About: Alcaligenes

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Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with amphitrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of non-fermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of opportunis

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  • مقلية (الاسم العلمي: Alcaligenes) هي جنس من البكتيريا، سلبية الغرام، تتبع المقليات. (ar)
  • Les Alcaligenes són un gènere microbiològic de bacteris Gram-negatius, aeròbiques, incloses en l'ordre Burkholderiales. Les spècies d'Alcaligenes s'usen per a la producció industrial d'aminoàcids no estàndards; A. eutrophus també produeix el biopolímer polihidroxibutirat (PHB. (ca)
  • Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with amphitrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of non-fermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of opportunistic infections, including nosocomial sepsis. Alcaligenes faecalis causes nosocomial sepsis, arising from contaminated hemodialysis or intravenous fluid, in immunocompromised patients. Alcaligenes species have been used for the industrial production of nonstandard amino acids; A. eutrophus also produces the biopolymer polyhydroxybutyrate. They are rods, coccal rods, or cocci, sized at about 0.5-1.0 x 0.5-2.6 μm. They are obligately aerobic, but some can undergo anaerobic respiration if nitrate is present. They tend to be colorless. They typically occur in the soil and water, and some live in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates. Samples from blood, urine, feces, discharge from ears, spinal fluid, and wounds have produced this type of bacteria. Zoonotic infections from ferrets have been recorded. Alcaligenes species have been increasingly recovered over the past decade from patients with cystic fibrosis (CF). An experiment recently examined the frequency of correct identification of Alcaligenes species by microbiology labs affiliated with American CF patient care centers. Most (89%) strains of microbial agents in these tests were correctly identified by the referring laboratories as Alcaligenes xylosoxidans. A. faecalis was isolated in 1896 by Petruschky from stale beer. Several strains of the organism have been found since then. This species is motile, flagellated, slender, slightly curved, not spore-forming, slowly growing, nonfermenting, capsule forming, Gram-negative aerobe of the family Alcaligenaceae. This species is most commonly found in the alimentary tract as a harmless saprophyte in 5% – 19% of the normal population. Systemic infection with this organism is very uncommon. It has been reported to cause sepsis, meningitis, peritonitis, enteric fever, appendicitis, cystitis, chronic suppurative otitis media, abscesses, arthritis, pneumonitis, and endocarditis. It has been associated with fatal outcomes because these organisms are resistant to commonly used antibiotics. The name Alcaligenes has its origin in Arabic and Greek and means "alkali-producing". It was named in 1919. (en)
  • Alcaligenes es un género microbiológico de bacterias Gram-negativas, aeróbicas, incluidas en el orden Burkholderiales. Las especies de Alcaligenes se usan para la producción industrial de aminoácidos no estándares; A. eutrophus también produce el biopolímero polihidroxibutirato (PHB). (es)
  • Alcaligenes generoa bakterio Gram negatiboz osatua dago, orokorrean bazilo itxura dutenak. Aerobio hertsiak (O/H: +/-) eta mugikorrak dira (flagelo peritrikoak dituzte). Ez dute esporarik sortzen. Hainbat aminoazido eskuratzeko erabiltzen dira industrian bakterio hauek. Genero honetako espezie ezagunena Alcaligenes faecalis da, ugaztunen heste-traktuan oso ugaria dena. Mikrobio hau oportunista da, hots, immunitate-sistema ahula dutenengan infekzioak eragin ditzake. (eu)
  • Alcaligenes ist eine Gattung gramnegativer Bakterien. (de)
  • Gli Alcaligenes sono un genere di batteri Gram-negativi, ossidasi positivi ed aerobici. La loro forma è a bastoncello. Le sue specie si possono muovere grazie ad uno o più flagelli, distribuiti uniformemente su tutta la superficie della cellula. Gli Alcaligenes sono stati usati dalle industrie per la produzione amminoacidi non ordinari; l'A. eutrophus produce anche il polimero Poli-β-idrossibutirrato (PHB. (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属はグラム陰性の鞭毛を有する非芽胞形成好気性桿菌。アルカリゲネス科に属し、その基準属である。属名はアルカリと生み出すという意味のギリシア語に因む。基準種はアルカリ大便菌でGC含量は56から70。 一部の種はヒドロゲナーゼを有し水素を利用する水素酸化細菌としてよく研究されている。また、硝酸や亜硝酸を還元して窒素分子とするもの(アルカリゲネス.デニトリフィカンスが代表)もあり、それらは硝酸還元菌に分類される。また、一酸化炭素を酸化する種もある。有機酸塩の有機酸を代謝してアルカリにするため名付けられた。水中、土壌、消化管など自然界に広範に存在する。 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes é um gênero de bactérias gram-negativas aeróbicas da família Alcaligenaceae. (pt)
