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Air Rhodesia Flight 825 was a scheduled passenger flight that was shot down by the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) on 3 September 1978, during the Rhodesian Bush War. The aircraft involved, a Vickers Viscount named the Hunyani, was flying the last leg of Air Rhodesia's regular scheduled service from Victoria Falls to the capital Salisbury, via the resort town of Kariba.

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dbo:abstract
  • Let Air Rhodesia 825 byl pravidelný let společnosti spojující Viktoriiny vodopády a Harare s mezipřistáním v Karibě. Dne 3. září 1978, během občanské války v Rhodésii, byl letoun Vickers Viscount 782D, který jej obsluhoval, sestřelen povstalci ze (ZIPRA). Brzy po odletu z Kariby byl letoun sestřelen povstalci ze ZIPRA sovětskou střelou země-vzduch 9K32 Strela-2. Poškozený letoun se pokusil nouzově přistát v bavlínkovém poli, při přistání se však převrátil a rozpadl. Z 52 pasažérů a 4 členů posádky při přistání zemřelo 38 osob. 5 přeživších se vydalo hledat pomoc do nedaleké vesnice, mezitím však na místo dopadu dorazili povstalci, kteří zmasakrovali 10 přeživších střelbou z automatických zbraní, když dalším třem z přeživších se podařilo včas se schovat mezi keři. Stejného dne večer sestřelení letounu přiznal velitel ZIPRA (pozdější viceprezident Zimbabwe), uvedl však, že letoun byl využit k vojenským účelům a odmítl, že by masakrující povstalci patřili k jeho jednotkám. Incident přerušil slibná mírová jednání mezi Nkomem a rhodéským premiérem Ianem Smithem. Boje mezi vládními jednotkami a partyzány se znovu rozhořely, o pět měsíců později, v únoru 1979, byl dokonce povstalci sestřelen další letoun Air Rhodesia. (cs)
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 was a scheduled passenger flight that was shot down by the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) on 3 September 1978, during the Rhodesian Bush War. The aircraft involved, a Vickers Viscount named the Hunyani, was flying the last leg of Air Rhodesia's regular scheduled service from Victoria Falls to the capital Salisbury, via the resort town of Kariba. Soon after Flight 825 took off, a group of ZIPRA guerrillas hit it on its starboard wing with a Soviet-made Strela-2 surface-to-air infrared homing missile, critically damaging the aircraft and forcing an emergency landing. An attempted belly landing in a cotton field just west of Karoi was foiled by a ditch, which caused the plane to cartwheel and break up. Of the 52 passengers and four crew, 38 died in the crash; the insurgents then approached the wreckage, rounded up the 10 survivors they could see and massacred them with automatic gunfire. Three passengers survived by hiding in the surrounding bush, while a further five lived because they had gone to look for water before the guerrillas arrived. ZIPRA leader Joshua Nkomo publicly claimed responsibility for shooting down the Hunyani in an interview with the BBC's Today programme the next day, saying the aircraft had been used for military purposes, but denied that his men had killed survivors on the ground. The majority of Rhodesians, both black and white, saw the attack as an act of terrorism. A fierce Rhodesian backlash followed