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The actuality film is a non-fiction film genre that, like the documentary film, uses footage of real events, places, and things, yet unlike the documentary is not structured into a larger argument, picture of the phenomenon or coherent whole. In practice, actuality films preceded the emergence of the documentary. During the era of early cinema, actualities—usually lasting no more than a minute or two and usually assembled together into a program by an exhibitor—were just as popular and prominent as their fictional counterparts. The line between "fact" and "fiction" was not so sharply drawn in early cinema as it would become after the documentary came to serve as the predominant non-fiction filmmaking form. An actuality film is not like a newspaper article so much as it is like the still ph

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  • Der Aktualitätenfilm ist ein dokumentarisches Format der frühen Kinematographie. Es besaß strukturelle Ähnlichkeiten mit einer Reportage und beinhaltete ausschließlich nonfiktionale Szenen. In der Regel wurde auf publikumswirksame Ereignisse aus Politik, Sport, Kultur und Technik Bezug genommen, wobei sich die Aktualitätenfilme an den Ressorts der Tageszeitungen orientierten. Der Mehrwert des Films gegenüber dem Zeitungsbericht bestand im unmittelbaren Erlebnis. Die ersten Filmgesellschaften produzierten eine große Zahl an Aktualitäten. Die einaktigen Filme wurden in gemischten Programmen im Wechsel mit Landschaftsbildern, kurzen Komödien oder dramatischen Filmen gezeigt. Sie gelten als Vorläufer der seit den 1910er Jahren, vor allem mit Beginn des Ersten Weltkriegs, verbreiteten Wochenschau. Beispiele für Aktualitätenfilme sind Arrivée des Congressistes (Louis Lumière, Frankreich 1895), Cortège historique (M. Tollini, M. Pagani, Schweiz 1910) sowie The Funeral of Vera Kholodnaia (Russland 1919). (de)
  • The actuality film is a non-fiction film genre that, like the documentary film, uses footage of real events, places, and things, yet unlike the documentary is not structured into a larger argument, picture of the phenomenon or coherent whole. In practice, actuality films preceded the emergence of the documentary. During the era of early cinema, actualities—usually lasting no more than a minute or two and usually assembled together into a program by an exhibitor—were just as popular and prominent as their fictional counterparts. The line between "fact" and "fiction" was not so sharply drawn in early cinema as it would become after the documentary came to serve as the predominant non-fiction filmmaking form. An actuality film is not like a newspaper article so much as it is like the still photograph that is published along with the article, with the major difference being that it moves. Apart from the traveling actuality genre, actuality is one film genre that remains strongly related to still photography. Despite the demise of the actuality as a film genre around 1908, one still refers to "actuality footage" as a building block of documentary filmmaking. In such usage, actuality refers to the raw footage that the documentarist edits and manipulates to create the film. (en)
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  • Der Aktualitätenfilm ist ein dokumentarisches Format der frühen Kinematographie. Es besaß strukturelle Ähnlichkeiten mit einer Reportage und beinhaltete ausschließlich nonfiktionale Szenen. In der Regel wurde auf publikumswirksame Ereignisse aus Politik, Sport, Kultur und Technik Bezug genommen, wobei sich die Aktualitätenfilme an den Ressorts der Tageszeitungen orientierten. Der Mehrwert des Films gegenüber dem Zeitungsbericht bestand im unmittelbaren Erlebnis. (de)
  • The actuality film is a non-fiction film genre that, like the documentary film, uses footage of real events, places, and things, yet unlike the documentary is not structured into a larger argument, picture of the phenomenon or coherent whole. In practice, actuality films preceded the emergence of the documentary. During the era of early cinema, actualities—usually lasting no more than a minute or two and usually assembled together into a program by an exhibitor—were just as popular and prominent as their fictional counterparts. The line between "fact" and "fiction" was not so sharply drawn in early cinema as it would become after the documentary came to serve as the predominant non-fiction filmmaking form. An actuality film is not like a newspaper article so much as it is like the still ph (en)
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  • Aktualitätenfilm (de)
  • Actuality film (en)
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