Absurdist Fiction is a genre of literature that arose in the 1950s and 1960s predominantly in France and Germany, prompted by post-war disillusionment. The background of Absurdist Fiction is founded on influences from the surge in Romanticism in Paris in the 1830s, the collapse of religious tradition in Germany and the societal and philosophical revolution lead by the expressions of Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche Absurdist fiction takes form most commonly in a novel, play, poem, or film, that focuses on the experiences of characters in situations where they cannot find any inherent purpose in life, most often represented by ultimately meaningless actions and events that call into question the certainty of existential concepts such as truth or value. Common elements in absurdist

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  • Absurdist Fiction is a genre of literature that arose in the 1950s and 1960s predominantly in France and Germany, prompted by post-war disillusionment. The background of Absurdist Fiction is founded on influences from the surge in Romanticism in Paris in the 1830s, the collapse of religious tradition in Germany and the societal and philosophical revolution lead by the expressions of Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche Absurdist fiction takes form most commonly in a novel, play, poem, or film, that focuses on the experiences of characters in situations where they cannot find any inherent purpose in life, most often represented by ultimately meaningless actions and events that call into question the certainty of existential concepts such as truth or value. Common elements in absurdist fiction include satire, dark humor, incongruity, the abasement of reason, and controversy regarding the philosophical condition of being "nothing." Absurdist fiction in play form is known as Absurdist Theatre. Both genres are characterised by a focus on the experience of the characters, centred on the idea that life is incongruous, irreconcilable and meaningless The integral characteristic of Absurdist fiction involves the experience of the struggle to find an intrinsic purpose in life, depicted by characters in their display of meaningless actions in the futile events they take part in. The Absurdist movement is known to be an extension of the Existentialism movement that focuses on the pointlessness of mankind and specifically, the emotional angst and anxiety present when the existence of purpose is challenged Existentialist and Agnostic perspectives are explored in Absurdist novels and theatre in their expression of plot and characters. Absurdist Fiction is central to the work of Franz Kafka, Albert Camus, Samuel Beckett, and Eugène Ionesco. (en)
  • Fiksi absurd adalah sebuah genre narasi fiksi (narasi sastra), dalam bentuk novel, naskah drama, puisi, atau film, yang berfokus pada pengalaman karakter yang gagal menemukan kegunaan hidup yang inheren, seringkali direpresentasikan dengan berbagai aksi dan peristiwa yang pada akhirnya tidak bermakna, yang mempertanyakan keyakinan terhadap konsep-konsep eksistensial tertentu seperti kebenaran atau nilai. Elemen-elemen yang sering ditemukan pada fiksi absurd termasuk satire, humor gelap, inkongruensi, abandonmen akal budi, dan kontroversi mengenai kondisi filosofis seseorang menjadi "ketiadaan". Karya-karya fiksi absurdis sering menjelajahi topik-topik agnostik atau nihilistik. Meskipun banyak fiksi absurdis yang tampak humoris atau irasional, namun kunci dari aliran ini bukanlah komedi maupun nonsens, melainkan pembelajaran mengenai kelakuan manusia di situasi-situasi (baik realistik maupun fantastik) yang tampak tanpa guna dan absurd. Fiksi absurd jarang memberikan penilaian mengenai karakter atau aksi-aksi karakter, karena tugas ini ditinggalkan pada sang pembaca. Amanat ceritanya juga sering kali tidak disampaikan secara eksplisit, dan tema atau realisasi para karakter, jika ada, biasanya bersifat ambigu. Lebih lanjut, tidak seperti bentuk fiksi lainnya, karya-karya absurdis jarang yang memiliki struktur plot tradisional (mis. aksi, klimaks, aksi turun). Aliran absurdis lahir dari aliran sastra modernis di akhir abad ke-19 dan awal abad ke-20, melawan sastra Victorian yang populer di zaman sebelumnya. Aliran ini sangat dipengaruhi oleh gerakan eksistensialis dan nihilis dalam filsafat, dan gerakan Dada dan surealis dalam kesenian. Para psikolog di Universitas California, Santa Barbara, dan Universitas British Columbia mempublikasikan sebuah laporan pada tahun 2009 yang menyatakan bahwa membaca cerita-cerita absurdis meningkatkan kemampuan orang untuk menemukan pola. Mereka berkesimpulan bahwa ketika orang diminta mencari konsistensi dan makna di dalam cerita yang terpecah, hal ini meningkatkan "mekanisme kognitif yang bertanggungjawab mempelajari regularitas statistik.” Penulis fiksi absurd yang terkenal termasuk Samuel Beckett (misalnya dalam karyanya ), Albert Camus, Nikolai Gogol, Franz Kafka (Metamorfosis, , ), serta Jean-Paul Sartre. Karya-karya absurdis misalnya Catch-22 oleh ; V. karya Thomas Pynchon; naskah drama karya Eugène Ionesco, seperti The Bald Soprano dan The Lesson; serta beberapa naskah awal Harold Pinter, Edward Albee, dan Tom Stoppard (seperti Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead); serta 's "The Lying Student." (in)
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  • Absurdist Fiction is a genre of literature that arose in the 1950s and 1960s predominantly in France and Germany, prompted by post-war disillusionment. The background of Absurdist Fiction is founded on influences from the surge in Romanticism in Paris in the 1830s, the collapse of religious tradition in Germany and the societal and philosophical revolution lead by the expressions of Søren Kierkegaard and Friedrich Nietzsche Absurdist fiction takes form most commonly in a novel, play, poem, or film, that focuses on the experiences of characters in situations where they cannot find any inherent purpose in life, most often represented by ultimately meaningless actions and events that call into question the certainty of existential concepts such as truth or value. Common elements in absurdist (en)
  • Fiksi absurd adalah sebuah genre narasi fiksi (narasi sastra), dalam bentuk novel, naskah drama, puisi, atau film, yang berfokus pada pengalaman karakter yang gagal menemukan kegunaan hidup yang inheren, seringkali direpresentasikan dengan berbagai aksi dan peristiwa yang pada akhirnya tidak bermakna, yang mempertanyakan keyakinan terhadap konsep-konsep eksistensial tertentu seperti kebenaran atau nilai. Elemen-elemen yang sering ditemukan pada fiksi absurd termasuk satire, humor gelap, inkongruensi, abandonmen akal budi, dan kontroversi mengenai kondisi filosofis seseorang menjadi "ketiadaan". Karya-karya fiksi absurdis sering menjelajahi topik-topik agnostik atau nihilistik. (in)
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  • Absurdist fiction (en)
  • Fiksi absurd (in)
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