  • 产碱菌属(学名:Alcaligenes)為伯克氏菌目产碱菌科的一属好氧或兼性厌氧发酵型革兰氏阴性杆菌。细胞为杆状、球杆状或球状。此属的模式种为粪产碱菌(Alcaligenes faecalis。 (zh)
  • Alcaligenes — рід грам-негативних палочкоподібних бактерій. Види цього роду широко використовується для промислового біосинтезу нестандартних амінокислот, A. eutrophus також синтезуж біополімер полігідроксибутірат (PHB). (uk)
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  • Alcaligenes (en)
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  • Castellani & Chalmers 1919 (en)
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  • Alcaligenes faecalis, flagella stain (en)
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  • Alcaligenes (en)
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  • * A. aestus * A. aquatilis * A. cupidus * A. defragrans * A. denitrificans * A. eutrophus * A. faecalis * A. latus * A. pacificus * A. piechaudii * A. ruhlandii * A. venustus * A. xylosoxidans (en)
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  • Species (en)
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  • مقلية (الاسم العلمي: Alcaligenes) هي جنس من البكتيريا، سلبية الغرام، تتبع المقليات. (ar)
  • Les Alcaligenes són un gènere microbiològic de bacteris Gram-negatius, aeròbiques, incloses en l'ordre Burkholderiales. Les spècies d'Alcaligenes s'usen per a la producció industrial d'aminoàcids no estàndards; A. eutrophus també produeix el biopolímer polihidroxibutirat (PHB. (ca)
  • Alcaligenes es un género microbiológico de bacterias Gram-negativas, aeróbicas, incluidas en el orden Burkholderiales. Las especies de Alcaligenes se usan para la producción industrial de aminoácidos no estándares; A. eutrophus también produce el biopolímero polihidroxibutirato (PHB). (es)
  • Alcaligenes generoa bakterio Gram negatiboz osatua dago, orokorrean bazilo itxura dutenak. Aerobio hertsiak (O/H: +/-) eta mugikorrak dira (flagelo peritrikoak dituzte). Ez dute esporarik sortzen. Hainbat aminoazido eskuratzeko erabiltzen dira industrian bakterio hauek. Genero honetako espezie ezagunena Alcaligenes faecalis da, ugaztunen heste-traktuan oso ugaria dena. Mikrobio hau oportunista da, hots, immunitate-sistema ahula dutenengan infekzioak eragin ditzake. (eu)
  • Alcaligenes ist eine Gattung gramnegativer Bakterien. (de)
  • Gli Alcaligenes sono un genere di batteri Gram-negativi, ossidasi positivi ed aerobici. La loro forma è a bastoncello. Le sue specie si possono muovere grazie ad uno o più flagelli, distribuiti uniformemente su tutta la superficie della cellula. Gli Alcaligenes sono stati usati dalle industrie per la produzione amminoacidi non ordinari; l'A. eutrophus produce anche il polimero Poli-β-idrossibutirrato (PHB. (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属はグラム陰性の鞭毛を有する非芽胞形成好気性桿菌。アルカリゲネス科に属し、その基準属である。属名はアルカリと生み出すという意味のギリシア語に因む。基準種はアルカリ大便菌でGC含量は56から70。 一部の種はヒドロゲナーゼを有し水素を利用する水素酸化細菌としてよく研究されている。また、硝酸や亜硝酸を還元して窒素分子とするもの(アルカリゲネス.デニトリフィカンスが代表)もあり、それらは硝酸還元菌に分類される。また、一酸化炭素を酸化する種もある。有機酸塩の有機酸を代謝してアルカリにするため名付けられた。水中、土壌、消化管など自然界に広範に存在する。 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes é um gênero de bactérias gram-negativas aeróbicas da família Alcaligenaceae. (pt)
  • 产碱菌属(学名:Alcaligenes)為伯克氏菌目产碱菌科的一属好氧或兼性厌氧发酵型革兰氏阴性杆菌。细胞为杆状、球杆状或球状。此属的模式种为粪产碱菌(Alcaligenes faecalis。 (zh)
  • Alcaligenes — рід грам-негативних палочкоподібних бактерій. Види цього роду широко використовується для промислового біосинтезу нестандартних амінокислот, A. eutrophus також синтезуж біополімер полігідроксибутірат (PHB). (uk)
  • Alcaligenes is a genus of Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The species are motile with amphitrichous flagella and rarely nonmotile. It is a genus of non-fermenting bacteria (in the family Alcaligenaceae). Additionally, some strains of Alcaligenes are capable of anaerobic respiration, but they must be in the presence of nitrate or nitrite; otherwise, their metabolism is respiratory and never fermentative; The genus does not use carbohydrates. Strains of Alcaligenes (such as A. faecalis) are found mostly in the intestinal tracts of vertebrates, decaying materials, dairy products, water, and soil; they can be isolated from human respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts and wounds in hospitalized patients with compromised immune systems. They are occasionally the cause of opportunis (en)
rdfs:label
  • Alcaligenes (en)
  • مقلية (ar)
  • Alcaligenes (ca)
  • Alcaligenes (de)
  • Alcaligenes (eu)
  • Alcaligenes (es)
  • Alcaligenes (it)
  • アルカリゲネス属 (ja)
  • Alcaligenes (pt)
  • Alcaligenes (uk)
  • 产碱菌属 (zh)
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  • Alcaligenes (en)
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