against enemy strongholds and increased racial tension even though few black Rhodesians supported attacks of this kind. Reports viewing the attack negatively appeared in international journals such as Time magazine, but there was almost no acknowledgement of it by overseas governments, much to the Rhodesian government's indignation. Talks between Nkomo and Prime Minister Ian Smith, which had been progressing promisingly, were immediately suspended by the Rhodesians, with Smith calling Nkomo a "monster". On 10 September, Smith announced the extension of martial law over selected areas. The Rhodesian Security Forces launched several retaliatory strikes into Zambia and Mozambique over the following months, attacking both ZIPRA and its rival, the Zimbabwe African National Liberation Army (ZANLA). The attack on ZIPRA in particular brought great controversy as many of those killed were refugees camping in and around guerrilla positions. In February 1979, ZIPRA shot down Air Rhodesia Flight 827, another civilian flight, in an almost identical incident. (en)
  • Am 3. September 1978 wurde eine Vickers Viscount auf dem Air-Rhodesia-Flug 825 von einer Boden-Luft-Rakete getroffen und verunglückte bei der folgenden Außenlandung. (de)
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 was een vaste lijndienst in de burgerluchtvaart en vloog vanaf de Zimbabwaanse Harare (destijds bekend onder de naam Salisbury, de hoofdstad van Zuid-Rhodesië) via naar de Victoriawatervallen. Het vliegtuig werd neergehaald door het (ZIPRA) op 3 september 1978 tijdens de Zimbabwaanse Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog. Van de 52 passagiers en 4 bemanningsleden overleden er 38 direct na het neerstorten. Tien anderen werden kort daarna gedood door rebellen die ter plaatse poolshoogte namen. (nl)
  • 羅德西亞航空825號班機是一班在1978年9月3日的羅德西亞叢林戰爭中;被(ZIPRA)擊落的航班。該被擊落的航班由一架名為「胡尼亞尼號」的維克斯子爵飛行,當時正飛行經卡里巴至首都索爾茲伯里航線的最後一段,為的定期航班。 825號班機起飛後不久,一班ZIPRA的游擊隊向飛機發射了一枝蘇制箭-2型地對空紅外線導彈;直接擊中機身的右邊機翼,令機體嚴重受損後被迫。飛機嘗試於卡里巴以西的一片棉田進行機腹着陸;但因撞上一道不可見的溝而失敗,機體其後側翻並解體。機上52名乘客和4名機組人員中,38人死於空難中;其後叛軍進入殘骸中,圍捕10個他們見到的生還者並用自動步槍把他們射殺。三名乘客因藏身於周圍的灌木叢中而生還;另外有五人於叛軍到達前離開殘骸尋找水源而避過一劫。 ZIPRA的領導人在同日晚間於英國廣播公司電視台中為擊落「胡尼亞尼號」一事公開承認責任,並指該航班被用作軍事用途,但否認他的手下於地面射殺生還者。當時羅德西亞的民眾,包括白人和黑人均認為此舉動為恐怖主義的行為。 是次事件令羅德西亞的白人社會對察覺到的敵人有激烈的反彈,即使只有少數羅德西亞黑人支持此類攻擊,大多數的白人都因此而對黑人抱有強烈的憤懣和疑心。 一些國際期刊如「時代雜誌」均對事件作出負面的報告,但因羅德西亞政府的憤慨,海外政府對事件幾乎不為所知。 恩科莫和總理伊恩·史密斯的會談,雖然已經很有希望取得進展,卻被憤怒的羅德西亞人因此空難而即時中止,其後史密斯把恩科莫形容為「怪物」。 9月10日,史密斯宣布把戒嚴擴展至特定區域。於其後數個月對贊比亞和莫桑比克進行數次報復性攻擊,同時攻擊ZIPRA和其反抗者津巴布韋非洲民族解放軍。其對尤其ZIPRA的攻擊有極大的爭議,在報復行動中大部份被殺的都是在游擊隊陣地中扎營的難民。 五個月後,即1979年2月,ZIPRA再次將同是民航機的擊落,造成幾乎一樣的空難。 (zh)
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dbp:aircraftType
  • Vickers Viscount 782D (en)
dbp:alt
  • Map of Zambia and the surrounding region showing relevant locations (en)
  • A white and blue aeroplane on a runway, surrounded by tankers of fuel and other equipment. The tail bears a stylised red Zimbabwe Bird, and the words "AIR RHODESIA" are painted above the windows of the cabin. Towards the rear are painted the letters "VP-YNC", with the green and white Rhodesian flag rendered above. (en)
  • Map of Rhodesia showing the respective locations of cities and towns relevant to the flight, and the crash site (en)
dbp:caption
