About: Spanish ship Rayo (1749)     Goto   Sponge   NotDistinct   Permalink

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Rayo was an 80-gun ship of the line (navío) of the Spanish Navy. As was traditional for Spanish ships not named after a saint, its second, dedicatory name (avocacion) was San Pedro Apóstol. She underwent rebuilding at Cartagena from 1803 to 1805, emerging as a three-decked ship with 100 guns. She then fought at the Battle of Trafalgar during the Napoleonic Wars and was dismasted as a result of damage sustained in the battle.

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  • Rayo (1751)
  • Rayo (1751)
  • Spanish ship Rayo (1749)
  • Райо (линейный корабль)
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  • Le Rayo est un vaisseau de ligne de 80 puis 100 canons en service dans la marine espagnole de 1751 à 1805. Après avoir servi pendant la guerre de Sept Ans et la guerre d'indépendance des États-Unis, il est reconstruit à Cadix et est présent à la bataille de Trafalgar à la suite de laquelle il fait naufrage.
  • Rayo was an 80-gun ship of the line (navío) of the Spanish Navy. As was traditional for Spanish ships not named after a saint, its second, dedicatory name (avocacion) was San Pedro Apóstol. She underwent rebuilding at Cartagena from 1803 to 1805, emerging as a three-decked ship with 100 guns. She then fought at the Battle of Trafalgar during the Napoleonic Wars and was dismasted as a result of damage sustained in the battle.
  • Райо (исп. SCMB Rayo — «Луч») — испанский двухпалубный 80-пушечный линейный корабль 2-го ранга, построенный испанским кораблестроителем Педро Торресом по чертежам Хорхе Хуана. Традиционно для испанских кораблей, названных не в честь святого, корабль имел второе название — «Апостол Святой Пётр» (исп. San Pedro Apóstol). Заложен 28 июня 1749 года на верфи в Гаване, Куба, введён в строй 31 января 1751 года, однако не смог покинуть порт из-за отсутствия экипажа. Набор команды занял ещё год. «Райо» вышел из Гаваны в Кадис в сопровождении кораблей «Принцесса», «Инфанта» и «Галиcия», имея на борту минимальный экипаж в 453 человека, а также груз табака, сахара и древесины. Далее какое-то время Райо находился в Кадисе, где на корабле были заменены мачты.
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  • Rayo
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Ship ordered
Ship sail plan
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Ship builder
  • Royal Dockyard, La Habana
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Ship fate
  • --10-26
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Ship name
  • Rayo
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Ship armament
  • * As an 80-gun ship * 30 × 24-pounder guns * 32 × 18-pounder guns * 18 × 8-pounder guns * 2 × 3-pounder guns * As a 100-gun ship * 30 × 36-pounder guns * 32 × 18-pounder guns * 32 × 8-pounder guns * 6 × 18-pounder carronades
Ship commissioned
Ship complement
  • * 80 guns, 1752: 453 men * 100 guns, at Trafalgar: 812 men
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length (mm)
  • 55000.0
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  • Le Rayo est un vaisseau de ligne de 80 puis 100 canons en service dans la marine espagnole de 1751 à 1805. Après avoir servi pendant la guerre de Sept Ans et la guerre d'indépendance des États-Unis, il est reconstruit à Cadix et est présent à la bataille de Trafalgar à la suite de laquelle il fait naufrage.
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