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Experiments involving non-human primates (NHPs) include toxicity testing for medical and non-medical substances; studies of infectious disease, such as HIV and hepatitis; neurological studies; behavior and cognition; reproduction; genetics; and xenotransplantation. Around 65,000 NHPs are used every year in the United States, and around 7,000 across the European Union. Most are purpose-bred, while some are caught in the wild.

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  • Experiments involving non-human primates (NHPs) include toxicity testing for medical and non-medical substances; studies of infectious disease, such as HIV and hepatitis; neurological studies; behavior and cognition; reproduction; genetics; and xenotransplantation. Around 65,000 NHPs are used every year in the United States, and around 7,000 across the European Union. Most are purpose-bred, while some are caught in the wild. Their use is controversial. According to the Nuffield Council on Bioethics, NHPs are used because their brains share structural and functional features with human brains, but "while this similarity has scientific advantages, it poses some difficult ethical problems, because of an increased likelihood that primates experience pain and suffering in ways that are similar to humans." Some of the most publicized attacks on animal research facilities by animal rights groups have occurred because of primate research. Some primate researchers have abandoned their studies because of threats or attacks. In December 2006, an inquiry chaired by Sir David Weatherall, emeritus professor of medicine at Oxford University, concluded that there is a "strong scientific and moral case" for using primates in some research. The British Union for the Abolition of Vivisection argues that the Weatherall report failed to address "the welfare needs and moral case for subjecting these sensitive, intelligent creatures to a lifetime of suffering in UK labs". (en)
  • Os testes com primatas não-humanos foram e ainda são amplamente utilizados pela indústria de alimentos e de produtos de limpeza e higiene a fim de tentar evitar futuros problemas para seres humanos. Os primatas são escolhidos pois os animais como camundongos e ratos são diferentes demais dos seres humanos. Contudo, o uso desses animais gera inúmeras polêmicas e fez com que em 2007 o Parlamento Europeu pedisse o fim de experiências científicas com macacos. O uso de animais em testes é um discussão polêmica e configura-se como um dos exemplos de Questões sociocientíficas (QSC) na medida que necessitam de discussões que demandam não somente da participação dos cientistas mas de toda a sociedade. (pt)
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  • Experiments involving non-human primates (NHPs) include toxicity testing for medical and non-medical substances; studies of infectious disease, such as HIV and hepatitis; neurological studies; behavior and cognition; reproduction; genetics; and xenotransplantation. Around 65,000 NHPs are used every year in the United States, and around 7,000 across the European Union. Most are purpose-bred, while some are caught in the wild. (en)
  • Os testes com primatas não-humanos foram e ainda são amplamente utilizados pela indústria de alimentos e de produtos de limpeza e higiene a fim de tentar evitar futuros problemas para seres humanos. Os primatas são escolhidos pois os animais como camundongos e ratos são diferentes demais dos seres humanos. Contudo, o uso desses animais gera inúmeras polêmicas e fez com que em 2007 o Parlamento Europeu pedisse o fim de experiências científicas com macacos. (pt)
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  • Animal testing on non-human primates (en)
  • Testes com primatas não humanos (pt)
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