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The Synod of Worms was an ecclesiastical synod and imperial diet (Hoftag) convened by the German king and emperor-elect Henry IV on 24 January 1076, at Worms. It was intended to agree a condemnation of Pope Gregory VII, and Henry's success in achieving this outcome marked the beginning of the Investiture Controversy.

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  • Sínode de Worms
  • Hoftag zu Worms (1076)
  • Synod of Worms (1076)
  • Sinodo di Worms
  • Synode van Worms
  • Concílio de Worms
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  • Der Hoftag zu Worms am 24. Januar 1076 ist ein Ereignis des Investiturstreits zwischen dem deutschen König Heinrich IV. und dem römisch-katholischen Papst Gregor VII. und gilt als unmittelbarer Auslöser für die Verhängung des Kirchenbanns über den König wenige Wochen danach.
  • Il sinodo di Worms fu un sinodo ecclesiastico e una dieta imperiale (Hoftag) convocato dal re tedesco e imperatore dei Romani Enrico IV di Franconia il 24 gennaio 1076, a Worms. Con questo si intendeva concordare una condanna a papa Gregorio VII e il raggiungimento di tale risultato segnò l'inizio della cosiddetta lotta per le investiture.
  • The Synod of Worms was an ecclesiastical synod and imperial diet (Hoftag) convened by the German king and emperor-elect Henry IV on 24 January 1076, at Worms. It was intended to agree a condemnation of Pope Gregory VII, and Henry's success in achieving this outcome marked the beginning of the Investiture Controversy.
  • O Concílio de Worms, também chamado de Sínodo de Worms, foi um sínodo eclesiástico convocado pelo imperador do ocidente Henrique IV em janeiro de 1076 na cidade de Worms, na Alemanha. O objetivo era chegar num acordo sobre a condenação do papa Gregório VII e o sucesso de Henrique em conseguir atingi-lo marcou o início da controvérsia das investiduras.
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  • Der Hoftag zu Worms am 24. Januar 1076 ist ein Ereignis des Investiturstreits zwischen dem deutschen König Heinrich IV. und dem römisch-katholischen Papst Gregor VII. und gilt als unmittelbarer Auslöser für die Verhängung des Kirchenbanns über den König wenige Wochen danach.
  • The Synod of Worms was an ecclesiastical synod and imperial diet (Hoftag) convened by the German king and emperor-elect Henry IV on 24 January 1076, at Worms. It was intended to agree a condemnation of Pope Gregory VII, and Henry's success in achieving this outcome marked the beginning of the Investiture Controversy. In 1067 Archbishop Guido of Milan, facing the rising forces of the pataria reformers in the city, gave up his see. He recommended the subdeacon Gotofredo da Castiglione his successor, who, however, was excommunicated by Pope Alexander II. While Henry IV appointed Gotofredo in 1070, the patarines elected Atto archbishop. Three years later Pope Alexander II died and was succeeded by Hildebrand of Soana, who named himself Pope Gregory VII. An ardent proponent of the papal supremacy over Henry's emperorship, he promoted the Gregorian Reform as expressed in the Dictatus papae of March 1075, including the principle that the papal title is unique in the world and that it may even be permitted to him to depose emperors. Nevertheless, when the pataria leader Erlembald died in April 1075, all signals pointed to reconciliation. Not until Henry IV again interfered in the Milan struggles and appointed Tebald da Castiglione archbishop, as well as bishops of Spoleto and Fermo, both on papal territory, the conflict escalated. In December 1075, Pope Gregory sent a harsh letter to Henry, threatening him with excommunication. Under pressure, the Salian king allied with the German episcopacy, benefitting from their hostile stance on the Gregorian Reform and a centralisation of church authority. Of the 38 German bishops, 24 attended. Led by the primas Germaniae, Archbishop Siegfried of Mainz, Henry's supporters included Bishop Adalbero of Würzburg and Bishop William of Utrecht, as well as the Liège bishop Henri de Verdun. Cardinal Hugh of Remiremont, who had already cut ties with the Pope, spoke damningly against Gregory. On the other hand, Archbishop Gebhard of Salzburg, a supporter of Gregory like Bishop Altmann of Passau, stayed away. The assembly declared the Pope deposed and the bishops abandoned all obedience to him. Henry had a letter drawn up to Gregory, calling him 'Hildebrand the false monk' and demanding his resignation (descende, descende!). The demand was conveyed to Rome by the cleric Roland of Parma. Three weeks later, the Pope declared Henry deposed and excommunicated him. He released all his subjects from their oath of allegiance, which soon became a serious threat for Henry's authority. In October, the German princes gathered at Trebur and ultimately asked the king to reconcile with the Pope. In January 1077 Henry had to take the Road to Canossa, to salvage his kingship.
  • Il sinodo di Worms fu un sinodo ecclesiastico e una dieta imperiale (Hoftag) convocato dal re tedesco e imperatore dei Romani Enrico IV di Franconia il 24 gennaio 1076, a Worms. Con questo si intendeva concordare una condanna a papa Gregorio VII e il raggiungimento di tale risultato segnò l'inizio della cosiddetta lotta per le investiture.
  • O Concílio de Worms, também chamado de Sínodo de Worms, foi um sínodo eclesiástico convocado pelo imperador do ocidente Henrique IV em janeiro de 1076 na cidade de Worms, na Alemanha. O objetivo era chegar num acordo sobre a condenação do papa Gregório VII e o sucesso de Henrique em conseguir atingi-lo marcou o início da controvérsia das investiduras. Dos trinta e oito bispos alemães, vinte e quatro estiveram presentes. Os defensores de Henrique incluíam , , e . O cardeal , que tinha cortado relações com o papa, discursou contra Gregório no concílio, que foi considerado como "deposto". , um defensor de Gregório, não se manifestou.
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