Abū Bakr Muḥammad ibn Yaḥyā ibn al-‘Abbās al-Ṣūlī (أبو بكر محمد بن يحيى بن العباس الصولي) , (b. ca. 870 Gorgan – d. 941 to 948 Basra) was a Persian scholar and a court companion of three Abbāsid caliphs: al-Muktafī, his successor al-Muqtadir, and later, al-Rāḍī, whom he also tutored. He was a bibliophile, a brilliant man of letters, editor-poet, chronicler, and chess champion of proverbial talent. His coeval biographer Isḥāq al-Nadīm tells us he was “of manly bearing.” He wrote many books the most famous of which are Kitāb Al-Awrāq and Kitāb al- Shiṭranj. He is remembered today as a legendary player of shatranj, a game ancestral to chess.
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