The Battle of Ravenna, capital of the Western Roman Empire, between the Heruli under their King Odoacer and the remnants of the Western Roman Army in Roman Italy occurred in early September 476. The Roman Empire had been in relative decline since the beginning of the barbarian invasions and Rome, the symbolical heart and largest city of the Western Empire, was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths and in 455 by the Vandals. By 476 the Roman Emperor was little more than a puppet, having very little de facto control of any territory outside of Italy. The last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was not recognized as a legitimate ruler outside of Italy; the Eastern Roman Empire recognized Julius Nepos as the true Western Roman Emperor.

Property Value
dbo:abstract
  • La batalla de Ravenna fou lliurada entre les restes de l'exèrcit romà d'Occident i els hèruls, dirigits pel seu capitost, Odoacre, a principis de setembre del 476 a Itàlia. L'Imperi Romà es trobava en un declivi relatiu des de l'inici de les invasions bàrbares i Roma, el cor i principal ciutat de l'Imperi Romà d'Occident, havia estat saquejada el 410 pels visigots i el 455 pels vàndals. El 476, l'emperador d'Occident ja era poc més que un cacic que controlava molt poc territori fora d'Itàlia. De fet, l'últim emperador d'Occident, Ròmul Augústul, ni tan sols no era reconegut com a governant legítim fora d'Itàlia; l'Imperi Romà d'Orient reconeixia Juli Nepot com a emperador d'Occident legítim. Els hèruls eren federats de l'Imperi Romà d'Occident, és a dir, servien com a mercenaris al seu exèrcit. Envejosos d'altres pobles germànics establerts a la Gàl·lia, Hispània i Àfrica, que havien pres terres per la força de les armes, exigiren que un terç del territori italià fos dividit immediatament entre ells. Quan Orestes, pare de l'emperador adolescent Ròmul Augústul, rebutjà la seva demanda, s'alçaren en rebel·lió i soldats germànics de tot Itàlia s'uniren a les forces d'Odoacre. Orestes es retirà a Pavia, que posteriorment fou víctima d'un saqueig que acabà amb l'execució d'Orestes. La batalla decisiva tingué lloc el 2 de setembre del 476 prop de Ravenna, capital de l'Imperi Romà d'Occident. Els federats derrotaren el poc que quedava de la guarnició romana. La ciutat, defensada per Paule, germà d'Orestes, fou presa ràpidament i fàcil. Dos dies més tard, Odoacre obligà l'emperador Ròmul Augústul, d enomés setze anys, a abdicar i posà fi a dotze segles de domini romà a Itàlia, que es remuntaven a la fundació del regne romà el 753 aC. Ròmul fou enviat a passar la resta dels seus dies a Campània. (ca)
  • La battaglia di Ravenna, capitale dell'impero romano d'occidente, avvenne tra il 2 e il 4 settembre del 476, e vide l'ultimo esercito romano occidentale, comandato da Paolo, affrontare e subire la sua disfatta finale contro gli Heruli sotto il loro re Odoacre. (it)
  • The Battle of Ravenna, capital of the Western Roman Empire, between the Heruli under their King Odoacer and the remnants of the Western Roman Army in Roman Italy occurred in early September 476. The Roman Empire had been in relative decline since the beginning of the barbarian invasions and Rome, the symbolical heart and largest city of the Western Empire, was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths and in 455 by the Vandals. By 476 the Roman Emperor was little more than a puppet, having very little de facto control of any territory outside of Italy. The last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was not recognized as a legitimate ruler outside of Italy; the Eastern Roman Empire recognized Julius Nepos as the true Western Roman Emperor. Herulians were foederati of the Western Roman Empire; they were mercenary troops of the Roman Army of Italy. They envied the fortune of their brethren in Gaul, Spain, and Africa, whose victorious arms had acquired an independent and perpetual inheritance; and they insisted that a third part of the lands of Italy should be immediately divided among them. Orestes, the father of Emperor Romulus Augustus, rejected