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Al-Hasan ibn Sahl (Arabic: الحسن بن سهل‎) (died 850/51) was an Abbasid official and governor of Iraq for Caliph al-Ma'mun (reigned 813–833) during the Fourth Fitna. Hasan's father was an Iranian Zoroastrian convert to Islam. Along with his brother, the future vizier al-Fadl ibn Sahl, Hasan entered the service of the Barmakid al-Fadl ibn Yahya in the reign of Harun al-Rashid (r. 786–809). During the civil war of the Fourth Fitna against Ma'mun's half-brother al-Amin (r. 808–813), he was entrusted with the supervision of the land tax (kharaj) office.

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  • أبو محمد الحسن بن سهل السرخسي، فارسي المولد من وزراء الخليفة المأمون وولاته وقواده، وأخو الفضل بن سهل المعروف بذي الرياستين وابنته هي بوران زوجة المأمون. * بوابة إيران * بوابة السياسة * بوابة أعلام * بوابة الإسلام هذه بذرة مقالة عن موضوع إسلامي ديني أو تاريخي بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Al-Hàssan ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh o, més senzillament, Al-Hàssan ibn Sahl (? - , 850/851) fou un visir i governador abbàssida al servei d'al-Mamun. Era germà del visir Al-Fadl ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh i com aquest d'origen iranià i fill d'un zoroastrià. Va servir a les ordres del barmàquida Al-Fadl ibn Yahya abans del 803. Després del 809 va donar suport a al-Mamun contra el seu germà al-Amin i el 812, el va nomenar director de l'import de les terres (al-kharadj) a les províncies que al-Mamun controlava. El 813 fou nomenat governador de Khorasan i enviat a l'Iraq on va exercir el govern mentre el califa encara restava a Merv (així doncs amb les posicions canviades) i durant la seva administració es van revoltar els alides Ibn Tabataba i Abu-s-Saraya aix-Xaybaní (814); no disposava de forces per combatre la rebel·lió i el general Harthama ibn Ayan ja estava de camí de tornada cap al Khurasan, quan fou cridat per fer-hi front; el general va tirar enrere i es va enfrontar a Abu-s-Saraya a Kasr Ibn Hubayra (maig/juny del 815) i el va derrotar. També es va produir l'aixecament de la població de Bagdad que va declarar deposat a al-Mamun i va nomenar califa a Ibrahim ibn al-Mahdi. Al-Mamun va decidir retornar a Bagdad (818) i en el curs del viatge el visir al-Fadl ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh fou assassinat a Sarakhs el febrer d'aquell any. Els rumors deien que el mateix califa havia instigat l'assassinat. Mort al-Fadl el califa va nomenar visir al seu germà Hasan ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh però aquest es va retirar tot seguit de la vida pública (tot i que va romandre amic del califa) i es va instal·lar a Fam al-Silh, prop de Wasit, a les terres familiars. En aquest lloc es van celebrar les fastuoses cerimònies de l'enllaç de la seva filla Buran amb el califa al-Mamun (825/826), filla a la que va donar el palau de que Hasan tenia al sud de Bagdad. (ca)
  • Al-Hasan ibn Sahl (Arabic: الحسن بن سهل‎) (died 850/51) was an Abbasid official and governor of Iraq for Caliph al-Ma'mun (reigned 813–833) during the Fourth Fitna. Hasan's father was an Iranian Zoroastrian convert to Islam. Along with his brother, the future vizier al-Fadl ibn Sahl, Hasan entered the service of the Barmakid al-Fadl ibn Yahya in the reign of Harun al-Rashid (r. 786–809). During the civil war of the Fourth Fitna against Ma'mun's half-brother al-Amin (r. 808–813), he was entrusted with the supervision of the land tax (kharaj) office. After Ma'mun's troops captured the caliphal capital, Baghdad, Hasan was sent west to assume the governance of Iraq, while Ma'mun and Fadl remained in Marv. In early 815, the Zaydi Alid revolt of and broke out at Kufa and spread quickly through southern Iraq. Hasan proved unable to confront it, and the rebels at one point threatened Baghdad itself before the intervention of the capable general Harthama ibn A'yan led to the suppression of the revolt. The domination of the Caliphate by Fadl and the Khurasanis around him however aroused great opposition among the old-established Arab aristocracy who advised al-Ma'mun to replace him with an Arab governor instead. The animosity between al-Hasan and the Arab aristocracy is reflected by the slogan: "We won't accept the Zoroastrian, son of the Zoroastrian al-Hasan b. Sahl, and we'll drive him out until he returns to Khurasan". Hasan ibn Sahl was forced to abandon the city, where various factional leaders shared power. A year later his brother al-Fadl was assassinated. Perhaps by the same party. In July 817, after news reached the city that Ma'mun had chosen an Alid, Ali ibn Musa al-Rida, as his heir-apparent, the city appointed his uncle, Ibrahim ibn al-Mahdi, as Caliph. Following Fadl's murder in 818 and Ma'mun's entry in Baghdad in 819, there were expectations that Hasan would succeed his brother as vizier of the Caliphate, but Hasan, shocked by Fadl's death, preferred to retire from politics and withdraw to his estates around Wasit, where he remained until his death in 850/1. In 825, however, he married his daughter, Buran (807–884), to Ma'mun, and gave her as dowry the palace of Qasr al-Hasani, south of Baghdad, which thereafter became one of the caliphal residences. (en)
