The battles at Göta älv were a series of battles and sieges which took place in and around the Gothenburg area between 1717 and 1719, between the Swedish Empire and Denmark-Norway, during the Great Northern War.

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dbo:abstract
  • Striderna vid Göta älv var en serie av slag och belägringar som ägde rum i Göteborgsområdet under 1717 och 1719, mellan försvarande Sverige, och anfallande Danmark-Norge, under slutskedet av stora nordiska kriget. Sedan Karl XII tvingats att avbryta sitt anfall mot södra Norge 1716, försökte Danmark-Norge under ledning av den unge kommendören Peter Tordenskjold, att blockera Göteborg och anfalla dess nyanlagda flottbas Nya Varvet på våren 1717, men utan framgång. Under sommaren anfölls också Strömstad, även det utan framgång för Tordenskjold. En konsekvens av anfallen blev att den svenska örlogsflottan i Göteborg, Göteborgseskadern, flyttades från staden, framförallt till Marstrand och några mindre fartyg till Strömstad. Efter Karl XII:s förnyade anfall mot Norge på hösten 1718, och sedan fredsförhandlingar brutit samman under tidiga sommaren 1719, anföll Danmark-Norge återigen Bohuslän. Målet för operationerna var att få ett snabbt slut på kriget med en landförlust för Sverige, men också att få slut på det svenska kaperiet som tog hårt på Danmark-Norge. Strömstad intogs snabbt i början av juli 1719, och den starka Karlstens fästning i Marstrand erövrades av Tordenskjold, delvis med hjälp av psykologisk krigföring. Under striderna i Marstrand sänktes större delen av Göteborgseskadern av egna besättningar, för att inte komma i fiendehänder. Ett följande dansk-norskt anfall mot fästningen Nya Älvsborg i Göteborgs hamninlopp slogs tillbaka av svenskarna. Innan striderna ebbade ut under hösten 1719 genomförde Tordenskjold återigen ett anfall mot Nya Varvet, med ett mindre antal soldater och mera framgångsrikt än tidigare. (sv)
  • The battles at Göta älv were a series of battles and sieges which took place in and around the Gothenburg area between 1717 and 1719, between the Swedish Empire and Denmark-Norway, during the Great Northern War. When Charles XII was forced to halt his assault on southern Norway in 1716, Dano-Norwegian troops, under the command of the young commander Peter Tordenskjold, attempted to blockade Gothenburg and assault its newly constructed naval base; Nya Varvet (the New Yard) in the spring of 1717, but was unsuccessful. Tordenskold also attempted an assault on Strömstad, also without success. The attacks resulted in the Swedes rebasing their Gothenburg Squadron to Marstrand, some smaller vessels were rebased to Strömstad. Following Charles XII's renewed assault on Norway in the autumn of 1718, as well as the breakdown of the 1719 peace negotiations, Denmark-Norway launched yet another assault targeting Bohuslän. The goal for the Dano-Norwegian forces was to achieve a quick end of the war with a resulting territorial loss for Sweden, but also to halt the Swedes' privateering operations which were taking a toll on Denmark-Norway. Strömstad was quickly conquered by early July 1719, and the strong Carlsten Fortress at Marstrand was conquered by Tordenskjold, partly thanks to psychological warfare. During the battles in and around Marstrand, large parts of the Gothenburg Squadron were sunk by friendly forces in order to prevent its vessels from falling under enemy control. A subsequent Dano-Norwegian assault against the Älvsborg fortress in the riverhead of Gothenburg's inlet port was countered by the Swedes. Just before hostilities would calm down in the autumn of 1719, Tordenskjold launched yet another assault on Nya Varvet, this time with fewer troops but was a more successful operation than its predecessor. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • A few sunken ships
  • Over 30 dead, 70 injured
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 1717-05-02 (xsd:date)
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dbo:place
dbo:result
  • Swedish victory
dbo:strength
  • * 1717 – 550 soldiers, 400 cannons, 6 frigates
  • * 1719 – 360+ soldiers, 80+ cannons, 3 galleys
  • * 1800 soldiers, 340 cannons, 30 ships
  • * 30 soldiers, ~18 cannons, 11 ships
  • * 6000 soldiers, 528 cannons, 20 ships
  • * September 1719 – ~100 soldiers, ~100 cannons
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  • 54205289 (xsd:integer)
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  • 34721 (xsd:integer)
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  • 980455561 (xsd:integer)
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dbp:caption
  • Danish forces firing upon Nya Älvsborg fortress whilst leaving Göta älv entrance, May 1717. (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Over 30 dead, 70 injured A few sunken ships (en)
  • Over 60 dead, 73 injured Several ships sunk or captured by the Swedes (en)
dbp:commander
  • Abraham Lillie (en)
  • Carl Gustaf Mörner (en)
  • Georg Bogislaus Staël (en)
  • Olof Strömstierna (en)
  • Oluf Budde (en)
  • Peter Tordenskjold (en)
dbp:conflict
  • Battles at Göta älv (en)
dbp:date
  • --05-02
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  • 300 (xsd:integer)
dbp:partof
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • Swedish victory (en)
dbp:strength
  • * 1717 – 550 soldiers, 400 cannons, 6 frigates * 1719 – 360+ soldiers, 80+ cannons, 3 galleys * September 1719 – ~100 soldiers, ~100 cannons (en)
  • * 1800 soldiers, 340 cannons, 30 ships * 6000 soldiers, 528 cannons, 20 ships * 30 soldiers, ~18 cannons, 11 ships (en)
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rdfs:comment
  • The battles at Göta älv were a series of battles and sieges which took place in and around the Gothenburg area between 1717 and 1719, between the Swedish Empire and Denmark-Norway, during the Great Northern War. (en)
  • Striderna vid Göta älv var en serie av slag och belägringar som ägde rum i Göteborgsområdet under 1717 och 1719, mellan försvarande Sverige, och anfallande Danmark-Norge, under slutskedet av stora nordiska kriget. (sv)
rdfs:label
  • Battles at Göta Älv (en)
  • Striderna vid Göta älv (sv)
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  • Battles at Göta älv (en)
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