aanleg van een weg. (nl)
  • O Anfiteatro de Deva Vitoriosa ou somente Deva, também conhecido como Anfiteatro de Céstria, é um anfiteatro romano localizado na cidade de Céstria, no condado de Cheshire, na Inglaterra. O sítio é administrado pelo English Heritage e é designado como um edifício listado de Grau I, e um . As ruínas atualmente expostas são aqueles de um grande anfiteatro de pedra, similar aqueles encontrados na Europa Continental, e embora foi grande acreditou-se que um anfiteatro de madeira menor existiu no sítio antes deste, com escavações realizadas em 1999 revelando um gradeado de madeira na base dos acento. Hoje, apenas a metade norte da estrutura está exposta; a porção sul está coberta por edifícios, alguns dos quais também são patrimônio listado. (pt)
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  • Chester Roman Amphitheatre (en)
  • Amphithéâtre de Chester (fr)
  • Amfitheater van Chester (nl)
  • Anfiteatro de Deva (pt)
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