their demand - causing their revolt. From all the camps and garrisons of Italy the confederates flocked to the standard of Odoacer, their leader; Orestes later retreated to Pavia. Pavia was subsequently pillaged and Orestes was executed. The decisive battle was fought on September 2, 476 near Ravenna, the capital of the Western Roman Empire: it saw the Foederati defeat the largely depleted Roman garrison. The city, defended by Paulus (the brother of Orestes) was captured swiftly and easily. Two days later, the sixteen year old Emperor Romulus Augustulus was forced to abdicate by Odoacer, ending twelve-hundred years of Roman rule in Italy beginning with the Roman Kingdom in 753 BC. Romulus was sent into retirement in Campania. (en)
dbo:causalties
  • Unknown
dbo:combatant
  • *17pxHeruli
  • *Scirii
  • *Turcilingi
  • 16pxWestern Roman Empire
  • Germanicfoederati
  • Segments of the Western Roman army
dbo:commander
dbo:date
  • 0476-09-04 (xsd:date)
dbo:isPartOfMilitaryConflict
dbo:place
dbo:result
  • *Deposition of Romulus Augustulus
  • *Odoacerproclaims himselfKing of Italy
  • *Western Roman Empire disintegrated
  • Germanic foederati victory
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  • Unknown
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dbp:caption
  • Romulus Augustulus resigns the crown. Drawing from the Young Folks' History of Rome, 1880. (en)
dbp:casualties
  • Unknown (en)
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  • 16 (xsd:integer)
  • Germanic foederati *17px Heruli *Scirii *Turcilingi Segments of the Western Roman army (en)
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  • 16 (xsd:integer)
  • 17 (xsd:integer)
dbp:conflict
  • Battle of Ravenna (en)
dbp:date
  • --09-04
dbp:partof
  • the Germanic Wars and the Fall of the Western Roman Empire (en)
dbp:place
dbp:result
  • Germanic foederati victory *Western Roman Empire disintegrated *Deposition of Romulus Augustulus *Odoacer proclaims himself King of Italy (en)
dbp:strength
  • Unknown (en)
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  • La battaglia di Ravenna, capitale dell'impero romano d'occidente, avvenne tra il 2 e il 4 settembre del 476, e vide l'ultimo esercito romano occidentale, comandato da Paolo, affrontare e subire la sua disfatta finale contro gli Heruli sotto il loro re Odoacre. (it)
  • La batalla de Ravenna fou lliurada entre les restes de l'exèrcit romà d'Occident i els hèruls, dirigits pel seu capitost, Odoacre, a principis de setembre del 476 a Itàlia. L'Imperi Romà es trobava en un declivi relatiu des de l'inici de les invasions bàrbares i Roma, el cor i principal ciutat de l'Imperi Romà d'Occident, havia estat saquejada el 410 pels visigots i el 455 pels vàndals. El 476, l'emperador d'Occident ja era poc més que un cacic que controlava molt poc territori fora d'Itàlia. De fet, l'últim emperador d'Occident, Ròmul Augústul, ni tan sols no era reconegut com a governant legítim fora d'Itàlia; l'Imperi Romà d'Orient reconeixia Juli Nepot com a emperador d'Occident legítim. (ca)
  • The Battle of Ravenna, capital of the Western Roman Empire, between the Heruli under their King Odoacer and the remnants of the Western Roman Army in Roman Italy occurred in early September 476. The Roman Empire had been in relative decline since the beginning of the barbarian invasions and Rome, the symbolical heart and largest city of the Western Empire, was sacked in 410 by the Visigoths and in 455 by the Vandals. By 476 the Roman Emperor was little more than a puppet, having very little de facto control of any territory outside of Italy. The last Roman emperor, Romulus Augustulus, was not recognized as a legitimate ruler outside of Italy; the Eastern Roman Empire recognized Julius Nepos as the true Western Roman Emperor. (en)
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  • Batalla de Ravenna (476) (ca)
  • Battle of Ravenna (476) (en)
  • Battaglia di Ravenna (476) (it)
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  • Battle of Ravenna (476) (en)
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