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Zhang Xuecheng (Chinese: 章學誠; Wade–Giles: Chang Hsüeh-ch'eng; 1738–1801) was a Qing dynasty historian, writer and philosopher. His father and his grandfather had been government officials, but, although Zhang achieved the highest civil service examination degree in 1778, he never held high office. Zhang's ideas about the historical process were revolutionary in many ways and he became one of the most enlightened historical theorists of the Qing dynasty, but he spent much of his life in near poverty without the support of a patron and, in 1801, he died, poor and with few friends. It was not until the late 19th century that Chinese scholars began to accept the validity of Zhang's ideas.

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rdf:type
rdfs:label
  • Zhang Xuecheng
  • Zhang Xuecheng
  • 章学誠
  • 장학성
  • Чжан Сюэчэн
  • Чжан Сюечен
  • 章學誠
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  • Zhang Xuecheng (en chinois simplifié : 张学诚 ; chinois traditionnel : 張學誠 ; pinyin : zhāng xuéchéng ; Wade : Chang Hsueh-ch'eng, né en 1738, mort en 1801) est un historien, écrivain et philosophe de la dynastie Qing.
  • 章 学誠(しょう がくせい、1738年(乾隆3年) - 1801年(嘉慶6年))は、中国清代の史学者。字は実斎。号は少巌。もとの名は文酕。本貫は会稽郡上虞県偁山。父は応城県の知県の章鑣。
  • Джан Сюечен (кит. трад. 章學誠, спр. 章学诚, піньїнь: Zhang Xuecheng, акад.: Чжан Сюечен; 1738–1801) — китайський історик, письменник і філософ династії Цін.
  • 章學誠(1738年-1801年),清代史學家、思想家。字實齋,號少巖,浙江會稽(今浙江紹興)人。
  • Zhang Xuecheng (Chinese: 章學誠; Wade–Giles: Chang Hsüeh-ch'eng; 1738–1801) was a Qing dynasty historian, writer and philosopher. His father and his grandfather had been government officials, but, although Zhang achieved the highest civil service examination degree in 1778, he never held high office. Zhang's ideas about the historical process were revolutionary in many ways and he became one of the most enlightened historical theorists of the Qing dynasty, but he spent much of his life in near poverty without the support of a patron and, in 1801, he died, poor and with few friends. It was not until the late 19th century that Chinese scholars began to accept the validity of Zhang's ideas.
  • Чжан Сюэчэн (кит. трад. 章學誠, упр. 章学诚, пиньинь Zhāng Xuéchéng, 1738—1801) — китайский философ и историк эпохи Цин, крупнейший представитель . В 1778 году удостоился высшей учёной степени цзиньши, преподавал в частных конфуцианских академиях. Служил секретарём высокопоставленного чиновника и учёного , работал в комиссии по составлению продолжения свода «Цзы чжи тун цзянь», но так и не сумел сделать официальной карьеры. Будучи конфуцианцем-рационалистом, он рассматривал канон как исторический источник, поэтому отвергал неоконфуцианскую метафизику и настаивал на внимании к вопросам современности. Его философские взгляды были близки янминизму, но без акцента на религиозные вопросы. Также он считал изменения в политической и административной системе закономерными и необходимыми в силу изменения
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