About: Adolphe Niel

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Adolphe Niel (4 October 1802 – 13 August 1869) was a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France. He was born at Muret, Haute-Garonne and entered the École Polytechnique in 1821. Niel entered the engineer school at Metz, became lieutenant in the Engineers Corps in 1827, and captain in 1833. At the storming of Constantine, Algeria, Niel led the engineer detachment with one of the storming parties, and his conduct gained for him the rank of chef de bataillon in 1837. Niel was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1840 and to colonel in 1846. His next war service was as Chief of Staff to General Vaillant during the 1849 siege of Rome, after which he was made general of brigade and director of engineer services at headquarters.

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  • Adolphe Niel (4 October 1802 – 13 August 1869) was a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France. He was born at Muret, Haute-Garonne and entered the École Polytechnique in 1821. Niel entered the engineer school at Metz, became lieutenant in the Engineers Corps in 1827, and captain in 1833. At the storming of Constantine, Algeria, Niel led the engineer detachment with one of the storming parties, and his conduct gained for him the rank of chef de bataillon in 1837. Niel was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1840 and to colonel in 1846. His next war service was as Chief of Staff to General Vaillant during the 1849 siege of Rome, after which he was made general of brigade and director of engineer services at headquarters. In 1851, Niel became a member of the Committee of Fortifications. He became a member of the council of state in 1852 and in 1853 was promoted to general of the division. In the first part of the Crimean War, Niel was employed in the expedition to the Baltic Sea and directed engineering operations against Bomarsund. Early in 1855 Niel was sent to the Crimea, where he succeeded General Bizot as chief of engineers. For some years Niel had been the most trusted military adviser of Napoleon III, and he was now empowered to advise the generals on the spot in accordance with the wishes of the sovereign and the home government. Niel managed to carry out this delicate and difficult task with as much success as could be expected, and he directed siege operations at the Battle of Malakoff. His reward was the grand cross of the Légion d'honneur. From 1855 to 1859 Niel was employed at headquarters and also served in the French Senate. In the war against the Austrians, Niel commanded the and took part in the Battle of Magenta and the Battle of Solferino. Niel was made a marshal of France on the field at Solferino. After he served for some years in a home command, Niel became minister of war and held the position from 1867 to 1869. In this capacity he drafted and began to carry out a far-reaching scheme of army reform, based on universal service and the automatic creation of large reserves which needed only time to mature. Under his system, those men who had purchased exemption from conscription into the army would nonetheless be called up into a new service, the Garde Mobile. He also was able to rearm the whole of the army with the chassepot rifle, but not the Garde Mobile. He did not live to complete the development of his system. Niel died in Paris during an operation for a bladder stone, and a year later the Franco-Prussian War destroyed the old imperial army upon which the new formations were to have been grafted. (en)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 de octubre de 1802 - París, 13 de agosto de 1869) fue un militar y político francés, Mariscal de Francia y ministro de la Guerra, fue el creador del cuerpo de la . Tras servir en África del Norte, dirigió algunas de las operaciones militares de la Guerra de Crimea, como el sitio de Sebastopol de 1855, y más tarde, de la Batalla de Solferino en 1859. En ese año, fue nombrado Mariscal de Francia por Napoleón III y en 1867, designado al frente del Ministerio de la Guerra, en cuyo cargo procedió a la modernización del equipamiento, dotando a la infantería del fusil Chassepot y creando la unidad de la . Fue también senador imperial y presidente del Consejo General del departamento de Alto Garona. (es)
  • Adolphe Niel (* 4. Oktober 1802 in Muret, Haute-Garonne; † 14. August 1869 in Paris) war Marschall von Frankreich und Kriegsminister. (de)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 ottobre 1802 – Parigi, 13 agosto 1869) è stato un generale francese, Maresciallo di Francia dal 1859. (it)
  • 아돌프 니엘(프랑스어: Adolphe Niel, 1802년 10월 4일 ~ 1869년 8월 13일)은 프랑스의 군인이다. (ko)
