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In a reloading scam, a victim is repeatedly approached by con artists, often until "sucked dry". This form of fraud is perpetrated on those more susceptible to pressure after the first losses, perhaps because of hopes to recover money previously invested, perhaps because of inability to say "no" to a con man. The term has been current at least since 1923, when it was used to describe a specific repetitive stock fraud: The term 'reloading' has since expanded to cover all repeated attempts to scam money from the same victim.

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  • Reloading scam
  • 二次勧誘
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  • 二次勧誘(にじかんゆう)とは、何らかの契約をした消費者に対して、顧客名簿等(通称「カモリスト」)を使って別の契約の締結を勧誘することをいう。 過去に入会していた通信教育、会員サービスなどについて「まだ、退会になっていない。退会しないと後になって大変な額の請求が来ます」、「○○万円で、退会手続きをしてあげます」などといって、勧誘するのが典型例である(多くの場合、退会していないことや業者が退会手続きをするというのは嘘で、別の高額商品の契約をさせるのが真の目的である。詐欺と考えるべきである)。 勧誘方法は電話のみである。同じ業者が別の善良な業者を装いさらに契約させるケースがある。いったん二次勧誘に騙されると等比級数的に勧誘電話が増える欠点がある。 近年は巧妙にカモフラージュを施し悪徳弁護士と協力関係を結んだり、特定非営利活動法人等を立ち上げ、入り口はさも優良業者に見せかけて安心感を伝に誘い引き込み、多額のお金を請求したり、会費を取る等という形態、に変化を見せていたりもする。 又、以前の契約を解決し返金させる代わりに、それ以上の金額を事業投資ファンドに投資させるという、お得感を与えた巧妙な手法も多く見られる。
  • In a reloading scam, a victim is repeatedly approached by con artists, often until "sucked dry". This form of fraud is perpetrated on those more susceptible to pressure after the first losses, perhaps because of hopes to recover money previously invested, perhaps because of inability to say "no" to a con man. The term has been current at least since 1923, when it was used to describe a specific repetitive stock fraud: The term 'reloading' has since expanded to cover all repeated attempts to scam money from the same victim.
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  • 二次勧誘(にじかんゆう)とは、何らかの契約をした消費者に対して、顧客名簿等(通称「カモリスト」)を使って別の契約の締結を勧誘することをいう。 過去に入会していた通信教育、会員サービスなどについて「まだ、退会になっていない。退会しないと後になって大変な額の請求が来ます」、「○○万円で、退会手続きをしてあげます」などといって、勧誘するのが典型例である(多くの場合、退会していないことや業者が退会手続きをするというのは嘘で、別の高額商品の契約をさせるのが真の目的である。詐欺と考えるべきである)。 勧誘方法は電話のみである。同じ業者が別の善良な業者を装いさらに契約させるケースがある。いったん二次勧誘に騙されると等比級数的に勧誘電話が増える欠点がある。 近年は巧妙にカモフラージュを施し悪徳弁護士と協力関係を結んだり、特定非営利活動法人等を立ち上げ、入り口はさも優良業者に見せかけて安心感を伝に誘い引き込み、多額のお金を請求したり、会費を取る等という形態、に変化を見せていたりもする。 又、以前の契約を解決し返金させる代わりに、それ以上の金額を事業投資ファンドに投資させるという、お得感を与えた巧妙な手法も多く見られる。
  • In a reloading scam, a victim is repeatedly approached by con artists, often until "sucked dry". This form of fraud is perpetrated on those more susceptible to pressure after the first losses, perhaps because of hopes to recover money previously invested, perhaps because of inability to say "no" to a con man. The term has been current at least since 1923, when it was used to describe a specific repetitive stock fraud: To "reload" a holder of stock, he is approached with an offer to buy from him a larger block of the stock at a higher price than he paid, and about the same time the opportunity is given to him to purchase more at the original offering price. When he has done so, he finds that the bid is an elusive one; it is now for a larger block, and if he buys still more stock in order to take advantage of it, it still keeps ahead of him. The term 'reloading' has since expanded to cover all repeated attempts to scam money from the same victim. This form is widespread because people who become victims of, for example, a telemarketing fraud, often are placed on a sucker list. Sucker lists, which include names, addresses, phone numbers and other information, are created, bought and sold by some fraudulent telemarketers. They are considered invaluable because dishonest promoters know that consumers who have been tricked once are likely to be tricked again.
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