  • al-Ḥasan ibn Saḥl ibn Zadhānfarūkh (in arabo: ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﺫﺍﻧﻔﺮﻭخ‎) o, più semplicemente, al-Ḥasan b. Saḥl (? - , 850/851) fu un vizir e governatore abbaside, al servizio di al-Maʾmūn. Era fratello germano del visir e, come lui, di origine persiana e figli di un zoroastriano. Fu al servizio del vizir barmecide prima dell'803. Poi, dall'809 appoggiò al-Maʾmūn nella sua lotta contro suo fratello germano, il Califfo, al-Amīn e nell'812, questi lo premiò nominandolo direttore dell'amministrazione delegata alla raccolta delle imposte fondiarie (dīwān al-kharāj) nelle province controllate da al-Maʾmūn. Nell'813 fu nominato governatore del Khorasan e inviato in Iraq per esercitarvi l'attività di governo, creando il paradosso per cui un sottoposto risiedeva nella capitale califfale e il califfo in quella governatorale del Khorasan..Nel corso del governatorato di al-Ḥasan ibn Saḥl, si ebbe la rivolta alide di e di (814). Non disponendo di sufficienti truppe per domare l'insurrezione, il governatore fu costretto a ricorrere ai servigi del generale , di ritorno dal Khorasan, cui fu ordinato di invertire la marcia. Lo scontro tra le truppe califfali e Abu l-Saraya avvenne a Qasr Ibn Hubayra (maggio/giugno dell'815) e la vittoria arrise alle prime. Tuttavia la situazione rimase assai complicata e gravida di pericoli, dal momento che la popolazione di Baghdad si espresse in favore della deposizione di al-Maʾmūn in favore di suo zio, , artista assai apprezzato, anche dal nipote. Al-Ma'mun decise allora di tornare a Baghdad (818) e nel corso del suo trasferimento, il vizir fu assassinato a Sarakhs nel febbraio di quello stesso anno. Voci indimostrabili dissero che a tessere le fila del complotto omicida sarebbe stato lo stesso califfo. Morto al-Fadl, il califfo nominò comunque suo fratello al-Ḥasan ibn Saḥl, ma questi, del tutto inspiegabilmente (a meno di non credere che egli temesse di fare la medesima fine del fratello) decise di ritirarsi dalla vita pubblica, pur rimanendo intimo amico del califfo. Si insediò quindi nella sua villa di Fam al-Silh, vicino Wasit, nelle terre di sua proprietà. Proprio qui fu celebrato il lussuoso matrimonio di sua figlia Buran con lo stesso califfo al-Ma'mun (825/826), cui il Comandante dei Credenti regalò come dono nuziale il palazzo del , che al-Hasan ebbe a sua disposizione l sud della capitale abbaside. (it)
  • Haçane ibne Sal (Al-Hasan ibn Sahl - "Haçane, filho de Sal"; m. 850/1) foi um oficial abássida e governador do Iraque do califa Almamune (r. 813–833) durante a . (pt)
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  • Dominique Sourdel (en)
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  • c. 850/851 (en)
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  • Wasit, Abbasid Caliphate (en)
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  • أبو محمد الحسن بن سهل السرخسي، فارسي المولد من وزراء الخليفة المأمون وولاته وقواده، وأخو الفضل بن سهل المعروف بذي الرياستين وابنته هي بوران زوجة المأمون. * بوابة إيران * بوابة السياسة * بوابة أعلام * بوابة الإسلام هذه بذرة مقالة عن موضوع إسلامي ديني أو تاريخي بحاجة للتوسيع. شارك في تحريرها. (ar)
  • Haçane ibne Sal (Al-Hasan ibn Sahl - "Haçane, filho de Sal"; m. 850/1) foi um oficial abássida e governador do Iraque do califa Almamune (r. 813–833) durante a . (pt)
  • Al-Hàssan ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh o, més senzillament, Al-Hàssan ibn Sahl (? - , 850/851) fou un visir i governador abbàssida al servei d'al-Mamun. Era germà del visir Al-Fadl ibn Sahl ibn Zadhanfarukh i com aquest d'origen iranià i fill d'un zoroastrià. Va servir a les ordres del barmàquida Al-Fadl ibn Yahya abans del 803. Després del 809 va donar suport a al-Mamun contra el seu germà al-Amin i el 812, el va nomenar director de l'import de les terres (al-kharadj) a les províncies que al-Mamun controlava. (ca)
  • Al-Hasan ibn Sahl (Arabic: الحسن بن سهل‎) (died 850/51) was an Abbasid official and governor of Iraq for Caliph al-Ma'mun (reigned 813–833) during the Fourth Fitna. Hasan's father was an Iranian Zoroastrian convert to Islam. Along with his brother, the future vizier al-Fadl ibn Sahl, Hasan entered the service of the Barmakid al-Fadl ibn Yahya in the reign of Harun al-Rashid (r. 786–809). During the civil war of the Fourth Fitna against Ma'mun's half-brother al-Amin (r. 808–813), he was entrusted with the supervision of the land tax (kharaj) office. (en)
  • al-Ḥasan ibn Saḥl ibn Zadhānfarūkh (in arabo: ﺍﻟﺤﺴﻦ ﺑﻦ ﺳﻬﻞ ﺍﻟﺰﺫﺍﻧﻔﺮﻭخ‎) o, più semplicemente, al-Ḥasan b. Saḥl (? - , 850/851) fu un vizir e governatore abbaside, al servizio di al-Maʾmūn. Era fratello germano del visir e, come lui, di origine persiana e figli di un zoroastriano. (it)
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  • الحسن بن سهل (ar)
  • Al-Hàssan ibn Sahl (ca)
  • Al-Hasan ibn Sahl (en)
  • Al-Hasan ibn Sahl (it)
  • Haçane ibne Sal (pt)
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