  • A Viscount of Air Rhodesia, similar to the Hunyani (en)
  • Flight 825 was shot down soon after taking off from Kariba. (en)
  • Westlands Farm was ZIPRA's headquarters and Operation Gatling's main target. (en)
dbp:crew
  • 4 (xsd:integer)
dbp:date
  • 1978-09-03 (xsd:date)
dbp:destination
  • Salisbury, Rhodesia (en)
dbp:fatalities
  • 48 (xsd:integer)
dbp:float
  • right (en)
dbp:group
  • n (en)
dbp:lastStopover
  • Kariba, Rhodesia (en)
dbp:name
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 (en)
  • zimbabwe (en)
dbp:occurrenceType
  • Shootdown (en)
dbp:operator
dbp:origin
  • Victoria Falls, Rhodesia (en)
dbp:passengers
  • 52 (xsd:integer)
dbp:places
  • (Z A M B I A) (Zaire) (Angola) (Rhodesia) (en)
  • (R H O D E S I A) (Zambia) (Botswana) (South Africa) (Mozambique) (en)
dbp:site
  • Just west of Karoi, Rhodesia (en)
dbp:survivors
  • 8 (xsd:integer)
dbp:tailNumber
  • VP-WAS (en)
dbp:type
  • Civilian airliner shootdown (en)
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  • 220 (xsd:integer)
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  • Am 3. September 1978 wurde eine Vickers Viscount auf dem Air-Rhodesia-Flug 825 von einer Boden-Luft-Rakete getroffen und verunglückte bei der folgenden Außenlandung. (de)
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 was een vaste lijndienst in de burgerluchtvaart en vloog vanaf de Zimbabwaanse Harare (destijds bekend onder de naam Salisbury, de hoofdstad van Zuid-Rhodesië) via naar de Victoriawatervallen. Het vliegtuig werd neergehaald door het (ZIPRA) op 3 september 1978 tijdens de Zimbabwaanse Onafhankelijkheidsoorlog. Van de 52 passagiers en 4 bemanningsleden overleden er 38 direct na het neerstorten. Tien anderen werden kort daarna gedood door rebellen die ter plaatse poolshoogte namen. (nl)
  • Let Air Rhodesia 825 byl pravidelný let společnosti spojující Viktoriiny vodopády a Harare s mezipřistáním v Karibě. Dne 3. září 1978, během občanské války v Rhodésii, byl letoun Vickers Viscount 782D, který jej obsluhoval, sestřelen povstalci ze (ZIPRA). (cs)
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 was a scheduled passenger flight that was shot down by the Zimbabwe People's Revolutionary Army (ZIPRA) on 3 September 1978, during the Rhodesian Bush War. The aircraft involved, a Vickers Viscount named the Hunyani, was flying the last leg of Air Rhodesia's regular scheduled service from Victoria Falls to the capital Salisbury, via the resort town of Kariba. (en)
  • 羅德西亞航空825號班機是一班在1978年9月3日的羅德西亞叢林戰爭中;被(ZIPRA)擊落的航班。該被擊落的航班由一架名為「胡尼亞尼號」的維克斯子爵飛行,當時正飛行經卡里巴至首都索爾茲伯里航線的最後一段,為的定期航班。 825號班機起飛後不久,一班ZIPRA的游擊隊向飛機發射了一枝蘇制箭-2型地對空紅外線導彈;直接擊中機身的右邊機翼,令機體嚴重受損後被迫。飛機嘗試於卡里巴以西的一片棉田進行機腹着陸;但因撞上一道不可見的溝而失敗,機體其後側翻並解體。機上52名乘客和4名機組人員中,38人死於空難中;其後叛軍進入殘骸中,圍捕10個他們見到的生還者並用自動步槍把他們射殺。三名乘客因藏身於周圍的灌木叢中而生還;另外有五人於叛軍到達前離開殘骸尋找水源而避過一劫。 ZIPRA的領導人在同日晚間於英國廣播公司電視台中為擊落「胡尼亞尼號」一事公開承認責任,並指該航班被用作軍事用途,但否認他的手下於地面射殺生還者。當時羅德西亞的民眾,包括白人和黑人均認為此舉動為恐怖主義的行為。 是次事件令羅德西亞的白人社會對察覺到的敵人有激烈的反彈,即使只有少數羅德西亞黑人支持此類攻擊,大多數的白人都因此而對黑人抱有強烈的憤懣和疑心。 一些國際期刊如「時代雜誌」均對事件作出負面的報告,但因羅德西亞政府的憤慨,海外政府對事件幾乎不為所知。 (zh)
rdfs:label
  • Air Rhodesia Flight 825 (en)
  • Let Air Rhodesia 825 (cs)
  • Air-Rhodesia-Flug 825 (de)
  • Volo Air Rhodesia 825 (it)
  • Air Rhodesia-vlucht 825 (nl)
  • 羅德西亞航空825號班機空難 (zh)
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