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The 61st Regiment Farm fire (Chinese: 61团场火灾) was a fire occurred at the Chinese New Year at 20:15 local time, 18 February 1977 in a hall showing a communist war movie in Xinjiang, China. The regiment farm was a military-agricultural colony run by the Xinjiang 61st regiment, hence, most deaths were the children of the troops. Among the 1,600 schoolchildren in the farm, 597 were dead. In total 694 died and 161 became disabled, making it the deadliest fire in the People's Republic of China. The fire started when a pile of wreaths for the late Mao Zedong, undisposed for 5 months since his funeral, were set off by a child celebrating the 1977 Chinese New Year. Nobody disposed the wreaths for fear of being accused of disrespectful to the paramount leader and then being thrown to denunciation ra

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dbo:abstract
  • The 61st Regiment Farm fire (Chinese: 61团场火灾) was a fire occurred at the Chinese New Year at 20:15 local time, 18 February 1977 in a hall showing a communist war movie in Xinjiang, China. The regiment farm was a military-agricultural colony run by the Xinjiang 61st regiment, hence, most deaths were the children of the troops. Among the 1,600 schoolchildren in the farm, 597 were dead. In total 694 died and 161 became disabled, making it the deadliest fire in the People's Republic of China. The fire started when a pile of wreaths for the late Mao Zedong, undisposed for 5 months since his funeral, were set off by a child celebrating the 1977 Chinese New Year. Nobody disposed the wreaths for fear of being accused of disrespectful to the paramount leader and then being thrown to denunciation rallies. (en)
  • 伊犁六十一团场火灾發生於1977年2月18日(春節正月初一),694人死、161人烧残,其中500餘人是學生。火災是由於兵團不敢處置追悼毛澤東的花圈,拖延五個月,至春節被小孩放爆竹點燃。 1976年9月9日毛泽东逝世,新疆軍区生产建设兵团的六十一团在禮堂追悼,並動員军民扎制花圈向毛澤東表忠。按中國喪葬禮儀,追悼後花圈要么烧掉,要么移至墓地。然而,团场政治部恐懼燒花圈會被扣帽子「對毛澤東不忠」,請示伊犁地委後,於禮堂集中保管花圈。1977年是文革十年以來第一個正常的春節,氣氛熱烈,因為文革破四舊運動提出「革命化春节」,春节不准回家、不准敬祖宗、不准说“恭喜发财”而要说“祝您今年见到毛主席”,還不准放鞭炮。1977年春节正月初一,团场在禮堂放朝鮮電影《》,約23时15分放到中国兵和朝鲜兵拥抱的電影尾聲時,一個12歲男童悶極無聊,在禮堂放鞭炮慶祝過年,点燃了製的毛泽东花圈。死者眾多,主因是1975年兵团61团场的上级來召开“学理论、抓路线、促春讲现场会”,团场党委重修礼堂,4道大門堵死了3個、原有17塊落地大玻璃被砌了磚,令逃生出口僅餘一個。火災後中華人民共和國封鎖國內消息,对外宣称是“苏修搞破坏,阶级敌人放的火”。歷次新疆火災以此死亡最多。 (zh)
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dbp:author
  • Chen Fuyuan, deputy regiment leader at the scene (en)
dbp:cause
  • firecracker (en)
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  • 1977-02-18 (xsd:date)
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  • zh (en)
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  • Alimali, now a suburb of Khorgas (en)
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  • 161 (xsd:integer)
dbp:text
  • When the soldiers arrived, the spectators cleared out a path, but we still couldn't get in. Near the door, the corpses stacked up to a metre high. The majority of them were burnt like cinder, and some of them stuck together like asphalt. The air was filled with a retch-inducing smell, that you couldn't get near without wearing a mask. We held the crowbar and pickaxe, standing near the door and not knowing how to process this, and we didn't want to touch it. However, our job was to clear out the scene, so everybody had to do something. (en)
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  • 伊犁六十一团场火灾發生於1977年2月18日(春節正月初一),694人死、161人烧残,其中500餘人是學生。火災是由於兵團不敢處置追悼毛澤東的花圈,拖延五個月,至春節被小孩放爆竹點燃。 1976年9月9日毛泽东逝世,新疆軍区生产建设兵团的六十一团在禮堂追悼,並動員军民扎制花圈向毛澤東表忠。按中國喪葬禮儀,追悼後花圈要么烧掉,要么移至墓地。然而,团场政治部恐懼燒花圈會被扣帽子「對毛澤東不忠」,請示伊犁地委後,於禮堂集中保管花圈。1977年是文革十年以來第一個正常的春節,氣氛熱烈,因為文革破四舊運動提出「革命化春节」,春节不准回家、不准敬祖宗、不准说“恭喜发财”而要说“祝您今年见到毛主席”,還不准放鞭炮。1977年春节正月初一,团场在禮堂放朝鮮電影《》,約23时15分放到中国兵和朝鲜兵拥抱的電影尾聲時,一個12歲男童悶極無聊,在禮堂放鞭炮慶祝過年,点燃了製的毛泽东花圈。死者眾多,主因是1975年兵团61团场的上级來召开“学理论、抓路线、促春讲现场会”,团场党委重修礼堂,4道大門堵死了3個、原有17塊落地大玻璃被砌了磚,令逃生出口僅餘一個。火災後中華人民共和國封鎖國內消息,对外宣称是“苏修搞破坏,阶级敌人放的火”。歷次新疆火災以此死亡最多。 (zh)
  • The 61st Regiment Farm fire (Chinese: 61团场火灾) was a fire occurred at the Chinese New Year at 20:15 local time, 18 February 1977 in a hall showing a communist war movie in Xinjiang, China. The regiment farm was a military-agricultural colony run by the Xinjiang 61st regiment, hence, most deaths were the children of the troops. Among the 1,600 schoolchildren in the farm, 597 were dead. In total 694 died and 161 became disabled, making it the deadliest fire in the People's Republic of China. The fire started when a pile of wreaths for the late Mao Zedong, undisposed for 5 months since his funeral, were set off by a child celebrating the 1977 Chinese New Year. Nobody disposed the wreaths for fear of being accused of disrespectful to the paramount leader and then being thrown to denunciation ra (en)
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  • 61st Regiment Farm fire (en)
  • 伊犁农垦局六十一团场礼堂火灾 (zh)
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