About: Afghan

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Afghan (Pashto/Persian: افغان) refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. The pre-nation state, historical ethnonym Afghan was used to refer to a member of the Pashtuns. In the past some scholars sought a connection with “horse,” Av.aspa-, i.e.the Aśvaka or Aśvakayana however according to linguists, it would be extremely difficult to reconcile these names(Aśvaka or Aśvakayana) with the word Afghan.

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  • Afghan (Pashto/Persian: افغان) refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. The pre-nation state, historical ethnonym Afghan was used to refer to a member of the Pashtuns. The earliest mention of the name Afghan (Abgân) is by Shapur I of the Sassanid Empire during the 3rd century CE, In the 4th century the word "Afghans/Afghana" (αβγανανο) as reference to a particular people is mentioned in the Bactrian documents found in Northern Afghanistan. The word 'Afghan' is of Persian origin to refer to the Pashtun People, according so some scholars, the Bactrian formation Abgân become Persian afġān. In the past some scholars sought a connection with “horse,” Av.aspa-, i.e.the Aśvaka or Aśvakayana however according to linguists, it would be extremely difficult to reconcile these names(Aśvaka or Aśvakayana) with the word Afghan. As an adjective, the word Afghan also means "of or relating to Afghanistan or its people, language or culture". According to the 1964 Constitution of Afghanistan, all Afghans citizens are equal in rights and obligations before the law. The fourth article of the current Constitution of Afghanistan states that citizens of Afghanistan consist of Pashtun, Tajik, Hazara, Uzbek, Turkmen, Baloch, Pashayi, Nuristani, Aimaq, Arab, Kyrgyz, Qizilbash, Gurjar, Brahui, and members of other ethnicities. There are political disputes regarding this: there are members of the non-Pashtun ethnicities of Afghanistan that reject the term Afghan being applied to them, and there are Pashtuns in Pakistan that wish to have the term Afghan applied to them. (en)
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  • Afghan (Pashto/Persian: افغان) refers to someone or something from Afghanistan, in particular a citizen of that country. The pre-nation state, historical ethnonym Afghan was used to refer to a member of the Pashtuns. In the past some scholars sought a connection with “horse,” Av.aspa-, i.e.the Aśvaka or Aśvakayana however according to linguists, it would be extremely difficult to reconcile these names(Aśvaka or Aśvakayana) with the word Afghan. (en)
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  • Afghan (en)
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