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The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate (Mark Reust) and population of Zürich in the 1520s. It led to significant changes in civil life and state matters in Zürich and spread to several other cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy. Seven cantons remained Roman Catholic, though, which led to inter-cantonal wars known as the Wars of Kappel. After the victory of the Catholic cantons in 1531, they proceeded to institute counter-reformatory policies in some regions. The schism and distrust between Catholic and Protestant cantons would define their interior politics and paralyse any common foreign policy until well into the 18th century.

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  • Reformation in Switzerland
  • الإصلاح في سويسرا
  • Švýcarská reformace
  • Reformation und Gegenreformation in der Schweiz
  • Réforme protestante en Suisse
  • Reformasi Protestan di Swiss
  • スイスの宗教改革
  • 스위스 종교개혁
  • Reforma Suíça
  • Реформация в Швейцарии
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  • Švýcarská reformace započala v Curychu roku 1522 vystoupením Ulricha Zwingliho. Vedle Jana Kalvína, působícího v Ženevě, se stali hlavními postavami švýcarské reformace. Ulrich Zwingli padl roku 1531 v bitvě u Kappelu, čímž se zbrzdilo šíření jeho myšlenek, avšak z reformačních snah Jana Kalvína vzešel jeden z hlavních proudů protestantismu, kalvinismus, který zasáhl celé Švýcarsko, Francii, Itálii, západní Německo, Skotsko a Nizozemí.
  • ここでは、スイスの宗教改革について概説する。
  • 스위스 종교개혁 (Reformation in Switzerland)은 1520년대 기간에 취리히 (Zurich)의 시행정관 마크 레우스트(Mark Reust)와 취리히 사람들의 지지를 얻은 울리히 츠빙글리 (Huldrych Zwingli)에 의해 추진된 스위스의 종교개혁 운동이었다. 그것은 취리히에서 시민 생활과 국가 문제에 상당한 변화를 가져 왔으며 구스위스 연방의 몇몇 다른 주들로 확장되었다. 일곱 주 (cantons)는 로마 가톨릭으로 남아 있었으며, 카펠 전쟁으로 알려진 주(州) 간 전쟁을 일으켰다. 1531년 가톨릭 주들의 승리 이후 일부 지역에서는 반종교 개혁 운동 정책을 추진했다. 카톨릭과 프로테스탄트 주 (州) 사이의 분열과 불신은 그들의 내부 정치를 제한시켰으며, 18세기까지 모든 일반 외교 정책까지 마비시켰다. 프랑스의 종교전쟁인 위그노 전쟁때에도 양쪽 군대들이 서로 싸웠다. 30년 전쟁시에도 13개 주는 유럽의 권력자들이 라이슬로이퍼들을 의존하려고 했기때문에 부분적으로 중립성을 유지하려고 했다.
  • Реформация в Швейцарии (от лат. reformatio — исправление, восстановление) — массовое религиозное и общественно-политическое движение в Швейцарии в XVI веке.
  • روّج هولدريخ زوينكلي للإصلاح البروتستانتي في سويسرا في بادئ الأمر، وحصل ذلك على دعم الحاكم (مارك رويست) ومواطني زيورخ في عشرينيات القرن السادس عشر. وقاد إلى تغييرات كبيرة في الحياة المدنية وشؤون الدولة في زيورخ وامتد إلى بعض كانتونات الاتحاد السويسري القديم. غير أنه بقيت سبع كانتونات رومانية كاثوليكية، ما أشعل فتيل الحرب بين الكانتونات، فنشبت حربين وعُرفت باسم حربي كابيل. بعد انتصار الكانتونات الكاثوليكية في عام 1531، أقدموا على إقرار سياسات إصلاح مضاد في بعض المناطق. وحددت الانشقاقات وانعدام الثقة بين الكانتونات الكاثوليكية والبروتستانتية سياساتها الداخلية، وعطلت أي سياسة خارجية مألوفة حتى وقت متأخر من القرن الثامن عشر.
  • Die Reformation und die katholische Gegenreformation in der Schweiz fanden zeitlich in einem etwas anderen Rahmen statt als in Deutschland (→ Reformation). Als Beginn kann das Wirken Huldrych Zwinglis ab 1519, als Ende der Konfessionalisierung der Zweite Villmergerkrieg 1712 gesehen werden. Auch die Reformation selbst nahm in der Schweiz einen anderen Verlauf, weil die Alte Eidgenossenschaft eine andere Sozialstruktur aufwies als das Reich. Bis heute unterscheiden sich die aus der schweizerischen Reformation hervorgegangenen evangelisch-reformierten Kirchen von den aus der deutschen Reformation hervorgegangenen evangelisch-lutherischen Kirchen. Gemäss dem Charakter der Eidgenossenschaft als Staatenbund ging die Reformation in der Schweiz von verschiedenen Zentren aus und wurde von verschie
  • The Protestant Reformation in Switzerland was promoted initially by Huldrych Zwingli, who gained the support of the magistrate (Mark Reust) and population of Zürich in the 1520s. It led to significant changes in civil life and state matters in Zürich and spread to several other cantons of the Old Swiss Confederacy. Seven cantons remained Roman Catholic, though, which led to inter-cantonal wars known as the Wars of Kappel. After the victory of the Catholic cantons in 1531, they proceeded to institute counter-reformatory policies in some regions. The schism and distrust between Catholic and Protestant cantons would define their interior politics and paralyse any common foreign policy until well into the 18th century.
  • La Réforme en Suisse fut introduite par Ulrich Zwingli, qui obtint le soutien de la ville de Zurich dans les années 1520. Elle aboutit à de profonds changements dans la vie quotidienne et administrative zurichoise et se propagea dans plusieurs autres cantons de la Confédération. Sept d'entre eux restèrent cependant fidèles au catholicisme, ce qui déboucha sur les guerres de Kappel. Les cantons catholiques sortirent victorieux en 1531 et entreprirent une Contre-Réforme dans certaines régions. Le schisme entre cantons catholiques et protestants eut une influence considérable sur la politique intérieure de chacun et paralysa l'adoption d'une politique extérieure commune jusqu'au XVIIIe siècle.
  • Reformasi Protestan di Swiss diinisiasi oleh Huldrych Zwingli, atas dukungan hakim (Mark Reust) dan penduduk Zürich pada tahun 1520-an. Hal ini menyebabkan perubahan yang signifikan dalam kehidupan sipil dan kenegaraan di Zürich, serta penyebaran di Konfederasi Swiss lama. Tujuh provinsi tetap Katolik Roma, yang menyebabkan perang antar-provinsi, dan dikenal pula sebagai . Setelah kemenangan di pihak provinsi-provinsi Katolik pada tahun 1531, mereka kembali ke lembaga yang menerapkan kebijakan Kontra-Reformasi di beberapa daerah. Ketidak-setujuan dan ketidakpercayaan antar provinsi-provinsi Katolik dan Protestan menentukan politik bagian dalam, serta melumpuhkan kebijakan luar negeri umum hingga abad ke-18.
  • A Reforma Protestante Suíça foi introduzida por Ulrich Zwingli, que ganhou o apoio da cidade de Zurique em 1520. Isso levou a mudanças profundas na vida cotidiana e administrativa de Zurique e se espalhou por vários outros cantões da antiga Confederação Helvética. Sete deles permaneceram fiéis ao catolicismo, no entanto, que conduziu as . Os cantões católicos foram vitoriosos em 1531 e começaram a Contrarreforma em algumas regiões. O cisma entre cantões católicos e protestantes teve uma influência considerável na política interna de cada um e paralisar a adoção de uma política externa comum até o século XVIII.
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