  • Adolphe Niel (ur. 4 października 1802 w Muret, Haute-Garonne, zm. 14 sierpnia 1869 w Paryżu) – francuski wojskowy i polityk, marszałek Francji. W latach 1821–1827 kształcił się na École polytechnique w Paryżu. Od 20 stycznia 1867 do 13 sierpnia 1869 piastował urząd ministra wojny Francji. (pl)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 oktober 1802 - Parijs, 13 augustus 1869) was een Franse maarschalk en politicus ten tijde van het Tweede Franse Keizerrijk. Hij was een naaste van keizer Napoleon III. (nl)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 de outubro de 1802 — Paris, 13 de agosto de 1869) foi um general e estadista francês, também Marechal da França. (pt)
  • Адольф Ньель (фр. Adolphe Niel; 4 октября 1802 — 13 августа 1869) — французский государственный и военный деятель, пожизненный сенатор (9 июня 1859 года), маршал Франции (25 июня 1859 года). (ru)
  • Adolphe Niel, född den 4 oktober 1802 i Muret, död den 13 augusti 1869 i Paris, var en fransk militär, till sist marskalk av Frankrike. (sv)
  • 阿道夫·尼埃尔(法語:Adolphe Niel,1802年10月4日-1869年8月13日) 法国陆军将领和政治人物。法国元帅。 他出生在法国上加龙省米雷,在1821年进入巴黎综合理工学院。1827年进入梅斯工程师学校,成为工程师兵团中尉,1833年晋升上尉。參加征服阿尔及利亚殖民戰爭,1837年在攻占君士坦丁的战斗中以功勋获得营长(chef de bataillon)。在1840年和1846年被提升为陆军中校和上校。1849年参加罗马的围攻,之后他被晋升为准将,在总部任工程师主管。 1852年尼埃尔当选国务委员会成员,1853年被提拔为少将(general of the division)。克里米亚战争中,参加波罗的海远征军,主管攻击(Bomarsund)要塞的工程。中获得大十字荣誉军团骑士勋章,1855年到1859年任法国参议院议员, 与奥地利战争中,尼埃尔指挥第四军团在马真塔之戰和索爾費裏諾之戰中英勇頑強,指揮出色,成为拿破仑三世最信任的军事顾问,在索尔费里诺战场上被授予法国元帅。 1867年到1869年尼埃尔担任战争大臣,他起草和开始执行一项影响深远的计划,进行陆军改革。1869年尼尔在巴黎去世,一年后普法战争摧毁了旧帝国军队。 (zh)
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  • Adolphe Niel (* 4. Oktober 1802 in Muret, Haute-Garonne; † 14. August 1869 in Paris) war Marschall von Frankreich und Kriegsminister. (de)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 ottobre 1802 – Parigi, 13 agosto 1869) è stato un generale francese, Maresciallo di Francia dal 1859. (it)
  • 아돌프 니엘(프랑스어: Adolphe Niel, 1802년 10월 4일 ~ 1869년 8월 13일)은 프랑스의 군인이다. (ko)
  • Adolphe Niel (ur. 4 października 1802 w Muret, Haute-Garonne, zm. 14 sierpnia 1869 w Paryżu) – francuski wojskowy i polityk, marszałek Francji. W latach 1821–1827 kształcił się na École polytechnique w Paryżu. Od 20 stycznia 1867 do 13 sierpnia 1869 piastował urząd ministra wojny Francji. (pl)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 oktober 1802 - Parijs, 13 augustus 1869) was een Franse maarschalk en politicus ten tijde van het Tweede Franse Keizerrijk. Hij was een naaste van keizer Napoleon III. (nl)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 de outubro de 1802 — Paris, 13 de agosto de 1869) foi um general e estadista francês, também Marechal da França. (pt)
  • Адольф Ньель (фр. Adolphe Niel; 4 октября 1802 — 13 августа 1869) — французский государственный и военный деятель, пожизненный сенатор (9 июня 1859 года), маршал Франции (25 июня 1859 года). (ru)
  • Adolphe Niel, född den 4 oktober 1802 i Muret, död den 13 augusti 1869 i Paris, var en fransk militär, till sist marskalk av Frankrike. (sv)
  • 阿道夫·尼埃尔(法語:Adolphe Niel,1802年10月4日-1869年8月13日) 法国陆军将领和政治人物。法国元帅。 他出生在法国上加龙省米雷,在1821年进入巴黎综合理工学院。1827年进入梅斯工程师学校,成为工程师兵团中尉,1833年晋升上尉。參加征服阿尔及利亚殖民戰爭,1837年在攻占君士坦丁的战斗中以功勋获得营长(chef de bataillon)。在1840年和1846年被提升为陆军中校和上校。1849年参加罗马的围攻,之后他被晋升为准将,在总部任工程师主管。 1852年尼埃尔当选国务委员会成员,1853年被提拔为少将(general of the division)。克里米亚战争中,参加波罗的海远征军,主管攻击(Bomarsund)要塞的工程。中获得大十字荣誉军团骑士勋章,1855年到1859年任法国参议院议员, 与奥地利战争中,尼埃尔指挥第四军团在马真塔之戰和索爾費裏諾之戰中英勇頑強,指揮出色,成为拿破仑三世最信任的军事顾问,在索尔费里诺战场上被授予法国元帅。 1867年到1869年尼埃尔担任战争大臣,他起草和开始执行一项影响深远的计划,进行陆军改革。1869年尼尔在巴黎去世,一年后普法战争摧毁了旧帝国军队。 (zh)
  • Adolphe Niel (4 October 1802 – 13 August 1869) was a French Army general and statesman, also Marshal of France. He was born at Muret, Haute-Garonne and entered the École Polytechnique in 1821. Niel entered the engineer school at Metz, became lieutenant in the Engineers Corps in 1827, and captain in 1833. At the storming of Constantine, Algeria, Niel led the engineer detachment with one of the storming parties, and his conduct gained for him the rank of chef de bataillon in 1837. Niel was promoted to lieutenant colonel in 1840 and to colonel in 1846. His next war service was as Chief of Staff to General Vaillant during the 1849 siege of Rome, after which he was made general of brigade and director of engineer services at headquarters. (en)
  • Adolphe Niel (Muret, 4 de octubre de 1802 - París, 13 de agosto de 1869) fue un militar y político francés, Mariscal de Francia y ministro de la Guerra, fue el creador del cuerpo de la . Tras servir en África del Norte, dirigió algunas de las operaciones militares de la Guerra de Crimea, como el sitio de Sebastopol de 1855, y más tarde, de la Batalla de Solferino en 1859. En ese año, fue nombrado Mariscal de Francia por Napoleón III y en 1867, designado al frente del Ministerio de la Guerra, en cuyo cargo procedió a la modernización del equipamiento, dotando a la infantería del fusil Chassepot y creando la unidad de la . (es)
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  • Adolphe Niel (en)
  • Adolphe Niel (de)
  • Adolphe Niel (es)
  • Adolphe Niel (fr)
  • Adolphe Niel (it)
  • 아돌프 니엘 (ko)
  • Adolphe Niel (nl)
  • Adolphe Niel (pl)
  • Adolphe Niel (pt)
  • Ньель, Адольф (ru)
  • Adolphe Niel (sv)
  • 阿道夫·尼埃尔 (zh)
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